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Reduction of solar radiation by manmade aerosol

Technical Report:

Abstract

The amount of solar radiation reaching the earth is reduced by reflection of the light on (manmade) aerosol particles. This effect presents the major uncertainty in quantifying climate change by the increase in greenhouse gas emissions. The dominant reason for the uncertainty is the localized character of aerosol. It is the aim of the present study to quantify the effect of anthropogenic aerosol on the local climate in Europe. This is realized along three interconnected approaches. First, empirical factors stemming from measurements in the US and used in the present estimates of the reflection of solar radiation by anthropogenic aerosol are checked for their validity in the European domain. Secondly, historical data on solar flux in Europe are related to the historic trend in aerosol loading. Finally, a sophisticated aerosol and cloud (radiation) module is developed for incorporation in a climate model. The radiation module uses aerosol characteristics as measured in the field and is validated via solar radiation measurements. Since the study recently started only preliminary results are reported. 1 fig., 13 refs.
Authors:
Publication Date:
Oct 01, 1993
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
ECN-RX-93-107
Reference Number:
SCA: 540120; PA: ECN-93:0E0920; EDB-94:021171; NTS-94:008517; ERA-19:007402; SN: 94001127497
Resource Relation:
Other Information: DN: Article intended for the proceedings of the European Conference on Climate Change, Copenhagen, Denmark, 6-10 Sep 1993; PBD: Oct 1993
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; AEROSOLS; REFLECTION; SOLAR RADIATION; CLIMATIC CHANGE; EUROPE; GREENHOUSE EFFECT; SOLAR FLUX; CLIMATE MODELS; 540120; CHEMICALS MONITORING AND TRANSPORT
OSTI ID:
10115931
Research Organizations:
Netherlands Energy Research Foundation (ECN), Petten (Netherlands)
Country of Origin:
Netherlands
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE94729808; TRN: NL93E0920
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS; Available from the library of the Netherlands Energy Research Foundation (ECN), P.O. Box 1, 1755 ZG Petten (Netherlands)
Submitting Site:
ECN
Size:
12 p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Ten Brink, H M. Reduction of solar radiation by manmade aerosol. Netherlands: N. p., 1993. Web.
Ten Brink, H M. Reduction of solar radiation by manmade aerosol. Netherlands.
Ten Brink, H M. 1993. "Reduction of solar radiation by manmade aerosol." Netherlands.
@misc{etde_10115931,
title = {Reduction of solar radiation by manmade aerosol}
author = {Ten Brink, H M}
abstractNote = {The amount of solar radiation reaching the earth is reduced by reflection of the light on (manmade) aerosol particles. This effect presents the major uncertainty in quantifying climate change by the increase in greenhouse gas emissions. The dominant reason for the uncertainty is the localized character of aerosol. It is the aim of the present study to quantify the effect of anthropogenic aerosol on the local climate in Europe. This is realized along three interconnected approaches. First, empirical factors stemming from measurements in the US and used in the present estimates of the reflection of solar radiation by anthropogenic aerosol are checked for their validity in the European domain. Secondly, historical data on solar flux in Europe are related to the historic trend in aerosol loading. Finally, a sophisticated aerosol and cloud (radiation) module is developed for incorporation in a climate model. The radiation module uses aerosol characteristics as measured in the field and is validated via solar radiation measurements. Since the study recently started only preliminary results are reported. 1 fig., 13 refs.}
place = {Netherlands}
year = {1993}
month = {Oct}
}