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An elaboration of the Toronto aim for the Netherlands. A CO{sub 2} reduction of 20% in 2005; Een uitwerking voor Nederland van de Toronto doelstelling. Een CO{sub 2} reductie van 20% in 2005

Technical Report:

Abstract

A quantitative elaboration of a baseline for the year 2005, based on the present carbon dioxide reduction policy and two options (technically oriented and volume oriented) for an extra reduction of CO{sub 2}, has been carried out for the Netherlands. Extra energy conservation will contribute for the greatest part to a 20% CO{sub 2} reduction. Also contributions are expected by means of CO{sub 2} separation at industrial systems, fuel switch, carbon management (recycling of plastics), and from renewable energy sources. Volume oriented options are discussed for the sectors industry, traffic, agriculture and wastes. To realize 20% reduction of CO{sub 2} in the year 2005 an extra investment of circa 5 billion Dutch guilders is needed for the technically oriented options. The most important uncertainties when investigating the feasibility of the Toronto aim for the Netherlands are the CO{sub 2} calculation method, the societal and institutional barriers with regard to the implementation of the measures, the international context and the development of CO{sub 2} emissions in the baseline. 6 figs., 7 tabs., 42 refs.
Authors:
Okken, P A; Boonekamp, P G.M.; Rouw, M; Ybema, J R [1] 
  1. Energy Study Centre, Netherlands Energy Research Foundation, Petten (Netherlands)
Publication Date:
Aug 01, 1991
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
ECN-C-91-045
Reference Number:
SCA: 290300; PA: ECN-91.0663; SN: 91000585482
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: Aug 1991
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY AND ECONOMY; CARBON DIOXIDE; REMOVAL; COMPUTER CALCULATIONS; EMISSION; ENERGY CONSERVATION; SECTORAL ANALYSIS; CALCULATION METHODS; NETHERLANDS; ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY; POLLUTION REGULATIONS; FORECASTING; STATISTICAL DATA; INVESTMENT; WASTE MANAGEMENT; FUEL SUBSTITUTION; RENEWABLE ENERGY SOURCES; TRANSPORTATION SECTOR; AGRICULTURE; FEASIBILITY STUDIES; INDUSTRY; HOUSEHOLDS; RESIDENTIAL SECTOR; NUMERICAL DATA; 290300; ENVIRONMENT, HEALTH, AND SAFETY
OSTI ID:
10103826
Research Organizations:
Netherlands Energy Research Foundation, Petten (Netherlands). Energy Study Centre
Country of Origin:
Netherlands
Language:
Dutch
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE92721429; TRN: 91.0663
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS (US Sales Only)
Submitting Site:
ECN
Size:
28 p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Okken, P A, Boonekamp, P G.M., Rouw, M, and Ybema, J R. An elaboration of the Toronto aim for the Netherlands. A CO{sub 2} reduction of 20% in 2005; Een uitwerking voor Nederland van de Toronto doelstelling. Een CO{sub 2} reductie van 20% in 2005. Netherlands: N. p., 1991. Web.
Okken, P A, Boonekamp, P G.M., Rouw, M, & Ybema, J R. An elaboration of the Toronto aim for the Netherlands. A CO{sub 2} reduction of 20% in 2005; Een uitwerking voor Nederland van de Toronto doelstelling. Een CO{sub 2} reductie van 20% in 2005. Netherlands.
Okken, P A, Boonekamp, P G.M., Rouw, M, and Ybema, J R. 1991. "An elaboration of the Toronto aim for the Netherlands. A CO{sub 2} reduction of 20% in 2005; Een uitwerking voor Nederland van de Toronto doelstelling. Een CO{sub 2} reductie van 20% in 2005." Netherlands.
@misc{etde_10103826,
title = {An elaboration of the Toronto aim for the Netherlands. A CO{sub 2} reduction of 20% in 2005; Een uitwerking voor Nederland van de Toronto doelstelling. Een CO{sub 2} reductie van 20% in 2005}
author = {Okken, P A, Boonekamp, P G.M., Rouw, M, and Ybema, J R}
abstractNote = {A quantitative elaboration of a baseline for the year 2005, based on the present carbon dioxide reduction policy and two options (technically oriented and volume oriented) for an extra reduction of CO{sub 2}, has been carried out for the Netherlands. Extra energy conservation will contribute for the greatest part to a 20% CO{sub 2} reduction. Also contributions are expected by means of CO{sub 2} separation at industrial systems, fuel switch, carbon management (recycling of plastics), and from renewable energy sources. Volume oriented options are discussed for the sectors industry, traffic, agriculture and wastes. To realize 20% reduction of CO{sub 2} in the year 2005 an extra investment of circa 5 billion Dutch guilders is needed for the technically oriented options. The most important uncertainties when investigating the feasibility of the Toronto aim for the Netherlands are the CO{sub 2} calculation method, the societal and institutional barriers with regard to the implementation of the measures, the international context and the development of CO{sub 2} emissions in the baseline. 6 figs., 7 tabs., 42 refs.}
place = {Netherlands}
year = {1991}
month = {Aug}
}