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Energy systems and climate change: Approaches to formulating responses

Thesis/Dissertation:

Abstract

A method is presented for computing the direct and indirect radiative forcings of emissions of carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and methane and comparing them in terms of their carbon-equivalent radiative forcing potential as a common unit. Examples illustrate application of the method in comparisons of the carbon-equivalent emissions from coal-, oil- and natural gas-based electricity and combined heat and power production assuming near-, medium- and long-term perspectives. The second article provides a systematic approach to calculating the net cost of avoiding greenhouse-gas emissions by adopting individual supply- and demand-side fuel switching and energy efficiency measures instead of proceeding down business as usual energy paths. Individual measures are grouped and ranked to form scenario packages for total and average costs of avoided carbon equivalent emissions. Examples are presented for Sweden, the United States and the state of Karnataka, India. A key finding is that there appears to exist significant emission avoiding potential that can be exploited at a net economic benefit to society. This potential is insufficient, however, to stabilize atmospheric concentrations of the greenhouse gases. The suggestion that changes can be made to energy systems leading to significant levels of avoided carbon dioxide emissions at little or no cost to  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Apr 01, 1993
Product Type:
Thesis/Dissertation
Report Number:
LUTFD2-TFEM-93-1003
Reference Number:
SCA: 290301; 540120; PA: SWD-93:007437; EDB-94:018653; NTS-94:008796; ERA-19:006784; SN: 94001129763
Resource Relation:
Other Information: TH: Diss. (FD); PBD: Apr 1993
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; GREENHOUSE EFFECT; MITIGATION; FOSSIL FUELS; GREENHOUSE GASES; ECONOMICS; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; ETHANOL FUELS; EMISSION; FUEL SUBSTITUTION; ENERGY EFFICIENCY; 290301; 540120; REGIONAL AND GLOBAL ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS; CHEMICALS MONITORING AND TRANSPORT
OSTI ID:
10117158
Research Organizations:
Lund Inst. of Tech. (Sweden). Dept. of Environmental and Energy Systems Studies
Country of Origin:
Sweden
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE94730405; ISBN 91-88360-05-9; TRN: SE9307437
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS; INIS
Submitting Site:
SWD
Size:
12 p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Thesis/Dissertation:

Citation Formats

Wilson, Deborah. Energy systems and climate change: Approaches to formulating responses. Sweden: N. p., 1993. Web.
Wilson, Deborah. Energy systems and climate change: Approaches to formulating responses. Sweden.
Wilson, Deborah. 1993. "Energy systems and climate change: Approaches to formulating responses." Sweden.
@misc{etde_10117158,
title = {Energy systems and climate change: Approaches to formulating responses}
author = {Wilson, Deborah}
abstractNote = {A method is presented for computing the direct and indirect radiative forcings of emissions of carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide and methane and comparing them in terms of their carbon-equivalent radiative forcing potential as a common unit. Examples illustrate application of the method in comparisons of the carbon-equivalent emissions from coal-, oil- and natural gas-based electricity and combined heat and power production assuming near-, medium- and long-term perspectives. The second article provides a systematic approach to calculating the net cost of avoiding greenhouse-gas emissions by adopting individual supply- and demand-side fuel switching and energy efficiency measures instead of proceeding down business as usual energy paths. Individual measures are grouped and ranked to form scenario packages for total and average costs of avoided carbon equivalent emissions. Examples are presented for Sweden, the United States and the state of Karnataka, India. A key finding is that there appears to exist significant emission avoiding potential that can be exploited at a net economic benefit to society. This potential is insufficient, however, to stabilize atmospheric concentrations of the greenhouse gases. The suggestion that changes can be made to energy systems leading to significant levels of avoided carbon dioxide emissions at little or no cost to society has been refuted by economic theoreticians, whose writings warn that policies aimed at avoiding greenhouse gas emissions will incur exorbitant costs. A case study of the potential to use ethanol produced from sugar cane as a transportation fuel in Thailand is used to illustrate an integrated approach to evaluating components of alternative energy systems}
place = {Sweden}
year = {1993}
month = {Apr}
}