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Nuclear safety culture in Finland and Sweden - Developments and challenges

Abstract

The project aimed at studying the concept of nuclear safety culture and the Nordic nuclear branch safety culture. The project also aimed at looking how the power companies and the regulators view the current responsibilities and role of subcontractors in the Nordic nuclear safety culture as well as to inspect the special demands for safety culture in subcontracting chains. Interview data was collected in Sweden (n = 14) and Finland (n = 16) during 2009. Interviewees represented the major actors in the nuclear field (regulators, power companies, expert organizations, waste management organizations). Results gave insight into the nature and evaluation of safety culture in the nuclear industry. Results illustrated that there is a wide variety of views on matters that are considered important for nuclear safety within the Nordic nuclear community. However, the interviewees considered quite uniformly such psychological states as motivation, mindfulness, sense of control, understanding of hazards and sense of responsibility as important for nuclear safety. Results also gave insight into the characteristics of Nordic nuclear culture. Various differences in safety cultures in Finland and Sweden were uncovered. In addition to the differences, historical reasons for the development of the nuclear safety cultures in Finland and Sweden were  More>>
Authors:
Reiman, T; Pietikaeinen, E; [1]  Kahlbom, U; [2]  Rollenhagen, C [3] 
  1. Technical Research Centre of Finland, VTT (Finland)
  2. RiskPilot AB (Sweden)
  3. Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) (Sweden)
Publication Date:
Feb 15, 2011
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
NKS-239
Resource Relation:
Other Information: NKS-R-MOSACA; 1 tab., 6 ills., 52 refs.
Subject:
22 GENERAL STUDIES OF NUCLEAR REACTORS; SAFETY CULTURE; NUCLEAR FACILITIES; MANAGEMENT; HUMAN FACTORS; FINNISH ORGANIZATIONS; SWEDISH ORGANIZATIONS; CONTRACTORS
OSTI ID:
1010726
Research Organizations:
Nordisk Kernesikkerhedsforskning, Roskilde (Denmark)
Country of Origin:
Denmark
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISBN 978-87-7893-311-9; TRN: DK1102017
Availability:
Also available at http://www.risoe.dtu.dk/rispubl/NKS/NKS-239.pdf; OSTI as DE01010726
Submitting Site:
DKN
Size:
64 p. pages
Announcement Date:
Apr 11, 2011

Citation Formats

Reiman, T, Pietikaeinen, E, Kahlbom, U, and Rollenhagen, C. Nuclear safety culture in Finland and Sweden - Developments and challenges. Denmark: N. p., 2011. Web.
Reiman, T, Pietikaeinen, E, Kahlbom, U, & Rollenhagen, C. Nuclear safety culture in Finland and Sweden - Developments and challenges. Denmark.
Reiman, T, Pietikaeinen, E, Kahlbom, U, and Rollenhagen, C. 2011. "Nuclear safety culture in Finland and Sweden - Developments and challenges." Denmark.
@misc{etde_1010726,
title = {Nuclear safety culture in Finland and Sweden - Developments and challenges}
author = {Reiman, T, Pietikaeinen, E, Kahlbom, U, and Rollenhagen, C}
abstractNote = {The project aimed at studying the concept of nuclear safety culture and the Nordic nuclear branch safety culture. The project also aimed at looking how the power companies and the regulators view the current responsibilities and role of subcontractors in the Nordic nuclear safety culture as well as to inspect the special demands for safety culture in subcontracting chains. Interview data was collected in Sweden (n = 14) and Finland (n = 16) during 2009. Interviewees represented the major actors in the nuclear field (regulators, power companies, expert organizations, waste management organizations). Results gave insight into the nature and evaluation of safety culture in the nuclear industry. Results illustrated that there is a wide variety of views on matters that are considered important for nuclear safety within the Nordic nuclear community. However, the interviewees considered quite uniformly such psychological states as motivation, mindfulness, sense of control, understanding of hazards and sense of responsibility as important for nuclear safety. Results also gave insight into the characteristics of Nordic nuclear culture. Various differences in safety cultures in Finland and Sweden were uncovered. In addition to the differences, historical reasons for the development of the nuclear safety cultures in Finland and Sweden were pointed out. Finally, results gave implications that on the one hand subcontractors can bring new ideas and improvements to the plants' practices, but on the other hand the assurance of necessary safety attitudes and competence of the subcontracting companies and their employees is considered as a challenge. The report concludes that a good safety culture requires a deep and wide understanding of nuclear safety including the various accident mechanisms of the power plants as well as a willingness to continuously develop one's competence and understanding. An effective and resilient nuclear safety culture has to foster a constant sense of unease that prevents complacency yet at the same time it has to foster a certain professional pride and a feeling of accomplishment to maintain work motivation and healthy occupational identity. The report gives several recommendations for further developing nuclear safety culture in Finland and Sweden. (Author)}
place = {Denmark}
year = {2011}
month = {Feb}
}