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Incineration of actinide targets in a pressurized water reactor spin project

Technical Report:

Abstract

The ability of Pressurized Water Reactors (PWR) with uranium fuel to limit the inventory growth of minor actinides (237 neptunium, and americium) produced by the French nuclear powerplants is studied. Targets containing an actinide oxide mixed to an inert matrix are loaded in some reactors. After being irradiated along with the fuel, the target is specially reprocessed. The remaining actinide and the plutonium which is produced, added to fresh actinide, are recycled in new targets. The radiotoxicity balance, with and without incineration, is examined considering that only the losses coming from the target reprocessing treated as waste. A scenario arbitrarily based on 18 years of operation results in a reduction of the radiotoxicity of the waste by a factor between 10 and 20, depending on the actinide considered. 6 refs., 6 figs., 6 tabs.
Authors:
Puill, A; Bergeron, J [1] 
  1. CEA Centre d`Etudes de Saclay, 91 - Gif-sur-Yvette (France). Dept. de Mecanique et de Technologie
Publication Date:
Dec 01, 1993
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
CEA-CONF-11604; CONF-930913-
Reference Number:
SCA: 210200; PA: AIX-25:003311; EDB-94:012308; ERA-19:003553; NTS-94:014073; SN: 93001120597
Resource Relation:
Conference: Global `93: future nuclear systems - emerging fuel cycles and waste disposal options,Seattle, WA (United States),12-17 Sep 1993; Other Information: PBD: 1993
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; ACTINIDES; TRANSMUTATION; PWR TYPE REACTORS; ACTINIDE BURNER REACTORS; AMERICIUM; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; NEPTUNIUM 237; PARAMETRIC ANALYSIS; 210200; POWER REACTORS, NONBREEDING, LIGHT-WATER MODERATED, NONBOILING WATER COOLED
OSTI ID:
10109642
Research Organizations:
CEA Centre d`Etudes de Cadarache, 13 - Saint-Paul-lez-Durance (France). Direction des Reacteurs Nucleaires
Country of Origin:
France
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE94609256; TRN: FR9303872003311
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS (US Sales Only); INIS
Submitting Site:
FRN
Size:
8 p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Puill, A, and Bergeron, J. Incineration of actinide targets in a pressurized water reactor spin project. France: N. p., 1993. Web.
Puill, A, & Bergeron, J. Incineration of actinide targets in a pressurized water reactor spin project. France.
Puill, A, and Bergeron, J. 1993. "Incineration of actinide targets in a pressurized water reactor spin project." France.
@misc{etde_10109642,
title = {Incineration of actinide targets in a pressurized water reactor spin project}
author = {Puill, A, and Bergeron, J}
abstractNote = {The ability of Pressurized Water Reactors (PWR) with uranium fuel to limit the inventory growth of minor actinides (237 neptunium, and americium) produced by the French nuclear powerplants is studied. Targets containing an actinide oxide mixed to an inert matrix are loaded in some reactors. After being irradiated along with the fuel, the target is specially reprocessed. The remaining actinide and the plutonium which is produced, added to fresh actinide, are recycled in new targets. The radiotoxicity balance, with and without incineration, is examined considering that only the losses coming from the target reprocessing treated as waste. A scenario arbitrarily based on 18 years of operation results in a reduction of the radiotoxicity of the waste by a factor between 10 and 20, depending on the actinide considered. 6 refs., 6 figs., 6 tabs.}
place = {France}
year = {1993}
month = {Dec}
}