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Investigation of FTIR-spectrometry for stack gas analysis, Stage 2; Undersoekning av FTIR-teknik foer roekgasanalys, Etapp 2

Technical Report:

Abstract

The objective of the project was to investigate the usefulness of FTIR (Fourier Transform InfraRed) absorption spectrometry for analysis of flue gas components. By means of a constructed apparatus for preparation of synthetic flue gas mixtures and a FTIR-spectrometer, infrared absorption spectrums of typical flue gas components/mixtures were recorded. A comparison of the IR-absorption spectrum of the different flue gas components, showed that only the components carbon dioxide and water had absorption at selective substance specific wave numbers. The absorption spectrum of all other flue gas components had interference from either water or carbon dioxide. However this interference could be reduced considerably by using spectrum subtraction or multivariate calibration with PLS (Partial Least Squares). Investigation of the relationship absorbency (at discrete wavenumbers) versus concentration of the different flue gas components, showed a nonlinear relationship for many substances. The limiting factor at which accuracy and sensitivity the respective flue gas components could be analysed, is in most cases depending on the water concentration in the sample. The FTIR-method can also with advantage be used for the analysis of hydrocarbons in the flue gas, eg methane and ethene. By optimization of the wave number resolution, type of radiation source, measuring path length  More>>
Authors:
Rudling, L [1] 
  1. Studsvik Energy, Nykoeping (Sweden)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1992
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
SVF-444
Reference Number:
SCA: 540120; 400102; PA: SWD-92:007287; SN: 93000918372
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Jul 1992
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; GAS ANALYSIS; FOURIER TRANSFORM SPECTROMETERS; FLUE GAS; CARBON OXIDES; NITROGEN OXIDES; SULFUR OXIDES; AMMONIA; AIR POLLUTION MONITORING; STACK DISPOSAL; BENCH-SCALE EXPERIMENTS; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; INFRARED SPECTROMETERS; 540120; 400102; CHEMICALS MONITORING AND TRANSPORT; CHEMICAL AND SPECTRAL PROCEDURES
OSTI ID:
10113705
Research Organizations:
Stiftelsen foer Vaermeteknisk Forskning, Stockholm (Sweden)
Country of Origin:
Sweden
Language:
Swedish
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE93753061; TRN: SE9207287
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS
Submitting Site:
SWD
Size:
146 p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Rudling, L. Investigation of FTIR-spectrometry for stack gas analysis, Stage 2; Undersoekning av FTIR-teknik foer roekgasanalys, Etapp 2. Sweden: N. p., 1992. Web.
Rudling, L. Investigation of FTIR-spectrometry for stack gas analysis, Stage 2; Undersoekning av FTIR-teknik foer roekgasanalys, Etapp 2. Sweden.
Rudling, L. 1992. "Investigation of FTIR-spectrometry for stack gas analysis, Stage 2; Undersoekning av FTIR-teknik foer roekgasanalys, Etapp 2." Sweden.
@misc{etde_10113705,
title = {Investigation of FTIR-spectrometry for stack gas analysis, Stage 2; Undersoekning av FTIR-teknik foer roekgasanalys, Etapp 2}
author = {Rudling, L}
abstractNote = {The objective of the project was to investigate the usefulness of FTIR (Fourier Transform InfraRed) absorption spectrometry for analysis of flue gas components. By means of a constructed apparatus for preparation of synthetic flue gas mixtures and a FTIR-spectrometer, infrared absorption spectrums of typical flue gas components/mixtures were recorded. A comparison of the IR-absorption spectrum of the different flue gas components, showed that only the components carbon dioxide and water had absorption at selective substance specific wave numbers. The absorption spectrum of all other flue gas components had interference from either water or carbon dioxide. However this interference could be reduced considerably by using spectrum subtraction or multivariate calibration with PLS (Partial Least Squares). Investigation of the relationship absorbency (at discrete wavenumbers) versus concentration of the different flue gas components, showed a nonlinear relationship for many substances. The limiting factor at which accuracy and sensitivity the respective flue gas components could be analysed, is in most cases depending on the water concentration in the sample. The FTIR-method can also with advantage be used for the analysis of hydrocarbons in the flue gas, eg methane and ethene. By optimization of the wave number resolution, type of radiation source, measuring path length and time and type of detector, the given detection limits can be improved considerably. In conclusion, the results of this investigation demonstrate that FTIR-absorption spectrometry is a very useful method for the analysis of different flue gas components. (au) (18 refs., 44 figs.).}
place = {Sweden}
year = {1992}
month = {Jul}
}