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Title: Apparatus to collect, classify, concentrate, and characterize gas-borne particles

Abstract

An aerosol lab-on-a-chip (ALOC) integrates one or more of a variety of aerosol collection, classification, concentration (enrichment), and characterization processes onto a single substrate or layered stack of such substrates. By taking advantage of modern micro-machining capabilities, an entire suite of discrete laboratory aerosol handling and characterization techniques can be combined in a single portable device that can provide a wealth of data on the aerosol being sampled. The ALOC offers parallel characterization techniques and close proximity of the various characterization modules helps ensure that the same aerosol is available to all devices (dramatically reducing sampling and transport errors). Micro-machine fabrication of the ALOC significantly reduces unit costs relative to existing technology, and enables the fabrication of small, portable ALOC devices, as well as the potential for rugged design to allow operation in harsh environments. Miniaturization also offers the potential of working with smaller particle sizes and lower pressure drops (leading to reduction of power consumption).

Inventors:
 [1];  [1];  [2];  [1]
  1. Albuquerque, NM
  2. Lafayette, CA
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), Albuquerque, NM, and Livermore, CA (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
874418
Patent Number(s):
6386015
Assignee:
Sandia Corporation (Livermore, CA)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
G - PHYSICS G01 - MEASURING G01N - INVESTIGATING OR ANALYSING MATERIALS BY DETERMINING THEIR CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
apparatus; collect; classify; concentrate; characterize; gas-borne; particles; aerosol; lab-on-a-chip; aloc; integrates; variety; collection; classification; concentration; enrichment; characterization; processes; single; substrate; layered; stack; substrates; taking; advantage; modern; micro-machining; capabilities; entire; suite; discrete; laboratory; handling; techniques; combined; portable; device; provide; wealth; data; sampled; offers; parallel; close; proximity; modules; helps; ensure; available; devices; dramatically; reducing; sampling; transport; errors; micro-machine; fabrication; significantly; reduces; unit; costs; existing; technology; enables; potential; rugged; design; allow; operation; harsh; environments; miniaturization; particle; sizes; pressure; drops; leading; reduction; power; consumption; particle size; power consumption; /73/

Citation Formats

Rader, Daniel J, Torczynski, John R, Wally, Karl, and Brockmann, John E. Apparatus to collect, classify, concentrate, and characterize gas-borne particles. United States: N. p., 2002. Web.
Rader, Daniel J, Torczynski, John R, Wally, Karl, & Brockmann, John E. Apparatus to collect, classify, concentrate, and characterize gas-borne particles. United States.
Rader, Daniel J, Torczynski, John R, Wally, Karl, and Brockmann, John E. Tue . "Apparatus to collect, classify, concentrate, and characterize gas-borne particles". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/874418.
@article{osti_874418,
title = {Apparatus to collect, classify, concentrate, and characterize gas-borne particles},
author = {Rader, Daniel J and Torczynski, John R and Wally, Karl and Brockmann, John E},
abstractNote = {An aerosol lab-on-a-chip (ALOC) integrates one or more of a variety of aerosol collection, classification, concentration (enrichment), and characterization processes onto a single substrate or layered stack of such substrates. By taking advantage of modern micro-machining capabilities, an entire suite of discrete laboratory aerosol handling and characterization techniques can be combined in a single portable device that can provide a wealth of data on the aerosol being sampled. The ALOC offers parallel characterization techniques and close proximity of the various characterization modules helps ensure that the same aerosol is available to all devices (dramatically reducing sampling and transport errors). Micro-machine fabrication of the ALOC significantly reduces unit costs relative to existing technology, and enables the fabrication of small, portable ALOC devices, as well as the potential for rugged design to allow operation in harsh environments. Miniaturization also offers the potential of working with smaller particle sizes and lower pressure drops (leading to reduction of power consumption).},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2002},
month = {1}
}

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