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Title: Methods of chemically converting first materials to second materials utilizing hybrid-plasma systems

Abstract

In one aspect, the invention encompasses a method of chemically converting a first material to a second material. A first plasma and a second plasma are formed, and the first plasma is in fluid communication with the second plasma. The second plasma comprises activated hydrogen and oxygen, and is formed from a water vapor. A first material is flowed into the first plasma to at least partially ionize at least a portion of the first material. The at least partially ionized first material is flowed into the second plasma to react at least some components of the first material with at least one of the activated hydrogen and activated oxygen. Such converts at least some of the first material to a second material. In another aspect, the invention encompasses a method of forming a synthetic gas by flowing a hydrocarbon-containing material into a hybrid-plasma system. In yet another aspect, the invention encompasses a method of degrading a hydrocarbon-containing material by flowing such material into a hybrid-plasma system. In yet another aspect, the invention encompasses a method of releasing an inorganic component of a complex comprising the inorganic component and an other component, wherein the complex is flowed through a hybrid-plasmamore » system.« less

Inventors:
 [1];  [1]
  1. Idaho Falls, ID
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
874348
Patent Number(s):
6372156
Assignee:
Bechtel BWXT Idaho, LLC (Idaho Falls, ID)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
B - PERFORMING OPERATIONS B01 - PHYSICAL OR CHEMICAL PROCESSES OR APPARATUS IN GENERAL B01J - CHEMICAL OR PHYSICAL PROCESSES, e.g. CATALYSIS OR COLLOID CHEMISTRY
C - CHEMISTRY C01 - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY C01B - NON-METALLIC ELEMENTS
DOE Contract Number:  
AC07-94ID13223
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
methods; chemically; converting; materials; utilizing; hybrid-plasma; systems; aspect; encompasses; method; material; plasma; formed; fluid; communication; activated; hydrogen; oxygen; water; vapor; flowed; partially; ionize; portion; ionized; react; components; converts; forming; synthetic; gas; flowing; hydrocarbon-containing; degrading; releasing; inorganic; component; complex; comprising; water vapor; fluid communication; /252/75/423/588/

Citation Formats

Kong, Peter C, and Grandy, Jon D. Methods of chemically converting first materials to second materials utilizing hybrid-plasma systems. United States: N. p., 2002. Web.
Kong, Peter C, & Grandy, Jon D. Methods of chemically converting first materials to second materials utilizing hybrid-plasma systems. United States.
Kong, Peter C, and Grandy, Jon D. Tue . "Methods of chemically converting first materials to second materials utilizing hybrid-plasma systems". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/874348.
@article{osti_874348,
title = {Methods of chemically converting first materials to second materials utilizing hybrid-plasma systems},
author = {Kong, Peter C and Grandy, Jon D},
abstractNote = {In one aspect, the invention encompasses a method of chemically converting a first material to a second material. A first plasma and a second plasma are formed, and the first plasma is in fluid communication with the second plasma. The second plasma comprises activated hydrogen and oxygen, and is formed from a water vapor. A first material is flowed into the first plasma to at least partially ionize at least a portion of the first material. The at least partially ionized first material is flowed into the second plasma to react at least some components of the first material with at least one of the activated hydrogen and activated oxygen. Such converts at least some of the first material to a second material. In another aspect, the invention encompasses a method of forming a synthetic gas by flowing a hydrocarbon-containing material into a hybrid-plasma system. In yet another aspect, the invention encompasses a method of degrading a hydrocarbon-containing material by flowing such material into a hybrid-plasma system. In yet another aspect, the invention encompasses a method of releasing an inorganic component of a complex comprising the inorganic component and an other component, wherein the complex is flowed through a hybrid-plasma system.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2002},
month = {1}
}

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