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Control of passive indoor climate systems with adjustable shutters, shading devices and vent windows

Technical Report:

Abstract

The aim of the integrated control of the indoor climate systems is to maintain an acceptable indoor climate with a minimum energy consumption with the use of the mentioned components and the outdoor climate. A simulation model has been developed to study the behaviour of such passive climate systems with its control system. This model includes the building envelope with its passive and active components. An arbitrary control system can be connected with this `simulator`. Two different climates have been used: the TRY`s of Carpentras, France, and Uccle (Ukkel), Belgium. Simulations show the effect of individual components on the indoor temperature of the building and the effect of a control system on the indoor temeperature and energy consumption. Simulations with two different control systems show that in warm climates (Carpentras) the passive components can not provide the necessary cooling. In moderate climates (Uccle), this is possible. With all climates large window areas lead to a large number of temperature exceedings during the summer, while the expected energy consumption reduction does not exist or is very little. Ventilation by the windows is sufficient to supply the minimum required amount of fresh air and to provide cooling with outdoor air in moderate  More>>
Authors:
Lute, P J; Liem, S H; Van Paassen, A H.C. [1] 
  1. Technische Univ. Delft (Netherlands)
Publication Date:
Dec 31, 1990
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
MEMT-12
Reference Number:
SCA: 320105; PA: ECN-91.0649; SN: 91000585468
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1990
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; MICROCLIMATES; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; SHADING; COMPUTERIZED CONTROL SYSTEMS; VENTILATION; EQUATIONS; WINDOWS; BUILDINGS; SIMULATORS; SOLAR RADIATION; TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT; THERMAL COMFORT; SHUTTERS; SUN SHADES; ENERGY CONSERVATION; TEST FACILITIES; ENERGY CONSUMPTION; TEMPERATURE CONTROL; EXPERIMENTAL DATA; NUMERICAL DATA; 320105; BUILDING SERVICES
OSTI ID:
10103881
Research Organizations:
Technische Univ. Delft (Netherlands)
Country of Origin:
Netherlands
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE92721415; CNN: Contract NOVEM 11.26-112.10; TRN: 91.0649
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS (US Sales Only)
Submitting Site:
ECN
Size:
104 p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Lute, P J, Liem, S H, and Van Paassen, A H.C. Control of passive indoor climate systems with adjustable shutters, shading devices and vent windows. Netherlands: N. p., 1990. Web.
Lute, P J, Liem, S H, & Van Paassen, A H.C. Control of passive indoor climate systems with adjustable shutters, shading devices and vent windows. Netherlands.
Lute, P J, Liem, S H, and Van Paassen, A H.C. 1990. "Control of passive indoor climate systems with adjustable shutters, shading devices and vent windows." Netherlands.
@misc{etde_10103881,
title = {Control of passive indoor climate systems with adjustable shutters, shading devices and vent windows}
author = {Lute, P J, Liem, S H, and Van Paassen, A H.C.}
abstractNote = {The aim of the integrated control of the indoor climate systems is to maintain an acceptable indoor climate with a minimum energy consumption with the use of the mentioned components and the outdoor climate. A simulation model has been developed to study the behaviour of such passive climate systems with its control system. This model includes the building envelope with its passive and active components. An arbitrary control system can be connected with this `simulator`. Two different climates have been used: the TRY`s of Carpentras, France, and Uccle (Ukkel), Belgium. Simulations show the effect of individual components on the indoor temperature of the building and the effect of a control system on the indoor temeperature and energy consumption. Simulations with two different control systems show that in warm climates (Carpentras) the passive components can not provide the necessary cooling. In moderate climates (Uccle), this is possible. With all climates large window areas lead to a large number of temperature exceedings during the summer, while the expected energy consumption reduction does not exist or is very little. Ventilation by the windows is sufficient to supply the minimum required amount of fresh air and to provide cooling with outdoor air in moderate climates. Measurements with the Technical University of Delft test cell show that the typical window construction (upper and lower windows) increases the amount of ventilation significantly. Heavier types of buildings perform better with respect to both indoor climate and energy consumption. 39 figs., 10 tabs., 7 app., 30 refs.}
place = {Netherlands}
year = {1990}
month = {Dec}
}