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Guideline for safe and eco-friendly biomass gasification

Abstract

The objective of the Gasification Guide project is to accelerate the market penetration of small-scale biomass gasification systems (< 5 MW fuel power) by the development of a Guideline and Software Tool to facilitate risk assessment of HSE aspects. The Guideline may also be applied in retrofitting or converting old thermal plants in the Eastern European countries - with rich biomass recourses - to new gasification plants. The objective of this document is to guide key target groups identifying potential hazards and make a proper risk assessment. The software tool is an additional aid in the risk assessment. This guideline is intended to be a training tool and a resource for workers and employers to safely design, fabricate, construct, operate and maintain small-scale biomass gasification facilities. The Guideline is applicable with the following constraints: 1) The maximum scale of the gasification plant was agreed to be about 1 MW{sub e}. The reason is that large companies do have normally their safety rules in place; 2) This means in principle only fixed bed gasifier designs. However, most parts are also valid to other designs and even other thermal conversion processes; 3) The use of contaminated biomass is beyond the scope of  More>>
Authors:
Vos, J; Knoef, H; [1]  Hauth, M [2] 
  1. BTG biomass technology group, Enschede (Netherlands)
  2. Graz Univ. of Technology. Institute of Thermal Engineering, Graz (Austria); and others
Publication Date:
Nov 15, 2009
Product Type:
Technical Report
Report Number:
NEI-DK-5436
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PSO-2006; 33 refs., 13 tabs., 8 figs.
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; BIOMASS; GASIFICATION; RECOMMENDATIONS; SAFETY; RISK ASSESSMENT; AIR POLLUTION ABATEMENT
OSTI ID:
1000226
Research Organizations:
European Commission. Intelligent Energy, Brussels (Belgium)
Country of Origin:
Denmark
Language:
English
Other Identifying Numbers:
Other: Contract FORSKEL-6861; TRN: DK1001192
Availability:
Also available at http://www.risoe.dtu.dk/rispubl/NEI/NEI-DK-5436.pdf; OSTI as DE01000226
Submitting Site:
DK
Size:
68 p. pages
Announcement Date:
Dec 21, 2010

Citation Formats

Vos, J, Knoef, H, and Hauth, M. Guideline for safe and eco-friendly biomass gasification. Denmark: N. p., 2009. Web.
Vos, J, Knoef, H, & Hauth, M. Guideline for safe and eco-friendly biomass gasification. Denmark.
Vos, J, Knoef, H, and Hauth, M. 2009. "Guideline for safe and eco-friendly biomass gasification." Denmark.
@misc{etde_1000226,
title = {Guideline for safe and eco-friendly biomass gasification}
author = {Vos, J, Knoef, H, and Hauth, M}
abstractNote = {The objective of the Gasification Guide project is to accelerate the market penetration of small-scale biomass gasification systems (< 5 MW fuel power) by the development of a Guideline and Software Tool to facilitate risk assessment of HSE aspects. The Guideline may also be applied in retrofitting or converting old thermal plants in the Eastern European countries - with rich biomass recourses - to new gasification plants. The objective of this document is to guide key target groups identifying potential hazards and make a proper risk assessment. The software tool is an additional aid in the risk assessment. This guideline is intended to be a training tool and a resource for workers and employers to safely design, fabricate, construct, operate and maintain small-scale biomass gasification facilities. The Guideline is applicable with the following constraints: 1) The maximum scale of the gasification plant was agreed to be about 1 MW{sub e}. The reason is that large companies do have normally their safety rules in place; 2) This means in principle only fixed bed gasifier designs. However, most parts are also valid to other designs and even other thermal conversion processes; 3) The use of contaminated biomass is beyond the scope of this Guideline. The Guideline contains five major chapters; Chapter 2 briefly describes the gasification technology in general. Chapter 3 gives an overview of major legal framework issues on plant permission and operation. The legal frame is changing and the description is based on the situation by the end of 2007. Chapter 4 explains the theory behind the risk assessment method and risk reduction measures. Chapter 5 is the heart of the Guideline and gives practical examples of good design, operation and maintenance principles. The practical examples and feedback have been received throughout the project and the description is based on mid-2009. Chapter 6 describes the best techniques currently available for emission abatement which are used in biomass gasification plants. The following important information can be downloaded from the project website www.gasification-guide.eu: 1. Software Tool 'Risk Analyzer' for easy risk assessment of biomass gasification plants. The software tool is java-script based and the associated manual can also be downloaded. 2. A checklist for permitting authorities to make a quick risk assessment. 3. Several comprehensive reports as deliverables from the project. (LN)}
place = {Denmark}
year = {2009}
month = {Nov}
}