You need JavaScript to view this

Reduction of pollution through hydrogenation of carbon containing wastes. Second phase of project. Final report. Pt. 1. Text; Verminderung der Umweltbelastung durch Hydrierung kohlenstoffhaltiger Abfaelle. 2. Projektphase. Schlussbericht. T. 1. Text

Technical Report:

Abstract

Tests of many organic synthetic wastes during the first phase of the project showed, that these wastes can be transformed into valuable oils by hydrogenation (treatment with hydrogen at elevated temperatures and pressures). With increasing bottlenecks for other ways of disposal it was the target of the second phase of the project, to prove the possiblity of technical realization of hydrogenating liquefaction of organic synthetic wastes. A bench scale plant was used for that examination, consisting of a thermal pretreatment (visbreaking and dechlorination) and a hydrogenation part with a capacity of 10 kg/h. In continuous test runs, lasting up to two weeks, it was proved, that mixtures of high-boiling oil and waste plastics (portion of plastics up to 60% and partly more, portion of PVC up to 6%) largely can be convertet into liquid, chlorinefree hydrocarbons. An increase of the portion of plastics up to 100% seems to be technically realizable. The developed process is suitable to cycle plastics - especially from waste packing material - back as liquid material through ecologically beneficial hydrogenation. The step of thermal pretreatment needs additional optimizing. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die an zahlreichen organisch-synthetischen Abfaellen in der ersten Projektphase durchgefuehrten Untersuchungen zeigten, dass diese Abfaelle durch  More>>
Publication Date:
Nov 15, 1992
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
ETDE/DE-mf-95726971
Reference Number:
SCA: 320305; 320604; 400201; PA: DE-94:0GN647; EDB-95:014532; SN: 95001306336
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; 37 INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY; PVC; HYDRIDATION; WASTE PROCESSING; ORGANIC POLYMERS; RECYCLING; PYROLYSIS; POLLUTION ABATEMENT; ENVIRONMENTAL EXPOSURE; NONRADIOACTIVE WASTES; 320305; 320604; 400201; INDUSTRIAL WASTE MANAGEMENT; MUNICIPAL WASTE MANAGEMENT; CHEMICAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES
Sponsoring Organizations:
Bundesministerium fuer Forschung und Technologie, Bonn (Germany); Ministerium fuer Wirtschaft, Mittelstand und Technologie des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen, Duesseldorf (Germany)
OSTI ID:
10106709
Research Organizations:
RWE - Gesellschaft fuer Forschung und Entwicklung mbH, Wesseling (Germany)
Country of Origin:
Germany
Language:
German
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE95726971; CNN: Foerderkennzeichen BMFT 01ZH8912; TRN: DE94GN647
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS (US Sales Only)
Submitting Site:
DE
Size:
89 p.
Announcement Date:
Jan 24, 1995

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Rauser, G, and Jakubik, D. Reduction of pollution through hydrogenation of carbon containing wastes. Second phase of project. Final report. Pt. 1. Text; Verminderung der Umweltbelastung durch Hydrierung kohlenstoffhaltiger Abfaelle. 2. Projektphase. Schlussbericht. T. 1. Text. Germany: N. p., 1992. Web.
Rauser, G, & Jakubik, D. Reduction of pollution through hydrogenation of carbon containing wastes. Second phase of project. Final report. Pt. 1. Text; Verminderung der Umweltbelastung durch Hydrierung kohlenstoffhaltiger Abfaelle. 2. Projektphase. Schlussbericht. T. 1. Text. Germany.
Rauser, G, and Jakubik, D. 1992. "Reduction of pollution through hydrogenation of carbon containing wastes. Second phase of project. Final report. Pt. 1. Text; Verminderung der Umweltbelastung durch Hydrierung kohlenstoffhaltiger Abfaelle. 2. Projektphase. Schlussbericht. T. 1. Text." Germany.
@misc{etde_10106709,
title = {Reduction of pollution through hydrogenation of carbon containing wastes. Second phase of project. Final report. Pt. 1. Text; Verminderung der Umweltbelastung durch Hydrierung kohlenstoffhaltiger Abfaelle. 2. Projektphase. Schlussbericht. T. 1. Text}
author = {Rauser, G, and Jakubik, D}
abstractNote = {Tests of many organic synthetic wastes during the first phase of the project showed, that these wastes can be transformed into valuable oils by hydrogenation (treatment with hydrogen at elevated temperatures and pressures). With increasing bottlenecks for other ways of disposal it was the target of the second phase of the project, to prove the possiblity of technical realization of hydrogenating liquefaction of organic synthetic wastes. A bench scale plant was used for that examination, consisting of a thermal pretreatment (visbreaking and dechlorination) and a hydrogenation part with a capacity of 10 kg/h. In continuous test runs, lasting up to two weeks, it was proved, that mixtures of high-boiling oil and waste plastics (portion of plastics up to 60% and partly more, portion of PVC up to 6%) largely can be convertet into liquid, chlorinefree hydrocarbons. An increase of the portion of plastics up to 100% seems to be technically realizable. The developed process is suitable to cycle plastics - especially from waste packing material - back as liquid material through ecologically beneficial hydrogenation. The step of thermal pretreatment needs additional optimizing. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die an zahlreichen organisch-synthetischen Abfaellen in der ersten Projektphase durchgefuehrten Untersuchungen zeigten, dass diese Abfaelle durch Hydrierung (Behandlung mit Wasserstoff bei erhoehten Temperaturen und Druecken) in wertvolle Oele umgesetzt werden koennen. Wegen der zunehmenden Engpaesse anderer Entsorgungswege war es Ziel der zweiten Projektphase, die technische Realisierbarkeit der hydrierenden Verfluessigung organisch-synthetischer Abfaelle nachzuweisen. Dazu diente eine Technikumsversuchsanlage, bestehend aus thermischer Vorbehandlung (Visbreaking und Entchlorung) und Hydrierteil, mit einem Durchsatz von 10 kg/h. In bis zu zweiwoechigen, kontinuierlichen Vesuchslaeufen wurde nachgewiesen, dass Mischungen aus hochsiedendem Oel und vermischten Kunststoffabfaellen (Kunststoffanteil bis 60% und z.T. darueber hinaus, PVC-Anteil bis 6%) weitgehend zu fluessigen, chlorfreien Kohlenwasserstoffen umgesetzt werden koennen. Eine Steigerung des Kunststoffeinsatzes bis auf 100% scheint technisch realisierbar. Das Verfahren ist geeignet, Kunststoffe - insbesondere aus Verpackungsabfaellen - durch die umweltfreundliche, hydrierende Verfluessigung wieder dem Stoffkreislauf zuzufuehren. Fuer den Teilschritt der thermischen Vorbehandlung besteht noch Optimierungsbedarf. (orig.)}
place = {Germany}
year = {1992}
month = {Nov}
}