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Application of exemption principles in national regulations

Conference:

Abstract

The use of consumer products containing radioactive substances, recycling and reuse of materials and items containing low levels of radioactivity, disposal of wastes by research laboratories and release of patients with residual radioactivity in their bodies are some practices exempted in India from the application of regulatory controls. The criteria for exemption include small scale of operations involving exempted sources, triviality of individual dose and collective dose, and avoiding wastage of effort and cost of control. However, the use of radioactive in unjustified consumer products is prohibited and authorized products are assessed for safety. Compliance with tests prescribed in standards is mandatory. Recycling of materials and items containing radioactivity is regulated in accordance with prescribed levels of average concentration and surface contamination. Clearance levels and procedures for compliancies are specified in regulations. The levels are based on assessment of dose to workers in recycling industry arising due to (a) external exposure from scrap piles, (b) external exposure from repair of reusable items, (c) dust inhalation in steel foundry/cement plant as well as dose to public, arising due to use of recycled steel in dwellings, furniture etc. Also exposure pathways in disposing of such items are also considered. Small quantities of  More>>
Authors:
Sundara Rao, I S [1] 
  1. Atomic Energy Regulatory Board, Bombay (India)
Publication Date:
Jul 01, 1995
Product Type:
Conference
Report Number:
IAEA-TECDOC-807; CONF-9311144-
Reference Number:
SCA: 560190; 056000; PA: AIX-26:063120; EDB-95:132145; ERA-20:027681; SN: 95001457952
Resource Relation:
Conference: International Atomic Energy Association (IAEA) specialists meeting on experience in the application of exemption principles, Vienna (Austria), 1-5 Nov 1993; Other Information: PBD: Jul 1995; Related Information: Is Part Of Experience in the application of exemption principles. Proceedings of a specialists meeting held in Vienna, 2-4 November 1993; PB: 237 p.
Subject:
56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; 05 NUCLEAR FUELS; LOW-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; LICENSING REGULATIONS; COMPLIANCE; INDIA; RADIOACTIVE WASTE DISPOSAL; RECYCLING; TRANSPORT REGULATIONS
OSTI ID:
100447
Research Organizations:
International Atomic Energy Agency, Vienna (Austria)
Country of Origin:
IAEA
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Journal ID: ISSN 1011-4289; Other: ON: DE95634722; TRN: XA9539837063120
Availability:
INIS; OSTI as DE95634722
Submitting Site:
INIS
Size:
pp. 49-54
Announcement Date:
Jan 16, 2004

Conference:

Citation Formats

Sundara Rao, I S. Application of exemption principles in national regulations. IAEA: N. p., 1995. Web.
Sundara Rao, I S. Application of exemption principles in national regulations. IAEA.
Sundara Rao, I S. 1995. "Application of exemption principles in national regulations." IAEA.
@misc{etde_100447,
title = {Application of exemption principles in national regulations}
author = {Sundara Rao, I S}
abstractNote = {The use of consumer products containing radioactive substances, recycling and reuse of materials and items containing low levels of radioactivity, disposal of wastes by research laboratories and release of patients with residual radioactivity in their bodies are some practices exempted in India from the application of regulatory controls. The criteria for exemption include small scale of operations involving exempted sources, triviality of individual dose and collective dose, and avoiding wastage of effort and cost of control. However, the use of radioactive in unjustified consumer products is prohibited and authorized products are assessed for safety. Compliance with tests prescribed in standards is mandatory. Recycling of materials and items containing radioactivity is regulated in accordance with prescribed levels of average concentration and surface contamination. Clearance levels and procedures for compliancies are specified in regulations. The levels are based on assessment of dose to workers in recycling industry arising due to (a) external exposure from scrap piles, (b) external exposure from repair of reusable items, (c) dust inhalation in steel foundry/cement plant as well as dose to public, arising due to use of recycled steel in dwellings, furniture etc. Also exposure pathways in disposing of such items are also considered. Small quantities of radioactive wastes are permitted to be disposed of in public domain based on considerations of dilution, decay and exposure pathways. (author). 5 refs, 2 tabs.}
place = {IAEA}
year = {1995}
month = {Jul}
}