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Producing liquid fuels from biomass; Polttonestetuotanto biomassasta

Technical Report:

Abstract

The aim of this survey was to compare, on techno-economic criteria, alternatives of producing liquid fuels from indigenous raw materials in Finland. Another aim was to compare methods under development and prepare a proposal for steering research related to this field. Process concepts were prepared for a number of alternatives, as well as analogous balances and production and investment cost assessments for these balances. Carbon dioxide emissions of the alternatives and the price of CO{sub 2} reduction were also studied. All the alternatives for producing liquid fuels from indigenous raw materials are utmost unprofitable. There are great differences between the alternatives. While the production cost of ethanol is 6 to 9 times higher than the market value of the product, the equivalent ratio for substitute fuel oil produced from peat by pyrolysis is 3 - 4. However, it should be borne in mind that the technical uncertainties related to the alternatives are of different magnitude. Production of ethanol from barley is of commercial technology, while biomass pyrolysis is still under development. If the aim is to reach smaller carbon dioxide emissions by using liquid biofuels, the most favourable alternative is pyrolysis oil produced from wood. Fuels produced from cultivated biomass  More>>
Authors:
Solantausta, Y; [1]  Gust, S [2] 
  1. VTT Energy, Espoo (Finland). Combustion and Conversion Technology
  2. Neste Oy, Porvoo (Finland)
Publication Date:
Dec 01, 1994
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
KTM/E-B-185
Reference Number:
SCA: 090900; 010400; PA: FI-94:003506; EDB-95:007021; SN: 94001284751
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: 1994
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; 01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; BIOMASS; LIQUID FUELS; COST; ETHANOL; PEAT; PYROLYTIC OILS; CARBON DIOXIDE; SPENT LIQUORS; BARLEY; WOOD; METHANOL; TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT; PYROLYSIS; LIQUEFACTION; 090900; 010400; PROCESSING
OSTI ID:
10102515
Research Organizations:
Ministry of Trade and Industry, Helsinki (Finland). Energy Dept.
Country of Origin:
Finland
Language:
Finnish
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ON: DE95717458; CNN: Project KTM-218/881/90; ISBN 951-47-8038-8; TRN: FI9403506
Availability:
OSTI; NTIS
Submitting Site:
FI
Size:
137 p.
Announcement Date:
Jun 30, 2005

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

Solantausta, Y, and Gust, S. Producing liquid fuels from biomass; Polttonestetuotanto biomassasta. Finland: N. p., 1994. Web.
Solantausta, Y, & Gust, S. Producing liquid fuels from biomass; Polttonestetuotanto biomassasta. Finland.
Solantausta, Y, and Gust, S. 1994. "Producing liquid fuels from biomass; Polttonestetuotanto biomassasta." Finland.
@misc{etde_10102515,
title = {Producing liquid fuels from biomass; Polttonestetuotanto biomassasta}
author = {Solantausta, Y, and Gust, S}
abstractNote = {The aim of this survey was to compare, on techno-economic criteria, alternatives of producing liquid fuels from indigenous raw materials in Finland. Another aim was to compare methods under development and prepare a proposal for steering research related to this field. Process concepts were prepared for a number of alternatives, as well as analogous balances and production and investment cost assessments for these balances. Carbon dioxide emissions of the alternatives and the price of CO{sub 2} reduction were also studied. All the alternatives for producing liquid fuels from indigenous raw materials are utmost unprofitable. There are great differences between the alternatives. While the production cost of ethanol is 6 to 9 times higher than the market value of the product, the equivalent ratio for substitute fuel oil produced from peat by pyrolysis is 3 - 4. However, it should be borne in mind that the technical uncertainties related to the alternatives are of different magnitude. Production of ethanol from barley is of commercial technology, while biomass pyrolysis is still under development. If the aim is to reach smaller carbon dioxide emissions by using liquid biofuels, the most favourable alternative is pyrolysis oil produced from wood. Fuels produced from cultivated biomass are more expensive ways of reducing CO{sub 2} emissions. Their potential of reducing CO{sub 2} emissions in Finland is insignificant. Integration of liquid fuel production to some other production line is more profitable than a separate production}
place = {Finland}
year = {1994}
month = {Dec}
}