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Critical factors for bioenergy technology implementation. Five case studies of bioenergy markets in the United States, Sweden and Austria

Abstract

This report analyses the driving forces of, and barriers to, biomass energy technology implementation with the objective of defining the most important factors behind the growth of bioenergy markets and suggesting strategies for policy makers and investors. The approach is to describe the important factors for the development of real bioenergy markets at two levels: (1) Institutional, primarily policy, and (2) market structure. Concepts from economic theory, primarily transaction cost theory and industrial organisation, are used in a qualitative way. The report is based on literature studies and field studies of bioenergy markets in three countries: the United States of America, Austria, and Sweden. It is divided into five sections. After the introduction in section one, literature with relevance for this study is reviewed in section two. In section three the energy policy and energy sectors of each country are described. The descriptions include an overview of the biomass energy sectors. Five cases of developed bioenergy markets in the three countries are presented in section four. The cases are residential heating with wood pellets in New Hampshire, United States, biomass power production in Maine, residential heating with pellets in Sweden, biomass district heating in Sweden, and biomass district heating in  More>>
Authors:
Roos, Anders [1] 
  1. Swedish Univ. of Agricultural Sciences, Uppsala (Sweden). Dept. of Forest-Industry-Market Studies
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1998
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
STEM-ER-30-1998
Reference Number:
EDB-00:075744
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Project report from the program: Small scale combustion of biofuels. 44 refs, 5 figs, 24 tabs; PBD: 1998
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; MARKET; BIOMASS; TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT; FEASIBILITY STUDIES; ENERGY POLICY; WOOD FUELS; DISTRICT HEATING; FUEL PELLETS; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; ECONOMICS; USA; AUSTRIA; SWEDEN; INTERNATIONAL ENERGY AGENCY; COMPILED DATA
OSTI ID:
20004121
Research Organizations:
Swedish National Energy Administration, Eskilstuna (Sweden)
Country of Origin:
Sweden
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISSN 1403-1892; TRN: SE9907469
Availability:
Also available from: Energimyndigheten, Publikationsservice, Box 310, SE-631 04 Eskilstuna, Sweden, or as loan from Studsvik Library, SE-611 82 Nykoeping, Sweden; Available to ETDE participating countries only(see www.etde.org); commercial reproduction prohibited; OSTI as DE20004121
Submitting Site:
SWD
Size:
102 pages
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Roos, Anders. Critical factors for bioenergy technology implementation. Five case studies of bioenergy markets in the United States, Sweden and Austria. Sweden: N. p., 1998. Web.
Roos, Anders. Critical factors for bioenergy technology implementation. Five case studies of bioenergy markets in the United States, Sweden and Austria. Sweden.
Roos, Anders. 1998. "Critical factors for bioenergy technology implementation. Five case studies of bioenergy markets in the United States, Sweden and Austria." Sweden.
@misc{etde_20004121,
title = {Critical factors for bioenergy technology implementation. Five case studies of bioenergy markets in the United States, Sweden and Austria}
author = {Roos, Anders}
abstractNote = {This report analyses the driving forces of, and barriers to, biomass energy technology implementation with the objective of defining the most important factors behind the growth of bioenergy markets and suggesting strategies for policy makers and investors. The approach is to describe the important factors for the development of real bioenergy markets at two levels: (1) Institutional, primarily policy, and (2) market structure. Concepts from economic theory, primarily transaction cost theory and industrial organisation, are used in a qualitative way. The report is based on literature studies and field studies of bioenergy markets in three countries: the United States of America, Austria, and Sweden. It is divided into five sections. After the introduction in section one, literature with relevance for this study is reviewed in section two. In section three the energy policy and energy sectors of each country are described. The descriptions include an overview of the biomass energy sectors. Five cases of developed bioenergy markets in the three countries are presented in section four. The cases are residential heating with wood pellets in New Hampshire, United States, biomass power production in Maine, residential heating with pellets in Sweden, biomass district heating in Sweden, and biomass district heating in Austria. All markets are described in terms of the historical development, technical issues, economics, market structure and local policy influences. In the discussion in section five a number of key factors behind the success or failure of bioenergy are presented. Six factors are most important: (1) Complementaries between the bioenergy operations and another activity (for instance when the bioenergy production uses biomass waste products from another industry); (2) economics of scale within the bioenergy business through larger production series, standards, specialization etc.; (3) a competitive bioenergy market (Many sellers and buyers operate in the market and prices and contracting practices are allowed to vary); (4) competition from other energy forms, fossil, nuclear, electric (The features of this competition are also important whether through cost reductions, quality, the execution of market power, or influence on energy policy); (5) a positive treatment by the national government that means that a market is created, and a technological 'pull' situation appears; and (6) the attitude from local governments and local opinion can play an important role by promoting the industry and introducing regulations and control mechanisms that prevent negative side-effects of the activity. Analysis of these six factors helps policy makers or investors to make realistic assumptions about a bioenergy market potential and to make sound investment decisions for public or private money.}
place = {Sweden}
year = {1998}
month = {Jul}
}