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International wind energy development. Offshore report 2010

Technical Report:

Abstract

The purpose of this report is to assess the current status of offshore wind power development in Europe, China and North America. In order to give a complete picture, our research examines all the areas that need to be addressed in the offshore wind market, including the wind resource, policies in place for the promotion of offshore development and market structure dynamics from both the demand and supply side. A new in-depth focus is on 'balance of plant' supplies. There are also projections on the future of wind energy offshore, with a forecast to 2014 and a prediction to 2020. Altogether global offshore cumulative capacity passed the 2 GW milestone to reach 2,110 MW by the end of 2009. The UK has achieved 894 MW and become the leading offshore wind nation, just followed by previous leader Denmark. For 2010 an installation of additional 1.5 GW is expected. Most of that capacity is installed in the UK. For Europe a recent study concludes that the maximum output that offshore wind could generate (the technical potential) in 2030 for all EEA countries is approximately 30,000 TWh. That is around ten times the electricity consumption in Europe today and two-thirds of the  More>>
Publication Date:
Nov 15, 2010
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
NEI-DK-5444
Resource Relation:
Other Information: CD-ROM included; 47 tabs., 50 figs.
Subject:
17 WIND ENERGY; WIND POWER PLANTS; OFFSHORE SITES; MARKET; FORECASTING; WIND POWER; GLOBAL ASPECTS; POLITICAL ASPECTS; MANUFACTURERS; MACHINE PARTS; EUROPE; CHINA; USA
OSTI ID:
1001399
Research Organizations:
BTM Consult ApS, Ringkoebing (Denmark)
Country of Origin:
Denmark
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: ISBN 978-87-991869-9-0; TRN: DK1101001
Availability:
Available for sale from BTM Consult - http://www.btm.dk. Also available on loan from Risoe Library, email: bibl@risoe.dk
Submitting Site:
DK
Size:
104 p. pages
Announcement Date:
Jan 20, 2011

Technical Report:

Citation Formats

None. International wind energy development. Offshore report 2010. Denmark: N. p., 2010. Web.
None. International wind energy development. Offshore report 2010. Denmark.
None. 2010. "International wind energy development. Offshore report 2010." Denmark.
@misc{etde_1001399,
title = {International wind energy development. Offshore report 2010}
author = {None}
abstractNote = {The purpose of this report is to assess the current status of offshore wind power development in Europe, China and North America. In order to give a complete picture, our research examines all the areas that need to be addressed in the offshore wind market, including the wind resource, policies in place for the promotion of offshore development and market structure dynamics from both the demand and supply side. A new in-depth focus is on 'balance of plant' supplies. There are also projections on the future of wind energy offshore, with a forecast to 2014 and a prediction to 2020. Altogether global offshore cumulative capacity passed the 2 GW milestone to reach 2,110 MW by the end of 2009. The UK has achieved 894 MW and become the leading offshore wind nation, just followed by previous leader Denmark. For 2010 an installation of additional 1.5 GW is expected. Most of that capacity is installed in the UK. For Europe a recent study concludes that the maximum output that offshore wind could generate (the technical potential) in 2030 for all EEA countries is approximately 30,000 TWh. That is around ten times the electricity consumption in Europe today and two-thirds of the onshore technical potential. EEA countries are those EU countries included by the European Environment Agency. Northern Europe counts for by fare the best resources located in the North Sea and in the Baltic Sea. With an 18,000 km long coastline, China has large offshore wind resources spreading from the north to the south. According to the National Coastal Zone and Tideland Resource Investigation Report, the area from the shoreline out to a water depth of 20 m covers approximately 157,000 km2. Assuming that only 10%-20% of this sea area is available for offshore wind and 5 MW turbines are installed in this area, the total offshore capacity could reach 100-200 GW. This year NREL released a new report, which assesses the electricity generating potential of offshore wind resources in the United States as of May 2010. According to Assessment of Offshore Wind Energy Resource for the United States, 4,150 GW of potential installed wind capacity is available from offshore wind resources in the United States, which is four times the nation's total electric generating capacity from all sources in 2008. There were 38 offshore wind projects in operation around the world as of October 2010. Of these, only one was located outside European waters. The Top 10 offshore wind operators account for 85% of the global market. Of these, seven are leading European utilities and two are financial investors. In Europe, the committed offshore project pipelines have been identified up to 2023, although proposed projects in emerging markets such as France and Spain have not been included. The project pipelines in China and the US are mainly based on recently approved (and proposed) projects because the exact details of what is likely to happen up to 2020 is still not entirely clear. By the end of October 2010 more than 60 GW of offshore wind capacity (pipeline) had been recorded, of which 94% is in Europe, followed by China and the US with 3% and 2% respectively. The suppliers in the market are a few WTG manufacturers and a lot of special companies providing the 'balance of plant' (others than the turbine itself) supplies. In terms of offshore turbine technology, the market has been dominated by multi-MW designs. The 3.0 MW capacity turbine accounts for 34.4% of total installations so far, closely followed by the 2.3 MW and 3.6 MW models. For the offshore wind supply chain, more than 200 suppliers to the offshore wind power have been identified. This reports supply chain research is grouped with three groups: 1) Components suppliers to the WTG manufacturer (Gearboxes, Blades Generators, Bearings Power - converters and - Transformers and towers are assessed) 2) Suppliers of raw-materials for components and for WTGs 3) 'Balance of plant' supplies (Engineering, Construction, Cabling, Foundations, erection of WTGs including special vessels etc.)The supply chain is ramped up to meet the future demand and many new players from the traditional offshore oil and gas sector moves into offshore wind power. The forecast for five years ahead to 2015 is basically founded on the announcements from offshore developers and statistics from authorities about the status of approvals. A major uncertainty in the next five years is the ability of individual projects to keep up with their construction schedule, although some projects has been delayed due to lack of adequate financing. Pipelines has been judged and the likely materialisation until 2014 has been presented. The results of the examination is that there may be 18.7 GW installed world wide by 2014 and 74.7 GW by 2020. The majority of the new capacity will appear in Europe in the first period (2014), but later on the Chinese development will play an important role (beyond 2014 to 2020).}
place = {Denmark}
year = {2010}
month = {Nov}
}