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Phase voltage control and filtering in a converter-fed single-phase customer-end system of the LVDC distribution network

Journal Article:

Abstract

In recent years, the network vulnerability to natural hazards has been noticed. Moreover, operating on the limits of the network transmission capabilities have resulted in major outages during the past decade. One of the reasons for operating on these limits is that the network has become outdated. Therefore, new technical solutions are studied that could provide more reliable and more energy efficient power distribution and also a better profitability for the network owner. It is the development and price of power electronics that have made the DC distribution an attractive alternative again. In this doctoral thesis, one type of a low-voltage DC distribution system is investigated. More specifically, it is studied which current technological solutions, used at the customer-end, could provide better power quality for the customer when compared with the current system. To study the effect of a DC network on the customer-end power quality, a bipolar DC network model is derived. The model can also be used to identify the supply parameters when the V/kW ratio is approximately known. Although the model provides knowledge of the average behavior, it is shown that the instantaneous DC voltage ripple should be limited. The guidelines to choose an appropriate capacitance value  More>>
Authors:
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 2010
Product Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Acta Universitatis Lappeenrantaensis; Journal Volume: 12; Journal Issue: 404; Other Information: Thesis or Dissertation; TH: Thesis (D. Tech.)
Subject:
24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; POWER TRANSMISSION; GRIDS; DC SYSTEMS; ELECTRIC POTENTIAL; FILTERS; CONTROL SYSTEMS
OSTI ID:
1010362
Research Organizations:
Lappeenranta Univ. of Technology (Finland)
Country of Origin:
Finland
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 1456-4491; TRN: FI1103021
Submitting Site:
FI
Size:
page(s) 1-166
Announcement Date:
Apr 04, 2011

Journal Article:

Citation Formats

Peltoniemi, P. Phase voltage control and filtering in a converter-fed single-phase customer-end system of the LVDC distribution network. Finland: N. p., 2010. Web.
Peltoniemi, P. Phase voltage control and filtering in a converter-fed single-phase customer-end system of the LVDC distribution network. Finland.
Peltoniemi, P. 2010. "Phase voltage control and filtering in a converter-fed single-phase customer-end system of the LVDC distribution network." Finland.
@misc{etde_1010362,
title = {Phase voltage control and filtering in a converter-fed single-phase customer-end system of the LVDC distribution network}
author = {Peltoniemi, P}
abstractNote = {In recent years, the network vulnerability to natural hazards has been noticed. Moreover, operating on the limits of the network transmission capabilities have resulted in major outages during the past decade. One of the reasons for operating on these limits is that the network has become outdated. Therefore, new technical solutions are studied that could provide more reliable and more energy efficient power distribution and also a better profitability for the network owner. It is the development and price of power electronics that have made the DC distribution an attractive alternative again. In this doctoral thesis, one type of a low-voltage DC distribution system is investigated. More specifically, it is studied which current technological solutions, used at the customer-end, could provide better power quality for the customer when compared with the current system. To study the effect of a DC network on the customer-end power quality, a bipolar DC network model is derived. The model can also be used to identify the supply parameters when the V/kW ratio is approximately known. Although the model provides knowledge of the average behavior, it is shown that the instantaneous DC voltage ripple should be limited. The guidelines to choose an appropriate capacitance value for the capacitor located at the input DC terminals of the customer-end are given. Also the structure of the customer-end is considered. A comparison between the most common solutions is made based on their cost, energy efficiency, and reliability. In the comparison, special attention is paid to the passive filtering solutions since the filter is considered a crucial element when the lifetime expenses are determined. It is found out that the filter topology most commonly used today, namely the LC filter, does not provide economical advantage over the hybrid filter structure. Finally, some of the typical control system solutions are introduced and their shortcomings are presented. As a solution to the customer-end voltage regulation problem, an observer-based control scheme is proposed. It is shown how different control system structures affect the performance. The performance meeting the requirements is achieved by using only one output measurement, when operating in a rigid network. Similar performance can be achieved in a weak grid by DC voltage measurement. An additional improvement can be achieved when an adaptive gain scheduling-based control is introduced. As a conclusion, the final power quality is determined by a sum of various factors, and the thesis provides the guidelines for designing the system that improves the power quality experienced by the customer. (orig.)}
journal = {Acta Universitatis Lappeenrantaensis}
issue = {404}
volume = {12}
place = {Finland}
year = {2010}
month = {Jul}
}