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Mobile phone use and risk of brain tumours

Technical Report:

Abstract

Mobile phone use has increased rapidly worldwide since the 1990's. As mobile telephones are used close to the head, the exposure to the radiofrequency radiation emitted by mobile phones has been suggested as a possible risk factor for brain tumours. The effect of mobile phone use on risk of brain tumours, particularly gliomas and meningiomas as well as acoustic neuromas, was evaluated using both a case-control approach and a meta-analysis. In addition, one of the most important sources of error in a case-control study, selection bias due to differential participation, was assessed in a subset of the case-control data. The risk of glioma and meningioma in relation to mobile phone use was investigated in population-based case-control studies conducted in five North European countries. All these countries used a common protocol and were included in a multinational study on mobile phone use and brain tumours, the INTERPHONE study, coordinated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Cases (1,521 gliomas and 1,209 meningiomas) were identified mostly from hospitals and controls (3,299) from national population registers or general practitioners' patient lists. Detailed history of mobile phone use was obtained in personal interviews. Mobile phone use was assessed using several exposure indicators,  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
May 15, 2010
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
STUK-A-246
Resource Relation:
Other Information: Numerical Data; Thesis or Dissertation; TH: Thesis (Ph.D.); 104 refs. Acta Electronica Universitatis Tamperensis 975. The thesis includes also 4 previous publications published elsewhere
Subject:
63 RADIATION, THERMAL, AND OTHER ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTANT EFFECTS ON LIVING ORGANISMS AND BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; 61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; TELEPHONES; HEAD; NEOPLASMS; RISK ASSESSMENT; HUMAN POPULATIONS; STATISTICAL DATA
OSTI ID:
1010742
Research Organizations:
Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority STUK, Helsinki (Finland); Univ. of Tampere (Finland)
Country of Origin:
Finland
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISBN 978-952-478-547-1; ISBN 978-952-478-548-8; ISBN 978-951-44-8126-0; TRN: FI1104016
Availability:
Available in fulltext at http://www.stuk.fi/julkaisut_maaraykset/tiivistelmat/a_sarja/en_GB/stuk-a246/ or as a paper copy from Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (STUK), P.O.Box 14, FI-00881 Helsinki, Finland
Submitting Site:
FIN
Size:
73 p. pages
Announcement Date:
Apr 11, 2011

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Lahkola, A. Mobile phone use and risk of brain tumours. Finland: N. p., 2010. Web.
Lahkola, A. Mobile phone use and risk of brain tumours. Finland.
Lahkola, A. 2010. "Mobile phone use and risk of brain tumours." Finland.
@misc{etde_1010742,
title = {Mobile phone use and risk of brain tumours}
author = {Lahkola, A}
abstractNote = {Mobile phone use has increased rapidly worldwide since the 1990's. As mobile telephones are used close to the head, the exposure to the radiofrequency radiation emitted by mobile phones has been suggested as a possible risk factor for brain tumours. The effect of mobile phone use on risk of brain tumours, particularly gliomas and meningiomas as well as acoustic neuromas, was evaluated using both a case-control approach and a meta-analysis. In addition, one of the most important sources of error in a case-control study, selection bias due to differential participation, was assessed in a subset of the case-control data. The risk of glioma and meningioma in relation to mobile phone use was investigated in population-based case-control studies conducted in five North European countries. All these countries used a common protocol and were included in a multinational study on mobile phone use and brain tumours, the INTERPHONE study, coordinated by the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Cases (1,521 gliomas and 1,209 meningiomas) were identified mostly from hospitals and controls (3,299) from national population registers or general practitioners' patient lists. Detailed history of mobile phone use was obtained in personal interviews. Mobile phone use was assessed using several exposure indicators, such as regular use (phone use at least once a week for at least six months), duration of use as well as cumulative number of hours and calls. To comprehensively evaluate the effect of mobile phone use on risk of brain tumours, the existing evidence from the epidemiological studies published on the issue was combined using meta-analysis. In the analysis, a pooled estimate was calculated for all brain tumours combined, and also separately for the three most common tumour types, glioma, meningioma and acoustic neuroma using inverse variance-weighted method. Pooled estimate was also obtained for different telephone types (NMT and GSM) and by the location of the tumour (same and opposite side of the head on which the phone was used). Possible selection bias due to differential participation by exposure status in the Finnish arm of the INTERPHONE study was evaluated by comparing mobile phone use between study participants and subjects who refused to participate in the study, but were willing to answer a short questionnaire covering only mobile phone use status and educational level. The data included 777 controls and 726 cases with full interview, as well as 321 controls and 103 cases responding only to the short questionnaire}
place = {Finland}
year = {2010}
month = {May}
}