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Greenhouse effect of NO{sub x}

Journal Article:

Abstract

Through various processes the nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) interact with trace gases in the troposphere and stratosphere which do absorb in the spectral range relevant to the greenhouse effect (infrared wavelengths). The net effect is an enhancement of the greenhouse effect. The catalytic role of NO{sub x} in the production of tropospheric ozone provides the most prominent contribution. The global waming potential is estimated as GWP (NO{sub x}) = 30-33 and 7-10 for the respective time horizons of 20 and 100 years, and is thereby comparable to that of methane. NO{sub x} emissions in rural areas of anthropogenically influenced regions, or those in the vicinity of the tropopause caused by air traffic, cause the greenhouse effectivity to be substantially more intense. We estimate an additional 5-23% for Germany`s contribution to the anthropogenic greenhouse effect as a result of the indirect greenhouse effects stemming from NO{sub x}. Furthermore, a small and still inaccurately defined amount of the deposited NO{sub x} which has primarily been converted into nitrates is again released from the soil into the atmosphere in the form of the long-lived greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N{sub i}O). Thus, anthropogenically induced NO{sub x} emissions contribute to enhanced greenhouse effect and to  More>>
Authors:
Lammel, G; Grassl, H [1] 
  1. Max-Planck-Institut fuer Meteorologie, Hamburg (Germany)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1995
Product Type:
Journal Article
Reference Number:
SCA: 540120; PA: DE-96:0G3552; EDB-96:048110; SN: 96001548793
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Environmental Science and Pollution Research International; Journal Volume: 2; Journal Issue: 1; Other Information: PBD: Jul 1995
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AIR POLLUTION; GREENHOUSE EFFECT; ATMOSPHERIC CHEMISTRY; NITROGEN OXIDES; OZONE; TROPOSPHERE; ATMOSPHERES; STRATOSPHERE; REVIEWS; AEROSOLS; PHOTOCHEMISTRY
OSTI ID:
187380
Country of Origin:
Germany
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ESPLEC; ISSN 0944-1344; TRN: DE96G3552
Submitting Site:
DE
Size:
pp. 40-45
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Lammel, G, and Grassl, H. Greenhouse effect of NO{sub x}. Germany: N. p., 1995. Web.
Lammel, G, & Grassl, H. Greenhouse effect of NO{sub x}. Germany.
Lammel, G, and Grassl, H. 1995. "Greenhouse effect of NO{sub x}." Germany.
@misc{etde_187380,
title = {Greenhouse effect of NO{sub x}}
author = {Lammel, G, and Grassl, H}
abstractNote = {Through various processes the nitrogen oxides (NO{sub x}) interact with trace gases in the troposphere and stratosphere which do absorb in the spectral range relevant to the greenhouse effect (infrared wavelengths). The net effect is an enhancement of the greenhouse effect. The catalytic role of NO{sub x} in the production of tropospheric ozone provides the most prominent contribution. The global waming potential is estimated as GWP (NO{sub x}) = 30-33 and 7-10 for the respective time horizons of 20 and 100 years, and is thereby comparable to that of methane. NO{sub x} emissions in rural areas of anthropogenically influenced regions, or those in the vicinity of the tropopause caused by air traffic, cause the greenhouse effectivity to be substantially more intense. We estimate an additional 5-23% for Germany`s contribution to the anthropogenic greenhouse effect as a result of the indirect greenhouse effects stemming from NO{sub x}. Furthermore, a small and still inaccurately defined amount of the deposited NO{sub x} which has primarily been converted into nitrates is again released from the soil into the atmosphere in the form of the long-lived greenhouse gas nitrous oxide (N{sub i}O). Thus, anthropogenically induced NO{sub x} emissions contribute to enhanced greenhouse effect and to stratospheric ozone depletion in the time scale of more than a century. (orig.)}
journal = {Environmental Science and Pollution Research International}
issue = {1}
volume = {2}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Germany}
year = {1995}
month = {Jul}
}