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Evaluation of the prerequisites to adapt to the law on environmental charges on emission of nitrogen oxides in energy production at combustion plants producing 25-50 GWh/year; Utvaerdering av foerutsaettningarna foer foerbraenningsanlaeggningar (25-50 GWh/aar) att moeta lagen om miljoeavgift paa utslaepp av kvaeveoxider vid energiproduktion

Technical Report:

Abstract

Following the Swedish government decision of June 10th 1994, NO{sub x} fees will apply to production units with a utilised energy production of at least 25 GWh during one calendar year. This new law comes into effect in two steps with the new limit 40 GWh/year as of January 1 st 1996 and 25 GWh/year as of January 1 st 1997. As an consequence of this, a large number of small furnaces, 6-10 MW, will be facing new demands regarding measuring and reporting amount of emitted nitrogen oxides. The requirements are the same as for the plants already involved in the NO{sub x} fee system. The economical and practical abilities of these plants to meet the requirements are presently sparsely investigated and the trades concerned reports of widespread uncertainty. With the ambition to enlighten the matter, Vaermeforsk initiated the present study in May 1994. This subsequent report presents economical consequences for different plants concerned with the new fees, a presentation of available measuring instruments together with a cost/benefit analysis of such equipment. A suggested comparative study of the costs, availability and long-time operation of this equipment during the first year of operation is presented. It is suggested that 4-5 plants  More>>
Authors:
Baeckstroem, S; Harnevie, H [1] 
  1. Vattenfall Utveckling AB, Vaellingby (Sweden)
Publication Date:
Dec 01, 1994
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
SVF-O-97
Reference Number:
SCA: 290300; 293000; PA: SWD-95:007028; EDB-95:028686; SN: 95001320515
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Dec 1994
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; NITROGEN OXIDES; CHARGES; WOOD-FUEL POWER PLANTS; FOSSIL-FUEL POWER PLANTS; EMISSION; POWER GENERATION; AIR POLLUTION MONITORING; ON-LINE MEASUREMENT SYSTEMS; MEGAWATT POWER RANGE; TAXES; ECONOMICS; SWEDEN; 290300; 293000; ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH, AND SAFETY; POLICY, LEGISLATION, AND REGULATION
OSTI ID:
10114458
Research Organizations:
Stiftelsen foer Vaermeteknisk Forskning, Stockholm (Sweden)
Country of Origin:
Sweden
Language:
Swedish
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0283-2755; Other: ON: DE95737673; TRN: SE9507028
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS
Submitting Site:
SWD
Size:
24 p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Baeckstroem, S, and Harnevie, H. Evaluation of the prerequisites to adapt to the law on environmental charges on emission of nitrogen oxides in energy production at combustion plants producing 25-50 GWh/year; Utvaerdering av foerutsaettningarna foer foerbraenningsanlaeggningar (25-50 GWh/aar) att moeta lagen om miljoeavgift paa utslaepp av kvaeveoxider vid energiproduktion. Sweden: N. p., 1994. Web.
Baeckstroem, S, & Harnevie, H. Evaluation of the prerequisites to adapt to the law on environmental charges on emission of nitrogen oxides in energy production at combustion plants producing 25-50 GWh/year; Utvaerdering av foerutsaettningarna foer foerbraenningsanlaeggningar (25-50 GWh/aar) att moeta lagen om miljoeavgift paa utslaepp av kvaeveoxider vid energiproduktion. Sweden.
Baeckstroem, S, and Harnevie, H. 1994. "Evaluation of the prerequisites to adapt to the law on environmental charges on emission of nitrogen oxides in energy production at combustion plants producing 25-50 GWh/year; Utvaerdering av foerutsaettningarna foer foerbraenningsanlaeggningar (25-50 GWh/aar) att moeta lagen om miljoeavgift paa utslaepp av kvaeveoxider vid energiproduktion." Sweden.
@misc{etde_10114458,
title = {Evaluation of the prerequisites to adapt to the law on environmental charges on emission of nitrogen oxides in energy production at combustion plants producing 25-50 GWh/year; Utvaerdering av foerutsaettningarna foer foerbraenningsanlaeggningar (25-50 GWh/aar) att moeta lagen om miljoeavgift paa utslaepp av kvaeveoxider vid energiproduktion}
author = {Baeckstroem, S, and Harnevie, H}
abstractNote = {Following the Swedish government decision of June 10th 1994, NO{sub x} fees will apply to production units with a utilised energy production of at least 25 GWh during one calendar year. This new law comes into effect in two steps with the new limit 40 GWh/year as of January 1 st 1996 and 25 GWh/year as of January 1 st 1997. As an consequence of this, a large number of small furnaces, 6-10 MW, will be facing new demands regarding measuring and reporting amount of emitted nitrogen oxides. The requirements are the same as for the plants already involved in the NO{sub x} fee system. The economical and practical abilities of these plants to meet the requirements are presently sparsely investigated and the trades concerned reports of widespread uncertainty. With the ambition to enlighten the matter, Vaermeforsk initiated the present study in May 1994. This subsequent report presents economical consequences for different plants concerned with the new fees, a presentation of available measuring instruments together with a cost/benefit analysis of such equipment. A suggested comparative study of the costs, availability and long-time operation of this equipment during the first year of operation is presented. It is suggested that 4-5 plants will be equipped with different measuring techniques and enrolled in the project. The suggested plants are 2-3 oil/gas fired together with 2 bio fired combustion plants. The plants will be equipped with 2 electrochemical measurement systems and 2 `stripped` versions of more established techniques. As a fit measuring system could an equipment able to continuously determine the NO{sub x} level from general running parameters (such as temperature, O{sub 2} concentration, the condition of the combustion air) be in rolled. 12 refs, 3 tabs}
place = {Sweden}
year = {1994}
month = {Dec}
}