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Title: Absorption media for irreversibly gettering thionyl chloride

Abstract

Thionyl chloride is a hazardous and reactive chemical used as the liquid cathode in commercial primary batteries. Contrary to previous thinking, ASZM-TEDA.RTM. carbon (Calgon Corporation) reversibly absorbs thionyl chloride. Thus, several candidate materials were examined as irreversible getters for thionyl chloride. The capacity, rate and effect of temperature were also explored. A wide variety of likely materials were investigated through screening experiments focusing on the degree of heat generated by the reaction as well as the material absorption capacity and irreversibility, in order to help narrow the group of possible getter choices. More thorough, quantitative measurements were performed on promising materials. The best performing getter was a mixture of ZnO and ASZM-TEDA.RTM. carbon. In this example, the ZnO reacts with thionyl chloride to form ZnCl.sub.2 and SO.sub.2. The SO.sub.2 is then irreversibly gettered by ASZM-TEDA.RTM. carbon. This combination of ZnO and carbon has a high capacity, is irreversible and functions effectively above -20.degree. C.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. Tracy, CA
  2. Livermore, CA
  3. Albuquerque, NM
  4. (Danville, CA)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), Albuquerque, NM, and Livermore, CA (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
874836
Patent Number(s):
6471886
Assignee:
Sandia National Laboratories (Livermore, CA)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B01 - PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL B01J - CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
absorption; media; irreversibly; gettering; thionyl; chloride; hazardous; reactive; chemical; liquid; cathode; commercial; primary; batteries; contrary; previous; thinking; aszm-tedartm; carbon; calgon; corporation; reversibly; absorbs; candidate; materials; examined; irreversible; getters; capacity; rate; effect; temperature; explored; wide; variety; investigated; screening; experiments; focusing; degree; heat; generated; reaction; material; irreversibility; help; narrow; getter; choices; thorough; quantitative; measurements; performed; promising; performing; mixture; zno; example; reacts; form; znclsub2; sosub2; gettered; combination; functions; effectively; -20degree; heat generated; reactive chemical; thionyl chloride; /252/423/502/

Citation Formats

Buffleben, George, Goods, Steven H, Shepodd, Timothy, Wheeler, David R, and Whinnery, Jr., LeRoy. Absorption media for irreversibly gettering thionyl chloride. United States: N. p., 2002. Web.
Buffleben, George, Goods, Steven H, Shepodd, Timothy, Wheeler, David R, & Whinnery, Jr., LeRoy. Absorption media for irreversibly gettering thionyl chloride. United States.
Buffleben, George, Goods, Steven H, Shepodd, Timothy, Wheeler, David R, and Whinnery, Jr., LeRoy. Tue . "Absorption media for irreversibly gettering thionyl chloride". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/874836.
@article{osti_874836,
title = {Absorption media for irreversibly gettering thionyl chloride},
author = {Buffleben, George and Goods, Steven H and Shepodd, Timothy and Wheeler, David R and Whinnery, Jr., LeRoy},
abstractNote = {Thionyl chloride is a hazardous and reactive chemical used as the liquid cathode in commercial primary batteries. Contrary to previous thinking, ASZM-TEDA.RTM. carbon (Calgon Corporation) reversibly absorbs thionyl chloride. Thus, several candidate materials were examined as irreversible getters for thionyl chloride. The capacity, rate and effect of temperature were also explored. A wide variety of likely materials were investigated through screening experiments focusing on the degree of heat generated by the reaction as well as the material absorption capacity and irreversibility, in order to help narrow the group of possible getter choices. More thorough, quantitative measurements were performed on promising materials. The best performing getter was a mixture of ZnO and ASZM-TEDA.RTM. carbon. In this example, the ZnO reacts with thionyl chloride to form ZnCl.sub.2 and SO.sub.2. The SO.sub.2 is then irreversibly gettered by ASZM-TEDA.RTM. carbon. This combination of ZnO and carbon has a high capacity, is irreversible and functions effectively above -20.degree. C.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2002},
month = {1}
}

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