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Fusion gain due to high energy ions accelerated by additional heating

Technical Report:

Abstract

In order to investigate a gain of fusion reaction caused by high energy ions, the ICRF wave propagation equation and the Fokker-Planck equation with the effects of particle acceleration due to the rf-electric field are numerically analyzed in a self-consistent manner. In the ICRF and NBI heated plasmas, the input power dependences of fusion output power of D-D, D-{sup 3}He and D-T reactions are calculated and compared with each other. As for the ICRF heating conditions, the higher harmonic resonance up to the third one and phase control of antenna currents are taken into account. To optimize the NBI heating condition on a fusion reaction, the beam energy needs to be exceeded the energy where the fusion cross section is maximum. In the case of ICRF heating, fast ions are accelerated beyond the several MeV by the velocity diffusion coefficient due to rf-electric field in the Fokker-Planck equation. The ICRF heating condition does not affect the fusion output so seriously from this standpoint. As for the D-D reaction, however, the third harmonic resonance heating is more effective than the second one. Because, the fusion cross-section of D-D reaction has a maximum value at high energy range (3 {approx} 4 MeV)  More>>
Authors:
Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka; Azumi, Masafumi; [1]  Fukuyama, Atsushi
  1. Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Naka, Ibaraki (Japan). Naka Fusion Research Establishment
Publication Date:
Oct 01, 1991
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
JAERI-M-91-156
Reference Number:
SCA: 700350; PA: JPN-91:011229; SN: 92000630645
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Oct 1991
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; THERMONUCLEAR REACTIONS; EFFICIENCY; ICR HEATING; BEAM INJECTION HEATING; FOKKER-PLANCK EQUATION; MEV RANGE 01-10; WAVE PROPAGATION; PERFORMANCE; COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS; THERMONUCLEAR REACTORS; 700350; PLASMA PRODUCTION, HEATING, CURRENT DRIVE, AND INTERACTIONS
OSTI ID:
10109083
Research Organizations:
Japan Atomic Energy Research Inst., Tokyo (Japan)
Country of Origin:
Japan
Language:
Japanese
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE92751038; TRN: JP9111229
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS (US Sales Only); INIS
Submitting Site:
JPN
Size:
21 p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka, Azumi, Masafumi, and Fukuyama, Atsushi. Fusion gain due to high energy ions accelerated by additional heating. Japan: N. p., 1991. Web.
Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka, Azumi, Masafumi, & Fukuyama, Atsushi. Fusion gain due to high energy ions accelerated by additional heating. Japan.
Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka, Azumi, Masafumi, and Fukuyama, Atsushi. 1991. "Fusion gain due to high energy ions accelerated by additional heating." Japan.
@misc{etde_10109083,
title = {Fusion gain due to high energy ions accelerated by additional heating}
author = {Hamamatsu, Kiyotaka, Azumi, Masafumi, and Fukuyama, Atsushi}
abstractNote = {In order to investigate a gain of fusion reaction caused by high energy ions, the ICRF wave propagation equation and the Fokker-Planck equation with the effects of particle acceleration due to the rf-electric field are numerically analyzed in a self-consistent manner. In the ICRF and NBI heated plasmas, the input power dependences of fusion output power of D-D, D-{sup 3}He and D-T reactions are calculated and compared with each other. As for the ICRF heating conditions, the higher harmonic resonance up to the third one and phase control of antenna currents are taken into account. To optimize the NBI heating condition on a fusion reaction, the beam energy needs to be exceeded the energy where the fusion cross section is maximum. In the case of ICRF heating, fast ions are accelerated beyond the several MeV by the velocity diffusion coefficient due to rf-electric field in the Fokker-Planck equation. The ICRF heating condition does not affect the fusion output so seriously from this standpoint. As for the D-D reaction, however, the third harmonic resonance heating is more effective than the second one. Because, the fusion cross-section of D-D reaction has a maximum value at high energy range (3 {approx} 4 MeV) and the third harmonic resonance heating accelerates higher energy particles than the second one. On the other hand, in order to avoid the direct power loss by electron Landau damping in the wave propagation process, the phase difference of antenna currents needs to be inphase. (author).}
place = {Japan}
year = {1991}
month = {Oct}
}