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Title: Micro-Machined Thin Film Sensor Arrays For The Detection Of H2, Containing Gases, And Method Of Making And Using The Same.

Abstract

The present invention provides a hydrogen sensor including a thin film sensor element formed by metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) or physical vapor deposition (PVD), on a micro-hotplate structure. The thin film sensor element includes a film of a hydrogen-interactive metal film that reversibly interacts with hydrogen to provide a correspondingly altered response characteristic, such as optical transmissivity, electrical conductance, electrical resistance, electrical capacitance, magneto resistance, photoconductivity, etc., relative to the response characteristic of the film in the absence of hydrogen. The hydrogen-interactive metal film may be overcoated with a thin film hydrogen-permeable barrier layer to protect the hydrogen-interactive film from deleterious interaction with non-hydrogen species. The hydrogen permeable barrier may comprise species to scavenge oxygen and other like species. The hydrogen sensor of the invention may be usefully employed for the detection of hydrogen in an environment susceptible to the incursion or generation of hydrogen and may be conveniently configured as a hand-held apparatus.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. (Danbury, CT)
  2. New Fairfield, CT
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Advanced Technology Materials, Inc. (Danbury, CT)
OSTI Identifier:
880423
Patent Number(s):
6596236
Application Number:
10/828115
Assignee:
Advanced Technology Materials, Inc. (Danbury, CT)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
Y - NEW / CROSS SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES Y10 - TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC Y10T - TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER US CLASSIFICATION
G - PHYSICS G01 - MEASURING G01N - INVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
DOE Contract Number:  
FC36-99GO10451
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English

Citation Formats

DiMeo, Jr., Frank, and Baum, Thomas H. Micro-Machined Thin Film Sensor Arrays For The Detection Of H2, Containing Gases, And Method Of Making And Using The Same.. United States: N. p., 2003. Web.
DiMeo, Jr., Frank, & Baum, Thomas H. Micro-Machined Thin Film Sensor Arrays For The Detection Of H2, Containing Gases, And Method Of Making And Using The Same.. United States.
DiMeo, Jr., Frank, and Baum, Thomas H. Tue . "Micro-Machined Thin Film Sensor Arrays For The Detection Of H2, Containing Gases, And Method Of Making And Using The Same.". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/880423.
@article{osti_880423,
title = {Micro-Machined Thin Film Sensor Arrays For The Detection Of H2, Containing Gases, And Method Of Making And Using The Same.},
author = {DiMeo, Jr., Frank and Baum, Thomas H},
abstractNote = {The present invention provides a hydrogen sensor including a thin film sensor element formed by metal organic chemical vapor deposition (MOCVD) or physical vapor deposition (PVD), on a micro-hotplate structure. The thin film sensor element includes a film of a hydrogen-interactive metal film that reversibly interacts with hydrogen to provide a correspondingly altered response characteristic, such as optical transmissivity, electrical conductance, electrical resistance, electrical capacitance, magneto resistance, photoconductivity, etc., relative to the response characteristic of the film in the absence of hydrogen. The hydrogen-interactive metal film may be overcoated with a thin film hydrogen-permeable barrier layer to protect the hydrogen-interactive film from deleterious interaction with non-hydrogen species. The hydrogen permeable barrier may comprise species to scavenge oxygen and other like species. The hydrogen sensor of the invention may be usefully employed for the detection of hydrogen in an environment susceptible to the incursion or generation of hydrogen and may be conveniently configured as a hand-held apparatus.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2003},
month = {7}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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  • DiMeo, F.; Cavicchi, R. E.; Semancik, S.
  • Journal of Vacuum Science & Technology A: Vacuum, Surfaces, and Films, Vol. 16, Issue 1
  • https://doi.org/10.1116/1.580959

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