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Hydrogen utilization efficiency in PEM fuel cells

Conference:

Abstract

In this paper, we present the work carried out within the framework of the FEVER project (Fuel cell Electric Vehicle for Efficiency and Range), an European project coordinated by Renault, joining Ecole des Mines de Paris, Ansaldo, De Nora, Air Liquide and Volvo. For the FEVER project, where an electrical air compressor is used for oxidant supply, there is no need for hydrogen spill over, meaning that the hydrogen stoichiometry has to be as close to one as possible. To determine the optimum hydrogen utilization efficiency for a 10 kW Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) fed with pure hydrogen, a 4 kW prototype fuel cell was tested with and without a hydrogen recirculator at the test facility of Ecole des Mines de Paris. Nitrogen cross over from the cathodic compartment to the anodic compartment limits the hydrogen utilization of the fuel cell without recirculator to 97.4 % whereas 100% is feasible when a recirculator is used. 5 refs.
Authors:
Metkemeyer, R; Achard, P; Rouveyre, L; Picot, D [1] 
  1. Ecole des Mines de Paris, Centre D'energrtique, Sophia Antipolis (France)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1998
Product Type:
Conference
Reference Number:
EDB-00:029129
Resource Relation:
Conference: 2. Hydrogen power, theoretical and engineering solutions, international symposium (HYPOTHESIS II), Grimstad (Norway), 18-22 Aug 1997; Other Information: PBD: 1998; Related Information: In: Hydrogen power. Theoretical and engineering solutions, by Saetre, T.O. [ed.] [Faculty of Engineering, Agder College, Grimstad (Norway)], 647 pages.
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN; PROTON EXCHANGE MEMBRANE FUEL CELLS; HYDROGEN; PERFORMANCE TESTING; ENERGY EFFICIENCY; NITROGEN; SIMULATION; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; TIME DEPENDENCE
OSTI ID:
20032490
Country of Origin:
Netherlands
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISBN 0-7923-5062-6; TRN: NL00E0383
Availability:
Available from Kluwer Academic Publishers Group, P.O. Box 322, 3300 AH Dordrecht (NL); Sold and distributed in the USA and Canada by Kluwer Academic Publishers, 101 Philip Drive, Norwell, MA 02061 (US)
Submitting Site:
ECN
Size:
page(s) 581-590
Announcement Date:

Conference:

Citation Formats

Metkemeyer, R, Achard, P, Rouveyre, L, and Picot, D. Hydrogen utilization efficiency in PEM fuel cells. Netherlands: N. p., 1998. Web.
Metkemeyer, R, Achard, P, Rouveyre, L, & Picot, D. Hydrogen utilization efficiency in PEM fuel cells. Netherlands.
Metkemeyer, R, Achard, P, Rouveyre, L, and Picot, D. 1998. "Hydrogen utilization efficiency in PEM fuel cells." Netherlands.
@misc{etde_20032490,
title = {Hydrogen utilization efficiency in PEM fuel cells}
author = {Metkemeyer, R, Achard, P, Rouveyre, L, and Picot, D}
abstractNote = {In this paper, we present the work carried out within the framework of the FEVER project (Fuel cell Electric Vehicle for Efficiency and Range), an European project coordinated by Renault, joining Ecole des Mines de Paris, Ansaldo, De Nora, Air Liquide and Volvo. For the FEVER project, where an electrical air compressor is used for oxidant supply, there is no need for hydrogen spill over, meaning that the hydrogen stoichiometry has to be as close to one as possible. To determine the optimum hydrogen utilization efficiency for a 10 kW Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel Cell (PEMFC) fed with pure hydrogen, a 4 kW prototype fuel cell was tested with and without a hydrogen recirculator at the test facility of Ecole des Mines de Paris. Nitrogen cross over from the cathodic compartment to the anodic compartment limits the hydrogen utilization of the fuel cell without recirculator to 97.4 % whereas 100% is feasible when a recirculator is used. 5 refs.}
place = {Netherlands}
year = {1998}
month = {Jul}
}