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Title: Helium process cycle

Abstract

A unique process cycle and apparatus design separates the consumer (cryogenic) load return flow from most of the recycle return flow of a refrigerator and/or liquefier process cycle. The refrigerator and/or liquefier process recycle return flow is recompressed by a multi-stage compressor set and the consumer load return flow is recompressed by an independent consumer load compressor set that maintains a desirable constant suction pressure using a consumer load bypass control valve and the consumer load return pressure control valve that controls the consumer load compressor's suction pressure. The discharge pressure of this consumer load compressor is thereby allowed to float at the intermediate pressure in between the first and second stage recycle compressor sets. Utilizing the unique gas management valve regulation, the unique process cycle and apparatus design in which the consumer load return flow is separate from the recycle return flow, the pressure ratios of each recycle compressor stage and all main pressures associated with the recycle return flow are allowed to vary naturally, thus providing a naturally regulated and balanced floating pressure process cycle that maintains optimal efficiency at design and off-design process cycle capacity and conditions automatically.

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. Yorktown, VA
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
ORO (Oak Ridge Operations, Oak Ridge, TN (United States))
Sponsoring Org.:
USDOE
OSTI Identifier:
985513
Patent Number(s):
7409834
Application Number:
11/267,730; TRN: US201016%%2031
Assignee:
Jefferson Science Associates LLC (Newport News, VA)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
F - MECHANICAL ENGINEERING F25 - REFRIGERATION OR COOLING F25B - REFRIGERATION MACHINES, PLANTS OR SYSTEMS
DOE Contract Number:  
AC05-84ER40150
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; CAPACITY; COMPRESSORS; DESIGN; EFFICIENCY; HELIUM; MANAGEMENT; PRESSURE CONTROL; REFRIGERATORS; VALVES; VAPOR CONDENSERS

Citation Formats

Ganni, Venkatarao. Helium process cycle. United States: N. p., 2008. Web.
Ganni, Venkatarao. Helium process cycle. United States.
Ganni, Venkatarao. Tue . "Helium process cycle". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/985513.
@article{osti_985513,
title = {Helium process cycle},
author = {Ganni, Venkatarao},
abstractNote = {A unique process cycle and apparatus design separates the consumer (cryogenic) load return flow from most of the recycle return flow of a refrigerator and/or liquefier process cycle. The refrigerator and/or liquefier process recycle return flow is recompressed by a multi-stage compressor set and the consumer load return flow is recompressed by an independent consumer load compressor set that maintains a desirable constant suction pressure using a consumer load bypass control valve and the consumer load return pressure control valve that controls the consumer load compressor's suction pressure. The discharge pressure of this consumer load compressor is thereby allowed to float at the intermediate pressure in between the first and second stage recycle compressor sets. Utilizing the unique gas management valve regulation, the unique process cycle and apparatus design in which the consumer load return flow is separate from the recycle return flow, the pressure ratios of each recycle compressor stage and all main pressures associated with the recycle return flow are allowed to vary naturally, thus providing a naturally regulated and balanced floating pressure process cycle that maintains optimal efficiency at design and off-design process cycle capacity and conditions automatically.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2008},
month = {8}
}

Patent:

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