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Heat cost allocation in Finland; Huoneistokohtainen laemmitysenergian mittaus ja laskutus

Technical Report:

Abstract

This study examines the possibilities to share the heating costs in a fair way in dwellings equipped with water circulated central heating. This study presents the most common principles of heat cost allocation, the legislation and commercial equipment used in Central Europe. It is clear that heat cost allocation, information and higher prices decrease the consumption, but the references used in the study could not prove exactly, how great an influence the heat cost allocation has on the heat consumption. Not all the cheapest methods of heat cost allocation will work with a proper accuracy in those low temperature levels used typically in Finnish buildings. None of the radiators installed before 1994 have been tested in laboratory according to the standards. The fair allocation of heating costs requires compensation of different location and direction of the dwellings and also heat transmission between the dwellings at different indoor temperatures. The systems which can take those factors into account are far too expensive for profitable metering (orig.)
Authors:
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1994
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
KTM/E-D-202
Reference Number:
SCA: 320106; PA: FI-95:003059; EDB-95:028911; SN: 95001320411
Resource Relation:
Other Information: DN: TERMO - District heating research programme; PBD: 1994
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS; SPACE HEATING; MEASURING METHODS; ENERGY ACCOUNTING; LEGISLATION; MEASURING INSTRUMENTS; ENERGY CONSERVATION; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; 320106; BUILDING EQUIPMENT
OSTI ID:
10115104
Research Organizations:
Ministry of Trade and Industry, Helsinki (Finland). Energy Dept.
Country of Origin:
Finland
Language:
Finnish
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE95737598; CNN: Project KTM-TERMO-3.8; ISBN 951-47-8039-6; TRN: FI9503059
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS
Submitting Site:
FI
Size:
124 p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Kimari, R. Heat cost allocation in Finland; Huoneistokohtainen laemmitysenergian mittaus ja laskutus. Finland: N. p., 1994. Web.
Kimari, R. Heat cost allocation in Finland; Huoneistokohtainen laemmitysenergian mittaus ja laskutus. Finland.
Kimari, R. 1994. "Heat cost allocation in Finland; Huoneistokohtainen laemmitysenergian mittaus ja laskutus." Finland.
@misc{etde_10115104,
title = {Heat cost allocation in Finland; Huoneistokohtainen laemmitysenergian mittaus ja laskutus}
author = {Kimari, R}
abstractNote = {This study examines the possibilities to share the heating costs in a fair way in dwellings equipped with water circulated central heating. This study presents the most common principles of heat cost allocation, the legislation and commercial equipment used in Central Europe. It is clear that heat cost allocation, information and higher prices decrease the consumption, but the references used in the study could not prove exactly, how great an influence the heat cost allocation has on the heat consumption. Not all the cheapest methods of heat cost allocation will work with a proper accuracy in those low temperature levels used typically in Finnish buildings. None of the radiators installed before 1994 have been tested in laboratory according to the standards. The fair allocation of heating costs requires compensation of different location and direction of the dwellings and also heat transmission between the dwellings at different indoor temperatures. The systems which can take those factors into account are far too expensive for profitable metering (orig.)}
place = {Finland}
year = {1994}
month = {Dec}
}