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Nuclear energy: state of the art, necessity and acceptance, possible developments; Kernenergie: Stand von Technik, Notwendigkeit und Akzeptanz, moegliche Entwicklungslinien

Technical Report:

Abstract

Nuclear energy is a relatively young, in many countries well-established technology. The operational records of commercial plants vary between satisfactory and excellent. Numerous incidents and a few accidents have been reported, which, however, have not demonstrably led to lethal cases prior to the Chernobyl accident. The environmental impact is small: Radiation for non-professionally exposed persons well below the natural background, no greenhouse-gases. The quantities of (highly) radioactive waste accumulated to date are small, but have to be safely stored for incredibly long times; the origin of the problems is rather of intellectual than of insoluble technical nature. The safety standard of western plants is high, but is based on fast acting safety measures and systems, which make nuclear plants complex and less `forgiving` against failures. On the other hand, eastern European nuclear plants show considerable safety deficits, which need to be overcome. The lack of acceptance for nuclear energy is partially caused by the risk profile of the plants operated today: This profile results into an extremely low frequency of occurence of catastrophic events, without, however, excluding them. The current risk profile can be influenced by technical means. Corresponding technical developments are graduated in time and cover the whole domain  More>>
Authors:
Kroeger, W [1] 
  1. Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)
Publication Date:
Sep 01, 1992
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
PSI-127
Reference Number:
SCA: 210800; 210000; PA: AIX-24:007853; SN: 93000932620
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Sep 1992
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; NUCLEAR ENERGY; ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS; GAS COOLED REACTORS; LIQUID METAL COOLED REACTORS; POLITICAL ASPECTS; RADIOACTIVE WASTES; REACTOR ACCIDENTS; REACTOR SAFETY; SOCIO-ECONOMIC FACTORS; WATER COOLED REACTORS; 210800; 210000; ECONOMICS; NUCLEAR POWER REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS
OSTI ID:
10119272
Research Organizations:
Paul Scherrer Inst. (PSI), Villigen (Switzerland)
Country of Origin:
Switzerland
Language:
German
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE93612781; TRN: CH9200723007853
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS; INIS
Submitting Site:
CHN
Size:
[44] p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Kroeger, W. Nuclear energy: state of the art, necessity and acceptance, possible developments; Kernenergie: Stand von Technik, Notwendigkeit und Akzeptanz, moegliche Entwicklungslinien. Switzerland: N. p., 1992. Web.
Kroeger, W. Nuclear energy: state of the art, necessity and acceptance, possible developments; Kernenergie: Stand von Technik, Notwendigkeit und Akzeptanz, moegliche Entwicklungslinien. Switzerland.
Kroeger, W. 1992. "Nuclear energy: state of the art, necessity and acceptance, possible developments; Kernenergie: Stand von Technik, Notwendigkeit und Akzeptanz, moegliche Entwicklungslinien." Switzerland.
@misc{etde_10119272,
title = {Nuclear energy: state of the art, necessity and acceptance, possible developments; Kernenergie: Stand von Technik, Notwendigkeit und Akzeptanz, moegliche Entwicklungslinien}
author = {Kroeger, W}
abstractNote = {Nuclear energy is a relatively young, in many countries well-established technology. The operational records of commercial plants vary between satisfactory and excellent. Numerous incidents and a few accidents have been reported, which, however, have not demonstrably led to lethal cases prior to the Chernobyl accident. The environmental impact is small: Radiation for non-professionally exposed persons well below the natural background, no greenhouse-gases. The quantities of (highly) radioactive waste accumulated to date are small, but have to be safely stored for incredibly long times; the origin of the problems is rather of intellectual than of insoluble technical nature. The safety standard of western plants is high, but is based on fast acting safety measures and systems, which make nuclear plants complex and less `forgiving` against failures. On the other hand, eastern European nuclear plants show considerable safety deficits, which need to be overcome. The lack of acceptance for nuclear energy is partially caused by the risk profile of the plants operated today: This profile results into an extremely low frequency of occurence of catastrophic events, without, however, excluding them. The current risk profile can be influenced by technical means. Corresponding technical developments are graduated in time and cover the whole domain between backfitting of existing plants over evolutionary designs up to radical changes for far-future concepts; for the latter the goal of a more far-reaching elimination of severe accidents and/or catastrophic radioactive releases is aimed at, by means of an increased use of passive systems and inherent safety features. (author) 10 figs., 4 tabs., 30 refs.}
place = {Switzerland}
year = {1992}
month = {Sep}
}