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Multipurpose nuclear process heat for energy supply in Brazil

Technical Report:

Abstract

The industrialized nations require 75% of the energy as heat and it is likely that developing countries in the course of industrialization will show a comparable energy consumption structure. The High Temperature Reactor (HTR) allows the utilization of nuclear energy at high temperatures as process heat. In the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) the development in the relevant technical areas is well advanced and warrants investigation as a matter for transfer to Brazil. In Brazil nuclear process heat finds possible applications in steel making, shale oil extraction, petroleum refining, and in the more distant future coal gasification with distribution networks. Based on growth forecasts for these industries a theoretical potential market of 38-53 GW (th) can be identified. At present nuclear process heat is marginally more expensive than conventional fossil technologies but the anticipated development is expected to add an economic incentive to the emerging necessity of providing a sound energy base in the developing countries. (author).
Publication Date:
Nov 01, 1978
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
IEA-PUB-519
Reference Number:
SCA: 210300; 210900; PA: AIX-24:002542; SN: 93000913303
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Nov 1978
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; PROCESS HEAT REACTORS; ENERGY SUPPLIES; BRAZIL; COAL GASIFICATION; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY; POWER DEMAND; PROCESS HEAT; REFINING; SHALE OIL; STEELS; 210300; 210900; POWER REACTORS, NONBREEDING, GRAPHITE MODERATED
OSTI ID:
10110180
Research Organizations:
Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)
Country of Origin:
Brazil
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE93609477; TRN: BR9230435002542
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS (US Sales Only); INIS
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
[17] p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Hansen, U, Inden, P, Oesterwind, D, Hukai, R Y, Pessine, R T, Pieroni, R R, and Visoni, E. Multipurpose nuclear process heat for energy supply in Brazil. Brazil: N. p., 1978. Web.
Hansen, U, Inden, P, Oesterwind, D, Hukai, R Y, Pessine, R T, Pieroni, R R, & Visoni, E. Multipurpose nuclear process heat for energy supply in Brazil. Brazil.
Hansen, U, Inden, P, Oesterwind, D, Hukai, R Y, Pessine, R T, Pieroni, R R, and Visoni, E. 1978. "Multipurpose nuclear process heat for energy supply in Brazil." Brazil.
@misc{etde_10110180,
title = {Multipurpose nuclear process heat for energy supply in Brazil}
author = {Hansen, U, Inden, P, Oesterwind, D, Hukai, R Y, Pessine, R T, Pieroni, R R, and Visoni, E}
abstractNote = {The industrialized nations require 75% of the energy as heat and it is likely that developing countries in the course of industrialization will show a comparable energy consumption structure. The High Temperature Reactor (HTR) allows the utilization of nuclear energy at high temperatures as process heat. In the Federal Republic of Germany (FRG) the development in the relevant technical areas is well advanced and warrants investigation as a matter for transfer to Brazil. In Brazil nuclear process heat finds possible applications in steel making, shale oil extraction, petroleum refining, and in the more distant future coal gasification with distribution networks. Based on growth forecasts for these industries a theoretical potential market of 38-53 GW (th) can be identified. At present nuclear process heat is marginally more expensive than conventional fossil technologies but the anticipated development is expected to add an economic incentive to the emerging necessity of providing a sound energy base in the developing countries. (author).}
place = {Brazil}
year = {1978}
month = {Nov}
}