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Nordic nuclear emergency exercises. Final report of the BER-5 project

Conference:

Abstract

In all Nordic countries, nuclear emergency provisions have been revised following the Chernobyl accident. Local and national exercises are carried out regularly in each of the countries. Several actions have been taken to harmonize the approaches of individual Nordic countries. In order to further promote similar decision making procedures in an emergency situation, two Nordic exercises were conducted in 1993. It was important to see if all five countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) responded in a similar way to a given situation, as far as risk assessment and countermeasures were concerned. The exercises were mainly aimed at decision makers and advisers of the five national emergency organizations. Thus, the exercises did not include comparison of underlying calculations on, e.g., atmospheric trajectories or transfer of radioactive material from air to ground. Such functions were tested separately in drills that formed part of the overall Nordic emergency preparedness program. It turned out that considerable effort is required to prepare exercises of this kind and magnitude. In each country, a national exercise leader was appointed. A Nordic evaluation team was set up. Common rules for the simulated inputs during the exercise and for the evaluators were decided on. The scenarios were  More>>
Authors:
Bennerstedt, T; [1]  Stranden, E; [2]  Salo, A [3] 
  1. NKS, Roskilde (Denmark)
  2. Statens Straalevern, Oesteraas (Norway)
  3. STUK, Helsinki (Finland)
Publication Date:
May 01, 1994
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
NEI-NO-443; CONF-9405256-
Reference Number:
SCA: 560180; PA: AIX-26:005616; EDB-95:010438; SN: 95001299112
Resource Relation:
Conference: Nordic seminar on emergency preparedness in nuclear accidents,Nordisk seminar om beredskap mot atomulykker,Oslo (Norway),4-6 May 1994; Other Information: PBD: May 1994
Subject:
61 RADIATION PROTECTION AND DOSIMETRY; EMERGENCY PLANS; MANAGEMENT; RADIATION ACCIDENTS; SCANDINAVIA; EVALUATION; ORGANIZING; REGIONAL COOPERATION; 560180; RADIATION PROTECTION PROCEDURES
OSTI ID:
10103788
Research Organizations:
No corporate text available (Country unknown/Code not available)
Country of Origin:
Norway
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE95609905; TRN: NO9400099005616
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS (US Sales Only); INIS
Submitting Site:
NWN
Size:
6 p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Conference:

Citation Formats

Bennerstedt, T, Stranden, E, and Salo, A. Nordic nuclear emergency exercises. Final report of the BER-5 project. Norway: N. p., 1994. Web.
Bennerstedt, T, Stranden, E, & Salo, A. Nordic nuclear emergency exercises. Final report of the BER-5 project. Norway.
Bennerstedt, T, Stranden, E, and Salo, A. 1994. "Nordic nuclear emergency exercises. Final report of the BER-5 project." Norway.
@misc{etde_10103788,
title = {Nordic nuclear emergency exercises. Final report of the BER-5 project}
author = {Bennerstedt, T, Stranden, E, and Salo, A}
abstractNote = {In all Nordic countries, nuclear emergency provisions have been revised following the Chernobyl accident. Local and national exercises are carried out regularly in each of the countries. Several actions have been taken to harmonize the approaches of individual Nordic countries. In order to further promote similar decision making procedures in an emergency situation, two Nordic exercises were conducted in 1993. It was important to see if all five countries (Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway and Sweden) responded in a similar way to a given situation, as far as risk assessment and countermeasures were concerned. The exercises were mainly aimed at decision makers and advisers of the five national emergency organizations. Thus, the exercises did not include comparison of underlying calculations on, e.g., atmospheric trajectories or transfer of radioactive material from air to ground. Such functions were tested separately in drills that formed part of the overall Nordic emergency preparedness program. It turned out that considerable effort is required to prepare exercises of this kind and magnitude. In each country, a national exercise leader was appointed. A Nordic evaluation team was set up. Common rules for the simulated inputs during the exercise and for the evaluators were decided on. The scenarios were prepared by an independent group. An essential planning item is the coordination of the Nordic exercises with those performed on a more routine basis in each country. The exercises included an acute-phase situation (NORA), and a late-phase situation (ODIN).}
place = {Norway}
year = {1994}
month = {May}
}