The issue of safely recycling materials contaminated with low levels of radioactivity is not a new one to the radiation industries and regulators. It has been discussed for decades. Major factors in the recycling issue are the high cost of disposing of these materials as waste and their potential economic value. Unfortunately, regulatory solutions to the problem have not been easily forthcoming. Although the U.S. is among the most significant users of radioactive materials in the world, passing regulations related to de minimis quantities of radiation in the environment is a very difficult and contentious endeavor. A recycling regulation will have to undergo a great deal of scientific and political scrutiny before it is passed and implemented in the U.S. In this paper, we will discuss recycling in the United States from a regulatory and policy standpoint. (author). 24 refs, 1 fig.