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Updated estimate of carbon balance on Russian territory

Abstract

The land use system in Russia changed considerably after 1990: 30.2 million ha of croplands were abandoned. Based on the own field investigations that were carried out in abandoned lands of different age (Luvic Phaeozems, deciduous forest zone; Moscow region, 54 deg 50' N, 37 deg 37' E), it has been shown that after 4.5 yr of abandonment, the former croplands acted as a stable sink of CO{sub 2}. The net ecosystem production (NEP) in the post-agrogenic ecosystems averaged 245 +- 73gCm-2 yr-1 for the first 15 yr after land use change that corresponds to an estimated 74 +- 22 Tg C yr-1 for the total area of abandoned lands in Russian Federation. Currently, the Russian territory acts as an absolute sink of atmospheric CO{sub 2} at a rate about 0.90 Pg C yr-1. Using three different approaches, it was demonstrated that after 1990, the carbon sequestration in Russian soils (0.20 cm layer) has averaged 34 +- 2.2 Tg C yr-1. This soil C forms net biome production (NBP) where carbon lifetime is much longer than in 'Kyoto forests'. Thus, the post-agrogenic ecosystems in Russia provide with the additional CO{sub 2} sink in NEP and NBP that could annually compensate  More>>
Publication Date:
Nov 15, 2010
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Tellus, Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology; Journal Volume: 62B; Journal Issue: 5; Conference: ICDC8: 8. international carbon dioxide conference, Jena (Germany), 09/13/2009--09/19/2009; Other Information: Conference Literature; 49 refs., 1 fig., 5 tabs.; 10.1111/J.1600-0889.2010.00467.X
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; CARBON DIOXIDE; ECOSYSTEMS; RUSSIAN FEDERATION; CARBON CYCLE; LAND USE
OSTI ID:
1010804
Country of Origin:
Sweden
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 0280-6509; TRN: SE1107072
Availability:
Available from DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1600-0889.2010.00467.x
Submitting Site:
SWD
Size:
page(s) 497-505
Announcement Date:
Apr 11, 2011

Citation Formats

Kurganova, I N, Kudeyarov, V N, and Gerenyu, V. O. Lopes de (Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems in Soil Science, RAS, Pushchino (Russian Federation)), e-mail: ikurg@mail.ru. Updated estimate of carbon balance on Russian territory. Sweden: N. p., 2010. Web. doi:10.1111/J.1600-0889.2010.00467.X.
Kurganova, I N, Kudeyarov, V N, & Gerenyu, V. O. Lopes de (Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems in Soil Science, RAS, Pushchino (Russian Federation)), e-mail: ikurg@mail.ru. Updated estimate of carbon balance on Russian territory. Sweden. doi:10.1111/J.1600-0889.2010.00467.X.
Kurganova, I N, Kudeyarov, V N, and Gerenyu, V. O. Lopes de (Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems in Soil Science, RAS, Pushchino (Russian Federation)), e-mail: ikurg@mail.ru. 2010. "Updated estimate of carbon balance on Russian territory." Sweden. doi:10.1111/J.1600-0889.2010.00467.X. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/10.1111/J.1600-0889.2010.00467.X.
@misc{etde_1010804,
title = {Updated estimate of carbon balance on Russian territory}
author = {Kurganova, I N, Kudeyarov, V N, and Gerenyu, V. O. Lopes de (Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems in Soil Science, RAS, Pushchino (Russian Federation)), e-mail: ikurg@mail.ru}
abstractNote = {The land use system in Russia changed considerably after 1990: 30.2 million ha of croplands were abandoned. Based on the own field investigations that were carried out in abandoned lands of different age (Luvic Phaeozems, deciduous forest zone; Moscow region, 54 deg 50' N, 37 deg 37' E), it has been shown that after 4.5 yr of abandonment, the former croplands acted as a stable sink of CO{sub 2}. The net ecosystem production (NEP) in the post-agrogenic ecosystems averaged 245 +- 73gCm-2 yr-1 for the first 15 yr after land use change that corresponds to an estimated 74 +- 22 Tg C yr-1 for the total area of abandoned lands in Russian Federation. Currently, the Russian territory acts as an absolute sink of atmospheric CO{sub 2} at a rate about 0.90 Pg C yr-1. Using three different approaches, it was demonstrated that after 1990, the carbon sequestration in Russian soils (0.20 cm layer) has averaged 34 +- 2.2 Tg C yr-1. This soil C forms net biome production (NBP) where carbon lifetime is much longer than in 'Kyoto forests'. Thus, the post-agrogenic ecosystems in Russia provide with the additional CO{sub 2} sink in NEP and NBP that could annually compensate about 25% of the current fossil fuel emissions in the Russian Federation}
doi = {10.1111/J.1600-0889.2010.00467.X}
journal = {Tellus, Series B: Chemical and Physical Meteorology}
issue = {5}
volume = {62B}
place = {Sweden}
year = {2010}
month = {Nov}
}