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Studies on anaemia of pregnancy: Therapeutic response to haematinics and on the birth weights of their newborns, and role of malabsorption in anaemic children

Abstract

Anaemia is commonly found in Pakistan especially in pregnant women and children of low socio-economic classes. Malnutrition and anaemia in pregnancy is also associated with impaired foetal and infant health. The pregnant women (n=102) in their third trimester of pregnancy without any obstetrical complications were the subjects for this study and 53.9% of them were anaemic with haemoglobin levels less than 11 g/dl. They were treated with either iron alone (100 mg/day), supplemented with folic acid (10 mg/day) or with folic acid (10 mg/day), vitamin B{sub 12} (2{mu}g/day) and vitamin C (140 mg/day) for 4 weeks. The biochemical parameters were repeated after 4 weeks of treatment and an improvement was observed when iron was supplemented with folic acid. The effect of malnutrition and anaemia of pregnant moment was assessed on the birth weights of their newborns in 124 women. The newborns were divided in to 3 groups i.e. Small for age (< 2.5 Kg), average birth weight (2.5 - 3.5 Kg) and large for age (> 3.5 Kg). The dietary history indicated a low intake of energy, protein and iron in mothers of small infants. On the basis of biochemical parameters it was concluded that the mothers were malnourished and  More>>
Authors:
Rahman, M A [1] 
  1. Department of Biochemistry, Karachi (Pakistan). Baqai Medical College
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1994
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
NAHRES-20; CONF-9211346-
Reference Number:
SCA: 553006; PA: AIX-26:073277; EDB-96:010650; SN: 96001507981
Resource Relation:
Conference: 2. research co-ordination meeting on isotope-aided studies of the bioavailability of iron and zinc from human diets, Hyderabad (India), 16-20 Nov 1992; Other Information: PBD: 1994; Related Information: Is Part Of Co-ordinated research programme on isotope-aided studies of the bioavailability of iron and zinc from human diets. Report of the second research co-ordination meeting, Hyderabad, India, 16-20 November 1992; PB: 109 p.
Subject:
55 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, BASIC STUDIES; PREGNANCY; ANEMIAS; NUTRITIONAL DEFICIENCY; DIET; INFANTS; NEONATES; NUTRITION
OSTI ID:
149543
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria). Section of Nutritional and Health-Related Environmental Studies
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE96604380; TRN: XA9540039073277
Availability:
INIS; OSTI as DE96604380
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
pp. 55
Announcement Date:

Citation Formats

Rahman, M A. Studies on anaemia of pregnancy: Therapeutic response to haematinics and on the birth weights of their newborns, and role of malabsorption in anaemic children. IAEA: N. p., 1994. Web.
Rahman, M A. Studies on anaemia of pregnancy: Therapeutic response to haematinics and on the birth weights of their newborns, and role of malabsorption in anaemic children. IAEA.
Rahman, M A. 1994. "Studies on anaemia of pregnancy: Therapeutic response to haematinics and on the birth weights of their newborns, and role of malabsorption in anaemic children." IAEA.
@misc{etde_149543,
title = {Studies on anaemia of pregnancy: Therapeutic response to haematinics and on the birth weights of their newborns, and role of malabsorption in anaemic children}
author = {Rahman, M A}
abstractNote = {Anaemia is commonly found in Pakistan especially in pregnant women and children of low socio-economic classes. Malnutrition and anaemia in pregnancy is also associated with impaired foetal and infant health. The pregnant women (n=102) in their third trimester of pregnancy without any obstetrical complications were the subjects for this study and 53.9% of them were anaemic with haemoglobin levels less than 11 g/dl. They were treated with either iron alone (100 mg/day), supplemented with folic acid (10 mg/day) or with folic acid (10 mg/day), vitamin B{sub 12} (2{mu}g/day) and vitamin C (140 mg/day) for 4 weeks. The biochemical parameters were repeated after 4 weeks of treatment and an improvement was observed when iron was supplemented with folic acid. The effect of malnutrition and anaemia of pregnant moment was assessed on the birth weights of their newborns in 124 women. The newborns were divided in to 3 groups i.e. Small for age (< 2.5 Kg), average birth weight (2.5 - 3.5 Kg) and large for age (> 3.5 Kg). The dietary history indicated a low intake of energy, protein and iron in mothers of small infants. On the basis of biochemical parameters it was concluded that the mothers were malnourished and anaemic which was more evident in mothers of small infants. The role of malabsorption was studied in 42 children suffering from malnutrition and anaemia and they were divided into 5 groups, i.e. fibrocystic disease of the pancreas. (n=9), coeliac disease (n=17), lactose intolerance (n=5), PEM (n=5) and non-specific diarrhea (n=6) on the basis of history, clinical impression and biochemical findings. Xylose and lactose tolerance tests were performed after oral dose of xylose or lactose respectively. The various biochemical indices studied indicate that malabsorption plays an important role in malnutrition and anaemia. (abstract only).}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1994}
month = {Dec}
}