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Title: Pre-release plastic packaging of MEMS and IMEMS devices

Abstract

A method is disclosed for pre-release plastic packaging of MEMS and IMEMS devices. The method can include encapsulating the MEMS device in a transfer molded plastic package. Next, a perforation can be made in the package to provide access to the MEMS elements. The non-ablative material removal process can include wet etching, dry etching, mechanical machining, water jet cutting, and ultrasonic machining, or any combination thereof. Finally, the MEMS elements can be released by using either a wet etching or dry plasma etching process. The MEMS elements can be protected with a parylene protective coating. After releasing the MEMS elements, an anti-stiction coating can be applied. The perforating step can be applied to both sides of the device or package. A cover lid can be attached to the face of the package after releasing any MEMS elements. The cover lid can include a window for providing optical access. The method can be applied to any plastic packaged microelectronic device that requires access to the environment, including chemical, pressure, or temperature-sensitive microsensors; CCD chips, photocells, laser diodes, VCSEL's, and UV-EPROMS. The present method places the high-risk packaging steps ahead of the release of the fragile portions of the device. It alsomore » provides protection for the die in shipment between the molding house and the house that will release the MEMS elements and subsequently treat the surfaces.« less

Inventors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Albuquerque, NM
  2. Tijeras, NM
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Sandia National Laboratories (SNL), Albuquerque, NM, and Livermore, CA (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
874389
Patent Number(s):
6379988
Assignee:
Sandia Corporation (Albuquerque, NM)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
H - ELECTRICITY H01 - BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS H01L - SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B81 - MICROSTRUCTURAL TECHNOLOGY B81C - PROCESSES OR APPARATUS SPECIALLY ADAPTED FOR THE MANUFACTURE OR TREATMENT OF MICROSTRUCTURAL DEVICES OR SYSTEMS
DOE Contract Number:  
AC04-94AL85000
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
pre-release; plastic; packaging; mems; imems; devices; method; disclosed; encapsulating; device; transfer; molded; package; perforation; provide; access; elements; non-ablative; material; removal; process; wet; etching; dry; mechanical; machining; water; jet; cutting; ultrasonic; combination; finally; released; plasma; protected; parylene; protective; coating; releasing; anti-stiction; applied; perforating; step; cover; lid; attached; window; providing; optical; packaged; microelectronic; requires; environment; including; chemical; pressure; temperature-sensitive; microsensors; ccd; chips; photocells; laser; diodes; vcsels; uv-eproms; high-risk; steps; ahead; release; fragile; portions; provides; protection; die; shipment; molding; house; subsequently; treat; surfaces; laser diode; wet etching; /438/

Citation Formats

Peterson, Kenneth A, and Conley, William R. Pre-release plastic packaging of MEMS and IMEMS devices. United States: N. p., 2002. Web.
Peterson, Kenneth A, & Conley, William R. Pre-release plastic packaging of MEMS and IMEMS devices. United States.
Peterson, Kenneth A, and Conley, William R. Tue . "Pre-release plastic packaging of MEMS and IMEMS devices". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/874389.
@article{osti_874389,
title = {Pre-release plastic packaging of MEMS and IMEMS devices},
author = {Peterson, Kenneth A and Conley, William R},
abstractNote = {A method is disclosed for pre-release plastic packaging of MEMS and IMEMS devices. The method can include encapsulating the MEMS device in a transfer molded plastic package. Next, a perforation can be made in the package to provide access to the MEMS elements. The non-ablative material removal process can include wet etching, dry etching, mechanical machining, water jet cutting, and ultrasonic machining, or any combination thereof. Finally, the MEMS elements can be released by using either a wet etching or dry plasma etching process. The MEMS elements can be protected with a parylene protective coating. After releasing the MEMS elements, an anti-stiction coating can be applied. The perforating step can be applied to both sides of the device or package. A cover lid can be attached to the face of the package after releasing any MEMS elements. The cover lid can include a window for providing optical access. The method can be applied to any plastic packaged microelectronic device that requires access to the environment, including chemical, pressure, or temperature-sensitive microsensors; CCD chips, photocells, laser diodes, VCSEL's, and UV-EPROMS. The present method places the high-risk packaging steps ahead of the release of the fragile portions of the device. It also provides protection for the die in shipment between the molding house and the house that will release the MEMS elements and subsequently treat the surfaces.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2002},
month = {1}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

Post-Packaging Release a New Concept for Surface-Micromachined Devices
conference, June 1998


Multichip module packaging of microelectromechanical systems
journal, October 1998


Low-stress 3d packaging of a microsystem
journal, June 1998


Low-cost plastic sensor packaging using the open-window package concept
journal, May 1998