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The source of groundwater salinization in the Indus basin - an isotopic evidence

Technical Report:

Abstract

The isotopic and chemical studies were carried out in three regions of the Indus Basin to ascertain the source of salinity. Samples collected from the Faisalabad are in Rechna Doab, Chaj Doab and Mardan Valley, were analysed on mass spectrometer for D/H, 18O/16O and 34S/32S ratios. Electrical conductivities and pH measurements were made in situ while the analyses of various cations/anions were made in the laboratory. The isotopic results show that the salinity is mainly due to the dissolution of sediments salts by the infiltrating sweet water. The chemical data also support this conclusion. The rise in salinity is also partly due to the use of fertilizers and evaporation processes. (author).
Publication Date:
Sep 01, 1991
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
PINSTECH/RIAD-128
Reference Number:
SCA: 540300; PA: AIX-23:016738; SN: 92000660800
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Sep 1991
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; GROUND WATER; ISOTOPE RATIO; SALINITY; ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY; EVAPORATION; ISOTOPE APPLICATIONS; MASS SPECTROMETERS; OXYGEN ISOTOPES; PAKISTAN; PH VALUE; SAMPLE PREPARATION; SULFUR ISOTOPES; 540300; ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES, AQUATIC
OSTI ID:
10117466
Research Organizations:
Pakistan Inst. of Nuclear Science and Technology, Islamabad (Pakistan). Radiation and Isotope Application Div.
Country of Origin:
Pakistan
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE92616327; TRN: PK9200013016738
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS (US Sales Only); INIS
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
33 p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Sajjad, M I, Hussain, S D, Tasneem, M A, Ahmad, M, Khan, I H, Akram, W, and Waheed, R. The source of groundwater salinization in the Indus basin - an isotopic evidence. Pakistan: N. p., 1991. Web.
Sajjad, M I, Hussain, S D, Tasneem, M A, Ahmad, M, Khan, I H, Akram, W, & Waheed, R. The source of groundwater salinization in the Indus basin - an isotopic evidence. Pakistan.
Sajjad, M I, Hussain, S D, Tasneem, M A, Ahmad, M, Khan, I H, Akram, W, and Waheed, R. 1991. "The source of groundwater salinization in the Indus basin - an isotopic evidence." Pakistan.
@misc{etde_10117466,
title = {The source of groundwater salinization in the Indus basin - an isotopic evidence}
author = {Sajjad, M I, Hussain, S D, Tasneem, M A, Ahmad, M, Khan, I H, Akram, W, and Waheed, R}
abstractNote = {The isotopic and chemical studies were carried out in three regions of the Indus Basin to ascertain the source of salinity. Samples collected from the Faisalabad are in Rechna Doab, Chaj Doab and Mardan Valley, were analysed on mass spectrometer for D/H, 18O/16O and 34S/32S ratios. Electrical conductivities and pH measurements were made in situ while the analyses of various cations/anions were made in the laboratory. The isotopic results show that the salinity is mainly due to the dissolution of sediments salts by the infiltrating sweet water. The chemical data also support this conclusion. The rise in salinity is also partly due to the use of fertilizers and evaporation processes. (author).}
place = {Pakistan}
year = {1991}
month = {Sep}
}