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Major energy users and reforms of the German energy industry

Miscellaneous:

Abstract

There is a historic tradition of industrial autoproduction of electricity in Germany. Major energy users in the past used to be and today often still are autoproducers of electric power. The public utility sector, according to present legal standards, operates in a framework that protects local and regional monopolies. The large consumers and autoproducers are an important countervailing power in the whole system of the electricity supply industry. Electric utilities (EU) in Germany are semi-public or private enterprises of a wide variety of size. The large producer utilities operate the high voltage grid on the basis of private contracts. Regional distribution companies mostly without a considerable share in production often in cooperation with local distributors deliver electricity (el) in the non-urban areas whereas mostly city owned EU supply the large cities often on the basis of considerable parts of autoproduction and often also with a considerable share of el produced in cogeneration plants. The equilibrium between the parts of this system in the past was ensured by a legal framework protecting local monopolies as well as long term contracts between producers and distributors. Deregulation trends inherent in European legislation on competition have threatened this stability. In the first phase resistance  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Jun 01, 1994
Product Type:
Miscellaneous
Report Number:
ETDE/DE-mf-95726049
Reference Number:
SCA: 296000; PA: DE-94:0GM665; EDB-95:014180; SN: 95001305384
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Jun 1994
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; ELECTRIC POWER; MARKET; FEDERAL REPUBLIC OF GERMANY; ELECTRIC UTILITIES; MONOPOLIES; REGULATIONS; PRICES; 296000
OSTI ID:
10106392
Research Organizations:
Oldenburg Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Volkswirtschaftslehre (VWL)
Country of Origin:
Germany
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE95726049; TRN: DE94GM665
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS (US Sales Only)
Submitting Site:
DE
Size:
14 p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Miscellaneous:

Citation Formats

Pfaffenberger, W. Major energy users and reforms of the German energy industry. Germany: N. p., 1994. Web.
Pfaffenberger, W. Major energy users and reforms of the German energy industry. Germany.
Pfaffenberger, W. 1994. "Major energy users and reforms of the German energy industry." Germany.
@misc{etde_10106392,
title = {Major energy users and reforms of the German energy industry}
author = {Pfaffenberger, W}
abstractNote = {There is a historic tradition of industrial autoproduction of electricity in Germany. Major energy users in the past used to be and today often still are autoproducers of electric power. The public utility sector, according to present legal standards, operates in a framework that protects local and regional monopolies. The large consumers and autoproducers are an important countervailing power in the whole system of the electricity supply industry. Electric utilities (EU) in Germany are semi-public or private enterprises of a wide variety of size. The large producer utilities operate the high voltage grid on the basis of private contracts. Regional distribution companies mostly without a considerable share in production often in cooperation with local distributors deliver electricity (el) in the non-urban areas whereas mostly city owned EU supply the large cities often on the basis of considerable parts of autoproduction and often also with a considerable share of el produced in cogeneration plants. The equilibrium between the parts of this system in the past was ensured by a legal framework protecting local monopolies as well as long term contracts between producers and distributors. Deregulation trends inherent in European legislation on competition have threatened this stability. In the first phase resistance against a more competitive order seemed unanimous. In the meantime however the different actors had time to rethink their position: The European Council has now proposed a more moderate regulation. The German Government has made a proposal for some important changes in the Energy Law and connected passages in the Competition Law, which would introduce some more competitive elements into the system without anticipating the results of a competitive process.}
place = {Germany}
year = {1994}
month = {Jun}
}