You need JavaScript to view this

Peat production and utilization for horticultural and chemical purposes in Finland

Technical Report:

Abstract

In Finland, approximately one million cubic meters of peat is utilized annually for non-energy purposes. At the moment the main forms of peat use are horticultural and growing purposes. Nearly one half of production has been exported. The utilization of peat for environmental purposes is increasing, and the production of biological active compounds and mixtures also seems to be attractive. Before reaching the actual fuel peat layer a great deal of light, weakly decomposed surface peat has to be removed or produced. This material may be refined for soil improvement and sorbent purposes, litter, and compost. Peat can be processed to produce chemicals in a thermochemical and biochemical manner. There are very many substances, compounds, and materials that can be produced from peat (Allread 1990). In Finland peat coke, fuel, and synthetic gas have been made on an industrial scale. Research and bench-scale development has been carried out since the 1940`s by VTT and several universities (Helsinki, Turku, Jyvaeskylae, Joensuu). Thermochemical processes were studied extensively up until the end of last decade. At the moment, interest is focused on studies of peat biochemical and biological conversion processes and on the utilization of the separate fractions and compounds of peat produced  More>>
Authors:
Jaervinen, T; Haenninen, K [1] 
  1. Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo (Finland). Combustion and Thermal Engineering Lab.
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1992
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
VTT-TIED-1369
Reference Number:
SCA: 010600; 010404; 010500; PA: FI-92:003438; SN: 93000918047
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1992
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; PEAT; CARBONIZATION; GASIFICATION; HARVESTING; HORTICULTURE; COMMERCIALIZATION; CHEMISTRY; BY-PRODUCTS; 010600; 010404; 010500; PROPERTIES AND COMPOSITION; PRODUCTS AND BY-PRODUCTS
OSTI ID:
10111567
Research Organizations:
Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo (Finland)
Country of Origin:
Finland
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE93752865; ISBN 951-38-4182-0; TRN: FI9203438
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS
Submitting Site:
FI
Size:
36 p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Jaervinen, T, and Haenninen, K. Peat production and utilization for horticultural and chemical purposes in Finland. Finland: N. p., 1992. Web.
Jaervinen, T, & Haenninen, K. Peat production and utilization for horticultural and chemical purposes in Finland. Finland.
Jaervinen, T, and Haenninen, K. 1992. "Peat production and utilization for horticultural and chemical purposes in Finland." Finland.
@misc{etde_10111567,
title = {Peat production and utilization for horticultural and chemical purposes in Finland}
author = {Jaervinen, T, and Haenninen, K}
abstractNote = {In Finland, approximately one million cubic meters of peat is utilized annually for non-energy purposes. At the moment the main forms of peat use are horticultural and growing purposes. Nearly one half of production has been exported. The utilization of peat for environmental purposes is increasing, and the production of biological active compounds and mixtures also seems to be attractive. Before reaching the actual fuel peat layer a great deal of light, weakly decomposed surface peat has to be removed or produced. This material may be refined for soil improvement and sorbent purposes, litter, and compost. Peat can be processed to produce chemicals in a thermochemical and biochemical manner. There are very many substances, compounds, and materials that can be produced from peat (Allread 1990). In Finland peat coke, fuel, and synthetic gas have been made on an industrial scale. Research and bench-scale development has been carried out since the 1940`s by VTT and several universities (Helsinki, Turku, Jyvaeskylae, Joensuu). Thermochemical processes were studied extensively up until the end of last decade. At the moment, interest is focused on studies of peat biochemical and biological conversion processes and on the utilization of the separate fractions and compounds of peat produced with solvent extraction.}
place = {Finland}
year = {1992}
month = {Dec}
}