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Study on the environment of passive solar schoolrooms (II)

Technical Report:

Abstract

The present study has investigated various problems with the classroom in the existing elementary and (junior) high school buildings from the point of indoor environment, and made some suggestions for possible solutions. Following the oil crisis in 1979, there have been surge of movements by the government in Korea to conserve petroleum-based energy in every sector of society. One of these movements was the application of passive solar technologies into the construction of school buildings. Various passive designs are developed paying special regard to architectural and climatic factors. Apart from the configurations of 1980 and 1982, the passive design proposed by KIER in 1987 locates the hallway on the south side of the building so that it could be used as an attached sun space for each classroom. Temperature variations of the interior(classroom and corridor) are simulated with a well-known numerical procedure for three different classroom models aforementioned. The conventional school building design, which locates the hallway on the north side of the classroom, has proven to be very ineffective for indoor light control. Especially, glares and dark spots on the work plane as well as nonuniform illuminance on the chalk board were causing undesirable visual effects for the students.  More>>
Authors:
Lim, S H; Chun, W G; Yoon, J H; Lee, N H; Won, S H; Kang, Y H; Jeon, M S; Yu, C K; Yun, H K; Kwak, H Y; Boo, J H [1] 
  1. Korea Institute of Energy Research, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)
Publication Date:
Dec 01, 1993
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
KE-93011G
Reference Number:
SCA: 320106; PA: KR-94:000144; EDB-95:028920; SN: 95001335460
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Dec 1993
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; SCHOOL BUILDINGS; PASSIVE SOLAR HEATING SYSTEMS; ENVIRONMENT; NUMERICAL ANALYSIS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; ENERGY CONSERVATION; 320106; BUILDING EQUIPMENT
OSTI ID:
10115783
Research Organizations:
No corporate text available (Country unknown/Code not available)
Country of Origin:
Korea, Republic of
Language:
Korean
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE95744272; TRN: KR9400144
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS (US Sales Only)
Submitting Site:
KR
Size:
107 p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Lim, S H, Chun, W G, Yoon, J H, Lee, N H, Won, S H, Kang, Y H, Jeon, M S, Yu, C K, Yun, H K, Kwak, H Y, and Boo, J H. Study on the environment of passive solar schoolrooms (II). Korea, Republic of: N. p., 1993. Web.
Lim, S H, Chun, W G, Yoon, J H, Lee, N H, Won, S H, Kang, Y H, Jeon, M S, Yu, C K, Yun, H K, Kwak, H Y, & Boo, J H. Study on the environment of passive solar schoolrooms (II). Korea, Republic of.
Lim, S H, Chun, W G, Yoon, J H, Lee, N H, Won, S H, Kang, Y H, Jeon, M S, Yu, C K, Yun, H K, Kwak, H Y, and Boo, J H. 1993. "Study on the environment of passive solar schoolrooms (II)." Korea, Republic of.
@misc{etde_10115783,
title = {Study on the environment of passive solar schoolrooms (II)}
author = {Lim, S H, Chun, W G, Yoon, J H, Lee, N H, Won, S H, Kang, Y H, Jeon, M S, Yu, C K, Yun, H K, Kwak, H Y, and Boo, J H}
abstractNote = {The present study has investigated various problems with the classroom in the existing elementary and (junior) high school buildings from the point of indoor environment, and made some suggestions for possible solutions. Following the oil crisis in 1979, there have been surge of movements by the government in Korea to conserve petroleum-based energy in every sector of society. One of these movements was the application of passive solar technologies into the construction of school buildings. Various passive designs are developed paying special regard to architectural and climatic factors. Apart from the configurations of 1980 and 1982, the passive design proposed by KIER in 1987 locates the hallway on the south side of the building so that it could be used as an attached sun space for each classroom. Temperature variations of the interior(classroom and corridor) are simulated with a well-known numerical procedure for three different classroom models aforementioned. The conventional school building design, which locates the hallway on the north side of the classroom, has proven to be very ineffective for indoor light control. Especially, glares and dark spots on the work plane as well as nonuniform illuminance on the chalk board were causing undesirable visual effects for the students. The present study has revealed that the thermal performance of the 1987 model with attached sun space could become most efficient, which is yet to be verified by actual measurements. To carry out numerical analysis, the Eulerian method is used with some restrictions on the time step. Especially, the solutions of the 1982 model with iron plate have shown sensitiveness with time steps. The simulated results obtained are based on the physical properties given in ASHRAE Handbook. (author). refs., figs., tabs.}
place = {Korea, Republic of}
year = {1993}
month = {Dec}
}