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Technology transfer between research laboratories and industry. Measurement and evaluation

Technical Report:

Abstract

The purpose of this study is to survey the existing literature on technology transfer, to present categorizations of the various technology transfer mechanisms, and to present criteria, indicators, and measures for the measurement of the effectiveness of technology transfer. The study focuses mainly on contract research and development projects, research and development consortia, and new technology-based companies. In technology transfer research, two main categories can be identified. The traditional approach has focused on technology transfer between industrialized and developing countries. This approach can be labelled as: `developing country oriented technology transfer research`. The modern approach to technology transfer research focuses on technology interchanges between various actors in the economy. This approach can be labelled as: `innovation oriented technology transfer research`. This present study belongs to the latter category. In measuring technology transfer, several factors affecting the transfer should be taken into account. These are, for example, research institute-oriented factors, industry-oriented factors, national technological infrastructure, and the nature and the maturity of the technology transferred. In addition, the dimensions of the ways to transfer technology should be taken into account. An important distinction in the context of technology transfer indicators is the distinction between input-output indicators and process indicators. It is  More>>
Authors:
Laamanen, T; Autio, E [1] 
  1. VTT, Espoo (Finland). Group of Technology Studies
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1993
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
VTT-TIED-1507
Reference Number:
SCA: 290500; PA: FI-95:003007; EDB-95:014113; SN: 95001301531
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1993
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; DEVELOPING COUNTRIES; DEVELOPED COUNTRIES; INDUSTRY; COOPERATION; EVALUATION; MEASURING METHODS; 290500; RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT, DEMONSTRATION, AND COMMERCIALIZATION
OSTI ID:
10106926
Research Organizations:
Technical Research Centre of Finland, Espoo (Finland)
Country of Origin:
Finland
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE95723872; ISBN 951-38-4441-2; TRN: FI9503007
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS
Submitting Site:
FI
Size:
89 p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Laamanen, T, and Autio, E. Technology transfer between research laboratories and industry. Measurement and evaluation. Finland: N. p., 1993. Web.
Laamanen, T, & Autio, E. Technology transfer between research laboratories and industry. Measurement and evaluation. Finland.
Laamanen, T, and Autio, E. 1993. "Technology transfer between research laboratories and industry. Measurement and evaluation." Finland.
@misc{etde_10106926,
title = {Technology transfer between research laboratories and industry. Measurement and evaluation}
author = {Laamanen, T, and Autio, E}
abstractNote = {The purpose of this study is to survey the existing literature on technology transfer, to present categorizations of the various technology transfer mechanisms, and to present criteria, indicators, and measures for the measurement of the effectiveness of technology transfer. The study focuses mainly on contract research and development projects, research and development consortia, and new technology-based companies. In technology transfer research, two main categories can be identified. The traditional approach has focused on technology transfer between industrialized and developing countries. This approach can be labelled as: `developing country oriented technology transfer research`. The modern approach to technology transfer research focuses on technology interchanges between various actors in the economy. This approach can be labelled as: `innovation oriented technology transfer research`. This present study belongs to the latter category. In measuring technology transfer, several factors affecting the transfer should be taken into account. These are, for example, research institute-oriented factors, industry-oriented factors, national technological infrastructure, and the nature and the maturity of the technology transferred. In addition, the dimensions of the ways to transfer technology should be taken into account. An important distinction in the context of technology transfer indicators is the distinction between input-output indicators and process indicators. It is argued that the traditional approach has tended to focus largely on input-output indicators. It is suggested that process indicators should be given increased attention. It is proposed that in the evaluation of research, the recent developments in innovation research should be taken into account}
place = {Finland}
year = {1993}
month = {Dec}
}