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Implementing the Kyoto Protocol. The role of environmental agreements

Abstract

This report examines under what circumstances voluntary agreements to curb greenhouse gas emissions could be an attractive policy option from the government`s perspective. The report begins by defining the term Environmental Agreement (EA) and then explores EAs in three steps: (1) Advantages and disadvantages of EAs compared to other policy tools (direct regulation, taxes and tradable permits), based on theoretical studies and experience from practical use, (2) The potential of EAs as an international policy tool, either in a bilateral or regional setting, (3) The attractiveness of EAs to implement the Kyoto Protocol, and the relation to joint implementation and international emissions trading. The main conclusions are: (1) Experience from OECD countries suggests that EAs are most attractive as a supplement to traditional command and control, or to market-based policy tools. (2) Skillful design of EAs can improve their efficiency. (3) Bilateral EAs is an interesting policy option to regulate pollution from other countries. (4) Regional EAs are rare but could have important advantages. (5) EAs can play a role in a soft transition stage from traditional command and control to domestic emission trading, and further on to a Kyoto Protocol regime of emission trading and joint implementation. 52 refs.,  More>>
Publication Date:
Sep 01, 1999
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
CICERO-R-1999/4
Reference Number:
SCA: 290300; PA: NW-99:005170; EDB-99:078782; SN: 99002121446
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1999
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; ENVIRONMENT; ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY; AIR POLLUTION; AIR POLLUTION ABATEMENT; AGREEMENTS; INTERNATIONAL AGREEMENTS; GREENHOUSE GASES; GREENHOUSE EFFECT; 290300; ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH, AND SAFETY
OSTI ID:
10147786
Research Organizations:
Oslo Univ. (Norway). Center for International Climate and Environmental Research
Country of Origin:
Norway
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE99758862; TRN: NO9905170
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS
Submitting Site:
NW
Size:
60 p.
Announcement Date:
Sep 13, 1999

Citation Formats

Torvanger, Asbjoern, and Skodvin, Tora. Implementing the Kyoto Protocol. The role of environmental agreements. Norway: N. p., 1999. Web.
Torvanger, Asbjoern, & Skodvin, Tora. Implementing the Kyoto Protocol. The role of environmental agreements. Norway.
Torvanger, Asbjoern, and Skodvin, Tora. 1999. "Implementing the Kyoto Protocol. The role of environmental agreements." Norway.
@misc{etde_10147786,
title = {Implementing the Kyoto Protocol. The role of environmental agreements}
author = {Torvanger, Asbjoern, and Skodvin, Tora}
abstractNote = {This report examines under what circumstances voluntary agreements to curb greenhouse gas emissions could be an attractive policy option from the government`s perspective. The report begins by defining the term Environmental Agreement (EA) and then explores EAs in three steps: (1) Advantages and disadvantages of EAs compared to other policy tools (direct regulation, taxes and tradable permits), based on theoretical studies and experience from practical use, (2) The potential of EAs as an international policy tool, either in a bilateral or regional setting, (3) The attractiveness of EAs to implement the Kyoto Protocol, and the relation to joint implementation and international emissions trading. The main conclusions are: (1) Experience from OECD countries suggests that EAs are most attractive as a supplement to traditional command and control, or to market-based policy tools. (2) Skillful design of EAs can improve their efficiency. (3) Bilateral EAs is an interesting policy option to regulate pollution from other countries. (4) Regional EAs are rare but could have important advantages. (5) EAs can play a role in a soft transition stage from traditional command and control to domestic emission trading, and further on to a Kyoto Protocol regime of emission trading and joint implementation. 52 refs., 2 figs., 2 tabs.}
place = {Norway}
year = {1999}
month = {Sep}
}