Spent fuels from nuclear power stations contain many useful elements, which can be utilized as heat and irradiation sources, radioisotope, elemental resource, etc. Their recovery from spent fuel and effective uses have the advantages in not only converting the radioactive waste to beneficial resources but also promoting rationalization of the management and disposal of the radioactive wastes. In present study, published literature related to recovery and utilization of useful elements in spent fuel was mainly surveyed, present states and trends in their research and development were analyzed, and their future prospects were conjectured. Research and development on recovery and utilization of useful elements are being continued mainly in USA, Europe and Japan. A transportable food irradiator with Cs-137 and an electric power source with Sr-90 for remote weather station are typical examples in major past applications. However, research and development on recovery and utilization are not so much active and the future efforts should be expected hereafter. Present study was conducted under the auspices of the Science and Technology Agency of Japan. (author).