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Surveillance of Environmental Radiation in Finland. Annual Report 2009; Ympaeristoen saeteilyvalvonta Suomessa. Vuosiraportti 2009

Technical Report:

Abstract

The main goal of the surveillance of environmental radioactivity is to be always aware of levels of artificial radiation in the environment to which the public is exposed. Another goal is to detect all remarkable changes in levels of environmental radiation and radioactivity. Compliance with the basic safety standards laid down for protection of health of the general public against dangers arising from ionising radiation can be ensured with environmental radiation surveillance. Running of surveillance programmes on continuous basis also maintains and develops competence and readiness to ond to radiological emergencies. This report summarises the results of environmental radiation surveillance in 2009. The report also contains some comparisons with results from the previous years. Surveillance of environmental radiation contains surveillance of artificial radiation and artificial radioactive elements in the environment. Natural radiation and natural radioactive elements are not associated with the surveillance programme, although the greater part of the public exposure to radiation is caused by natural radiation. Exposure to natural radiation is controlled separately if there is reason to suspect, that natural radioactive elements cause unusual high exposure to the public (e.g. indoor radon and natural radionuclides in drinking water). Nuclear power plant licensees are responsible for environmental surveillance  More>>
Authors:
Mustonen, R [1] 
  1. ed.
Publication Date:
Dec 15, 2010
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
STUK-B-117
Subject:
61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; 54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES; FINLAND; RADIATION MONITORING; ENVIRONMENT; BALTIC SEA; DRINKING WATER; SURFACE WATERS; MILK; CONTAMINATION; AIR; FALLOUT DEPOSITS; FOOD; RADIATION PROTECTION; WASTE WATER; SLUDGES
OSTI ID:
1010745
Research Organizations:
Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority, Helsinki (Finland)
Country of Origin:
Finland
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISBN 978-952-478-572-3; ISBN 978-952-478-573-0; TRN: FI1104019
Availability:
Available in fulltext at http://www.stuk.fi/julkaisut_maaraykset/tiivistelmat/b_sarja/fi_FI/stuk-b117/ or as a paper copy from Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK), P.O.Box 14, FI-00881 Helsinki, Finland
Submitting Site:
FIN
Size:
71 p. pages
Announcement Date:
Apr 11, 2011

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Mustonen, R. Surveillance of Environmental Radiation in Finland. Annual Report 2009; Ympaeristoen saeteilyvalvonta Suomessa. Vuosiraportti 2009. Finland: N. p., 2010. Web.
Mustonen, R. Surveillance of Environmental Radiation in Finland. Annual Report 2009; Ympaeristoen saeteilyvalvonta Suomessa. Vuosiraportti 2009. Finland.
Mustonen, R. 2010. "Surveillance of Environmental Radiation in Finland. Annual Report 2009; Ympaeristoen saeteilyvalvonta Suomessa. Vuosiraportti 2009." Finland.
@misc{etde_1010745,
title = {Surveillance of Environmental Radiation in Finland. Annual Report 2009; Ympaeristoen saeteilyvalvonta Suomessa. Vuosiraportti 2009}
author = {Mustonen, R}
abstractNote = {The main goal of the surveillance of environmental radioactivity is to be always aware of levels of artificial radiation in the environment to which the public is exposed. Another goal is to detect all remarkable changes in levels of environmental radiation and radioactivity. Compliance with the basic safety standards laid down for protection of health of the general public against dangers arising from ionising radiation can be ensured with environmental radiation surveillance. Running of surveillance programmes on continuous basis also maintains and develops competence and readiness to ond to radiological emergencies. This report summarises the results of environmental radiation surveillance in 2009. The report also contains some comparisons with results from the previous years. Surveillance of environmental radiation contains surveillance of artificial radiation and artificial radioactive elements in the environment. Natural radiation and natural radioactive elements are not associated with the surveillance programme, although the greater part of the public exposure to radiation is caused by natural radiation. Exposure to natural radiation is controlled separately if there is reason to suspect, that natural radioactive elements cause unusual high exposure to the public (e.g. indoor radon and natural radionuclides in drinking water). Nuclear power plant licensees are responsible for environmental surveillance in the vicinity of nuclear power plants in Finland. Those results are reported elsewhere. Surveillance of environmental radioactivity in Finland is one of the official obligations of the Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK). This obligation is based on the national and the European Communities' legislation. The Finnish radiation protection legislation appoints STUK as the national authority responsible for surveillance of environmental radioactivity, and the Euratom Treaty assumes continuous monitoring of levels of radioactivity in the air, water and soil in the Member States. In Finland, also the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI) and the Defence Forces are monitoring environmental radiation at their own stations. STUK's partners in surveillance of environmental radioactivity are collecting and delivering environmental samples for laboratory analyses, or are participating in whole-body counting. STUK would like to express its gratitude to the following partners for the successful co-operation: Defence Forces, Finnish Meteorological Institute, Arctic Research Centre, Southeast Finland Regional Environment Centre, North Ostrobothnia Regional Environment Centre, Lapland Regional Environment Centre, Southeast Finland Frontier Guard District, Lapland Frontier Guard District, Rescue Centre of Kotka, Water supply plants of Oulu and Turku, Valio Ltd., Health Department of Helsinki/Maria Hospital, Tampere University Central Hospital, Lapland Central Hospital, Secondary school of Helsingin yhteislyseo, Secondary school of Hatanpaeae in Tampere, and Secondary school of Korkalovaara in Rovaniemi. This report is addressed to all who are interested in environmental radioactivity in Finland. STUK delivers monitoring data also to the European Commission on regular basis, and this report is a summary of the results delivered to the Commission. (orig.)}
place = {Finland}
year = {2010}
month = {Dec}
}