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On the release and ionization efficiency of catcher-ion-source systems in isotope separation on-line

Conference:

Abstract

It is shown that the critical steps in isotope separation on-line - diffusion, effusion, and ionization - can be studied in a very efficient way by simulating the separation process using beam particles of the UNILAC accelerator as tracer instead of reaction products. The analysis of the measured release profiles readily yields the ionization efficiency and the halflife dependence of the separation efficiency in absolute scale. For the cases, where surface desorption is a fast process compared to solid state diffusion, additionally the decisive delay parameters {mu}{sub 0} for diffusion and {nu} for effusion can be extracted. These are closely related to material constants such as diffusion coefficients and enthalpies for surface adsorption and in favourable cases permit extraction of the Arrhenius coefficients. Thus the assumed release model can be tested by comparison with literature values or, in turn, enables the conversion of known material constants into estimates for the halflife dependence of the separation efficiency. Since ion sources have reached a high degree of sophistication, the ionization efficiency hardly ever is the limiting factor of on-line mass separation. This is in general also true for the diffusion step, if the distribution of the reaction products in the catcher is  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Aug 01, 1991
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
GSI-91-40(prepr.); CONF-9109310-
Reference Number:
SCA: 070100; PA: DEN-92:000890; SN: 92000657010
Resource Relation:
Conference: 12. international conference on electromagnetic isotope separators and technique related to their applications (EMIS-12),Sendai (Japan),2-6 Sep 1991; Other Information: PBD: Aug 1991
Subject:
07 ISOTOPES AND RADIATION SOURCES; ISOTOPE SEPARATION; PARTICLE LOSSES; UNILAC; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; DIFFUSION; ON-LINE CONTROL SYSTEMS; ION SOURCES; IONIZATION; RADIOISOTOPES; EFFICIENCY; ADSORPTION; 070100; PHYSICAL ISOTOPE SEPARATION
OSTI ID:
10116901
Research Organizations:
Gesellschaft fuer Schwerionenforschung mbH, Darmstadt (Germany)
Country of Origin:
Germany
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE92766127; TRN: DE9200890
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS (US Sales Only); INIS
Submitting Site:
DEN
Size:
30 p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Conference:

Citation Formats

Kirchner, R. On the release and ionization efficiency of catcher-ion-source systems in isotope separation on-line. Germany: N. p., 1991. Web.
Kirchner, R. On the release and ionization efficiency of catcher-ion-source systems in isotope separation on-line. Germany.
Kirchner, R. 1991. "On the release and ionization efficiency of catcher-ion-source systems in isotope separation on-line." Germany.
@misc{etde_10116901,
title = {On the release and ionization efficiency of catcher-ion-source systems in isotope separation on-line}
author = {Kirchner, R}
abstractNote = {It is shown that the critical steps in isotope separation on-line - diffusion, effusion, and ionization - can be studied in a very efficient way by simulating the separation process using beam particles of the UNILAC accelerator as tracer instead of reaction products. The analysis of the measured release profiles readily yields the ionization efficiency and the halflife dependence of the separation efficiency in absolute scale. For the cases, where surface desorption is a fast process compared to solid state diffusion, additionally the decisive delay parameters {mu}{sub 0} for diffusion and {nu} for effusion can be extracted. These are closely related to material constants such as diffusion coefficients and enthalpies for surface adsorption and in favourable cases permit extraction of the Arrhenius coefficients. Thus the assumed release model can be tested by comparison with literature values or, in turn, enables the conversion of known material constants into estimates for the halflife dependence of the separation efficiency. Since ion sources have reached a high degree of sophistication, the ionization efficiency hardly ever is the limiting factor of on-line mass separation. This is in general also true for the diffusion step, if the distribution of the reaction products in the catcher is either homogeneous or very close to the surface. As a consequence it turns out that effusion decisively causes the limitations in mass separation on-line, i.e. surface adsorption for refractory elements and the intrinsic delay for very short halflives. (orig.).}
place = {Germany}
year = {1991}
month = {Aug}
}