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First results about effects of liming on saprophytic fungal communities in the Ah-horizon of a spruce forest soil in France (Vosges); Erste Resultate ueber den Effekt von Kalkung auf die Pilzpopulation (Saprophyten) im Ah-Horizont eines Fichtenwaldbodens in Frankreich (Vogesen)

Journal Article:

Abstract

Soil fungi, including mycorrhiza, are strongly affected by zoil chemical parameters such as the ratio of calcium and/or magnesium to aluminium and the pH-value. So, it was very interesting to compare the rhizospheric microfungal flora between a declining spruce stand and a healthy spruce stand. The site chosen for this investigation was situated in the Vosges in the northeast of France. The rhizospheric soil, from the Ah-horizon of a sandy loam podzol, limed (the healthy spruce stand) or unlimed (the declining spruce stand) was sampled in a 65-year-old Norway spruce forest. The study was made 7 years after liming. Fungal isolations were performed using the dilution plate method. Pronounced differences in species abundance and composition were found between the limed and the unlimed stands. Of the 49 isolated species (24 from declining spruce plot and 34 from healthy spruce plot) only nine were found at both plots. The greatest diversity is observed at the healthy spruce stand; it may be due to the liming. This study indicates that soil microfungi could be sensitive to increased acidity of the rain with subsequent effects. (orig.) [Deutsch] Bodenpilze einschliesslich der Mykorrhizapilze sind stark von bodenchemischen Parameters wie dem Verhaeltnis von Calcium und/oder Magnesium  More>>
Authors:
Devevre, O; [1]  Roquebert, M F; [2]  Garbaye, J [1] 
  1. Centre I.N.R.A. de Nancy, Lab. de Microbiologie Forestiere, 54 - Champenoux (France)
  2. Musee National d`Histoire Naturelle, Lab. de Cryptogamie, 75 - Paris (France)
Publication Date:
Apr 01, 1993
Product Type:
Journal Article
Report Number:
CONF-9209453-
Reference Number:
SCA: 560300; PA: DEN-94:0F3841; EDB-94:058381; SN: 94001179792
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Forstwissenschaftliches Centralblatt; Journal Volume: 112; Journal Issue: 1-2; Conference: IUFRO symposium on air pollutants and interactions between organisms and forest ecosystems, IUFRO-Symposium ueber Luftverunreinigungen und Wechselwirkungen Zwischen Organismen in Forstlichen Oekosystemen, Dresden (Germany), 9-11 Sep 1992; Other Information: PBD: Apr 1993
Subject:
56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; AIR POLLUTION; FUNGI; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS; MYCORRHIZAS; SPECIES DIVERSITY; SOILS; FORESTS; SPRUCES; SOIL CHEMISTRY; PH VALUE; ALUMINIUM; CALCIUM; MAGNESIUM; LIMING; ACIDIFICATION
OSTI ID:
143387
Country of Origin:
Germany
Language:
German
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: FWSCAZ; ISSN 0015-8003; TRN: DE94F3841
Submitting Site:
DEN
Size:
pp. 101-107
Announcement Date:

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Devevre, O, Roquebert, M F, and Garbaye, J. First results about effects of liming on saprophytic fungal communities in the Ah-horizon of a spruce forest soil in France (Vosges); Erste Resultate ueber den Effekt von Kalkung auf die Pilzpopulation (Saprophyten) im Ah-Horizont eines Fichtenwaldbodens in Frankreich (Vogesen). Germany: N. p., 1993. Web.
Devevre, O, Roquebert, M F, & Garbaye, J. First results about effects of liming on saprophytic fungal communities in the Ah-horizon of a spruce forest soil in France (Vosges); Erste Resultate ueber den Effekt von Kalkung auf die Pilzpopulation (Saprophyten) im Ah-Horizont eines Fichtenwaldbodens in Frankreich (Vogesen). Germany.
Devevre, O, Roquebert, M F, and Garbaye, J. 1993. "First results about effects of liming on saprophytic fungal communities in the Ah-horizon of a spruce forest soil in France (Vosges); Erste Resultate ueber den Effekt von Kalkung auf die Pilzpopulation (Saprophyten) im Ah-Horizont eines Fichtenwaldbodens in Frankreich (Vogesen)." Germany.
@misc{etde_143387,
title = {First results about effects of liming on saprophytic fungal communities in the Ah-horizon of a spruce forest soil in France (Vosges); Erste Resultate ueber den Effekt von Kalkung auf die Pilzpopulation (Saprophyten) im Ah-Horizont eines Fichtenwaldbodens in Frankreich (Vogesen)}
author = {Devevre, O, Roquebert, M F, and Garbaye, J}
abstractNote = {Soil fungi, including mycorrhiza, are strongly affected by zoil chemical parameters such as the ratio of calcium and/or magnesium to aluminium and the pH-value. So, it was very interesting to compare the rhizospheric microfungal flora between a declining spruce stand and a healthy spruce stand. The site chosen for this investigation was situated in the Vosges in the northeast of France. The rhizospheric soil, from the Ah-horizon of a sandy loam podzol, limed (the healthy spruce stand) or unlimed (the declining spruce stand) was sampled in a 65-year-old Norway spruce forest. The study was made 7 years after liming. Fungal isolations were performed using the dilution plate method. Pronounced differences in species abundance and composition were found between the limed and the unlimed stands. Of the 49 isolated species (24 from declining spruce plot and 34 from healthy spruce plot) only nine were found at both plots. The greatest diversity is observed at the healthy spruce stand; it may be due to the liming. This study indicates that soil microfungi could be sensitive to increased acidity of the rain with subsequent effects. (orig.) [Deutsch] Bodenpilze einschliesslich der Mykorrhizapilze sind stark von bodenchemischen Parameters wie dem Verhaeltnis von Calcium und/oder Magnesium zu Aluminium sowie vom pH-Wert des Bodens abhaengig. Deshalb wurde die Pilzmikroflora eines geschaedigten Fichtenbestand mit einem gesunden Fichtenbestand in den Vogesen, im Nordosten Frankreichs verglichen. In einem 65jaehrigen Fichtenbestand wurde der durchwurzelte Boden des Ah-Horizontes eines sandig-lehmigen Podsols einer gekalkten (gesunder Fichtenbestand) sowie einer ungekalkten Parzelle (geschaedigter Fichtenbestand) beprobt. Die Studie wurde 7 Jahre nach der Kalkung durchgefuehrt. Die Isolation der Pilze wurde anhand der Verduennungstechnik auf Kulturmedium mit DRBC-Agar durchgefuehrt. Sowohl im Artenvorkommen als auch in den Populationsstaerken bestanden betraechtliche Unterschiede zwischen den gekalkten und ungekalkten Bestaenden. Von den 49 isolierten Arten (24 vom geschaedigten und 34 vom ungeschaedigten Bestand) Damen nur 9 in beiden Parzellen vor. Die groesste Diversitaet wurde im gesunden Fichtenbestand beobachtet, moeglicherweise als Folge der Kalkung. Die Studie macht deutlich, dassBodenmikropilze empfindlich auf erhoehte Versauerung des Regens und deren Folgewirkungen reagieren. (orig.)}
journal = {Forstwissenschaftliches Centralblatt}
issue = {1-2}
volume = {112}
journal type = {AC}
place = {Germany}
year = {1993}
month = {Apr}
}