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LIBRA-LiTE: A commercial size light ion fusion power plant

Technical Report:

Abstract

LIBRA-LiTE is a concept study for future 1000 MWe nuclear fusion reactors operating on the principle of inertial confinement. Light ions, e.g. lithium ions, are given an energy of 25-35 MeV in an accelerator and focused symmetrically onto a target (deuterium-tritium filled sphere of 7 mm diameter) in a reactor chamber. The fusion reaction is ignited by shock wave induced compression of the target. The radiation (photons, neutrons, ions) is absorbed in a blanket where the thermal power is removed by a coolant and tritium is rebred. The LIBRA-LiTE concept study is the continuation of the earlier LIBRA study (330 MWe) with a modified concept of light ion beam focusing. Starting from an ion source (diode), the lithium ion beams are focused ballistically onto the target. For this to be achieved, lithium must be used as the coolant in the reactor chamber and the blanket concept must be slightly modified by providing steel tubes (HT-9) as guiding tubes for the coolant flow. A particular engineering problem to be solved are the ion beam focusing magnets, which have to extend rather closely up to the center of the reactor chamber. (orig.). [Deutsch] LIBRA-LiTE ist eine Konzeptstudie fuer zukuenftige Fusionsreaktoren mit einer  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
May 01, 1992
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
KFK-5051; UWFDM-880; FPA-91-4
Reference Number:
SCA: 700400; PA: DEN-92:016624; SN: 93000906354
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: May 1992
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; THERMONUCLEAR REACTORS; DESIGN; NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS; COMMERCIALIZATION; CAPITALIZED COST; ION BEAM FUSION REACTORS; LIGHT IONS; LITHIUM IONS; POWER RANGE 100-1000 MW; COST ESTIMATION; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; SHOCK WAVES; BEAM FOCUSING MAGNETS; TRITIUM TARGET; BREEDING BLANKETS; INERTIAL CONFINEMENT; 700400; FUSION TECHNOLOGY
OSTI ID:
10106212
Research Organizations:
Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH (Germany). Inst. fuer Neutronenphysik und Reaktortechnik; Kernforschungszentrum Karlsruhe GmbH (Germany). Projekt Kernfusion
Country of Origin:
Germany
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE93744881; TRN: DE9216624
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS (US Sales Only); INIS
Submitting Site:
DEN
Size:
133 p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Badger, B, Choi, B, Engelstad, R L, Kulcinski, G L, Lovell, E G, MacFarlane, J J, Mogehed, E A, Moses, G A, Peterson, R R, Rutledge, S, Sawan, M E, Sviatoslavsky, G, Sviatoslavsky, I N, and Wittenberg, L J. LIBRA-LiTE: A commercial size light ion fusion power plant. Germany: N. p., 1992. Web.
Badger, B, Choi, B, Engelstad, R L, Kulcinski, G L, Lovell, E G, MacFarlane, J J, Mogehed, E A, Moses, G A, Peterson, R R, Rutledge, S, Sawan, M E, Sviatoslavsky, G, Sviatoslavsky, I N, & Wittenberg, L J. LIBRA-LiTE: A commercial size light ion fusion power plant. Germany.
Badger, B, Choi, B, Engelstad, R L, Kulcinski, G L, Lovell, E G, MacFarlane, J J, Mogehed, E A, Moses, G A, Peterson, R R, Rutledge, S, Sawan, M E, Sviatoslavsky, G, Sviatoslavsky, I N, and Wittenberg, L J. 1992. "LIBRA-LiTE: A commercial size light ion fusion power plant." Germany.
@misc{etde_10106212,
title = {LIBRA-LiTE: A commercial size light ion fusion power plant}
author = {Badger, B, Choi, B, Engelstad, R L, Kulcinski, G L, Lovell, E G, MacFarlane, J J, Mogehed, E A, Moses, G A, Peterson, R R, Rutledge, S, Sawan, M E, Sviatoslavsky, G, Sviatoslavsky, I N, and Wittenberg, L J}
abstractNote = {LIBRA-LiTE is a concept study for future 1000 MWe nuclear fusion reactors operating on the principle of inertial confinement. Light ions, e.g. lithium ions, are given an energy of 25-35 MeV in an accelerator and focused symmetrically onto a target (deuterium-tritium filled sphere of 7 mm diameter) in a reactor chamber. The fusion reaction is ignited by shock wave induced compression of the target. The radiation (photons, neutrons, ions) is absorbed in a blanket where the thermal power is removed by a coolant and tritium is rebred. The LIBRA-LiTE concept study is the continuation of the earlier LIBRA study (330 MWe) with a modified concept of light ion beam focusing. Starting from an ion source (diode), the lithium ion beams are focused ballistically onto the target. For this to be achieved, lithium must be used as the coolant in the reactor chamber and the blanket concept must be slightly modified by providing steel tubes (HT-9) as guiding tubes for the coolant flow. A particular engineering problem to be solved are the ion beam focusing magnets, which have to extend rather closely up to the center of the reactor chamber. (orig.). [Deutsch] LIBRA-LiTE ist eine Konzeptstudie fuer zukuenftige Fusionsreaktoren mit einer Leistung von 1000 MWe, die nach dem Prinzip des Traegheitseinschlusses arbeiten. Leichte Ionen, z.B. Lithium-Ionen, werden durch einen Beschleuniger auf eine Energie von 25-35 MeV gebracht und in einer Reaktorkammer symmetrisch auf ein Target (mit Deuterium-Tritium gefuellte Kugel von 7 mm Durchmesser) fokussiert. Durch Schockwellen-Kompression des Targets wird die Fusionsreaktion gezuendet. Die Strahlung (Photonen, Neutronen, Ionen) wird in einem Brutmantel absorbiert, wo die Waermeleistung durch ein Kuehlmittel abgefuehrt wird und Tritium neu erbruetet wird. Die LIBRA-LiTE Konzeptstudie ist die Fortsetzung der frueheren LIBRA-Studie (330 MWe) mit einem veraenderten Fokussierungskonzept der Leichtionen-Strahlen. Die Lithium-Ionen-Strahlen werden ausgehend von einer Ionenquelle (Diode) ballistisch auf das Target fokussiert. Dies erfordert den Uebergang zu Lithium als Kuehlmittel in der Reaktorkammer und einem etwas veraenderten Brutmantel-Konzept mit Stahlrohren (HT-9) als Fuehrung fuer die Stroemung des Kuehlmittels. Als besonderes technisches Problem erweisen sich die Ionenstrahl-Fokussierungsmagneten, die relativ nahe an die Mitte der Reaktorkammer heranreichen muessen. (orig.).}
place = {Germany}
year = {1992}
month = {May}
}