## Abstract

We investigate the ultra-violet behavior of non-compact lattice QED with light staggered fermions. The main question is whether QED is a non-trivial theory in the continuum limit, and if not, what is its range of validity as a low-energy theory. Perhaps the limited range of validity could offer an explanation of why the fine-structure constant is so small. Non-compact QED undergoes a second order chiral phase transition at strong coupling, at which the continuum limit can be taken. We examine the phase diagram and the critical behavior of the theory in detail. Moreover, we address the question as to whether QED confines in the chirally broken phase. This is done by investigating the potential between static external charges. We then compute the renormalized charge and derive the Callan-Symanzik {beta} function in the critical region. No ultra-violet stable zero is found. Instead, we find that the evolution of charge is well described by renormalized perturbation theory, and that the renormalized charge vanishes at the critical point. The consequence is that QED can only be regarded as a cut-off theory. Next, we compute the masses of fermion-antifermion composite states. The scaling behavior of these masses is well described by an effective action
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Goeckeler, M;
Horsley, R;

^{[1] }Rakow, P;^{[2] }Schierholz, G;^{[3] }Sommer, R^{[4] }- Technische Hochschule Aachen (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik
- Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik
- Hoechstleistungsrechenzentrum (HLRZ), Juelich (Germany). Gruppe Theorie der Elementarteilchen
- European Organization for Nuclear Research, Geneva (Switzerland)

## Citation Formats

Goeckeler, M, Horsley, R, Rakow, P, Schierholz, G, and Sommer, R.
Scaling laws, renormalization group flow and the continuum limit in non-compact lattice QED.
Germany: N. p.,
1991.
Web.

Goeckeler, M, Horsley, R, Rakow, P, Schierholz, G, & Sommer, R.
Scaling laws, renormalization group flow and the continuum limit in non-compact lattice QED.
Germany.

Goeckeler, M, Horsley, R, Rakow, P, Schierholz, G, and Sommer, R.
1991.
"Scaling laws, renormalization group flow and the continuum limit in non-compact lattice QED."
Germany.

@misc{etde_10114378,

title = {Scaling laws, renormalization group flow and the continuum limit in non-compact lattice QED}

author = {Goeckeler, M, Horsley, R, Rakow, P, Schierholz, G, and Sommer, R}

abstractNote = {We investigate the ultra-violet behavior of non-compact lattice QED with light staggered fermions. The main question is whether QED is a non-trivial theory in the continuum limit, and if not, what is its range of validity as a low-energy theory. Perhaps the limited range of validity could offer an explanation of why the fine-structure constant is so small. Non-compact QED undergoes a second order chiral phase transition at strong coupling, at which the continuum limit can be taken. We examine the phase diagram and the critical behavior of the theory in detail. Moreover, we address the question as to whether QED confines in the chirally broken phase. This is done by investigating the potential between static external charges. We then compute the renormalized charge and derive the Callan-Symanzik {beta} function in the critical region. No ultra-violet stable zero is found. Instead, we find that the evolution of charge is well described by renormalized perturbation theory, and that the renormalized charge vanishes at the critical point. The consequence is that QED can only be regarded as a cut-off theory. Next, we compute the masses of fermion-antifermion composite states. The scaling behavior of these masses is well described by an effective action with mean field critical exponents plus logarithmic corrections. This indicates that also the matter sector of the theory is non-interacting. Finally, we investigate and compare the renormalization group flow of different quantities. Altogether, we find that QED is a valid theory only for small renormalized charges. (orig.).}

place = {Germany}

year = {1991}

month = {Sep}

}

title = {Scaling laws, renormalization group flow and the continuum limit in non-compact lattice QED}

author = {Goeckeler, M, Horsley, R, Rakow, P, Schierholz, G, and Sommer, R}

abstractNote = {We investigate the ultra-violet behavior of non-compact lattice QED with light staggered fermions. The main question is whether QED is a non-trivial theory in the continuum limit, and if not, what is its range of validity as a low-energy theory. Perhaps the limited range of validity could offer an explanation of why the fine-structure constant is so small. Non-compact QED undergoes a second order chiral phase transition at strong coupling, at which the continuum limit can be taken. We examine the phase diagram and the critical behavior of the theory in detail. Moreover, we address the question as to whether QED confines in the chirally broken phase. This is done by investigating the potential between static external charges. We then compute the renormalized charge and derive the Callan-Symanzik {beta} function in the critical region. No ultra-violet stable zero is found. Instead, we find that the evolution of charge is well described by renormalized perturbation theory, and that the renormalized charge vanishes at the critical point. The consequence is that QED can only be regarded as a cut-off theory. Next, we compute the masses of fermion-antifermion composite states. The scaling behavior of these masses is well described by an effective action with mean field critical exponents plus logarithmic corrections. This indicates that also the matter sector of the theory is non-interacting. Finally, we investigate and compare the renormalization group flow of different quantities. Altogether, we find that QED is a valid theory only for small renormalized charges. (orig.).}

place = {Germany}

year = {1991}

month = {Sep}

}