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Title: Methods of vitrifying waste with low melting high lithia glass compositions

Abstract

The invention relates to methods of vitrifying waste and for lowering the melting point of glass forming systems by including lithia formers in the glass forming composition in significant amounts, typically from about 0.16 wt % to about 11 wt %, based on the total glass forming oxides. The lithia is typically included as a replacement for alkali oxide glass formers that would normally be present in a particular glass forming system. Replacement can occur on a mole percent or weight percent basis, and typically results in a composition wherein lithia forms about 10 wt % to about 100 wt % of the alkali oxide glass formers present in the composition. The present invention also relates to the high lithia glass compositions formed by these methods. The invention is useful for stabilization of numerous types of waste materials, including aqueous waste streams, sludge solids, mixtures of aqueous supernate and sludge solids, combinations of spent filter aids from waste water treatment and waste sludges, supernate alone, incinerator ash, incinerator offgas blowdown, or combinations thereof, geological mine tailings and sludges, asbestos, inorganic filter media, cement waste forms in need of remediation, spent or partially spent ion exchange resins or zeolites, contaminated soils,more » lead paint, etc. The decrease in melting point achieved by the present invention desirably prevents volatilization of hazardous or radioactive species during vitrification.« less

Inventors:
 [1];  [1];  [1];  [1]
  1. Aiken, SC
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
873847
Patent Number(s):
6258994
Assignee:
Westinghouse Savannah River Company ()
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
C - CHEMISTRY C03 - GLASS C03C - CHEMICAL COMPOSITION OF GLASSES, GLAZES, OR VITREOUS ENAMELS
Y - NEW / CROSS SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES Y10 - TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC Y10S - TECHNICAL SUBJECTS COVERED BY FORMER USPC CROSS-REFERENCE ART COLLECTIONS [XRACs] AND DIGESTS
DOE Contract Number:  
AC09-89SR18035
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
methods; vitrifying; waste; melting; lithia; glass; compositions; relates; lowering; forming; systems; including; formers; composition; significant; amounts; typically; 16; wt; 11; based; total; oxides; included; replacement; alkali; oxide; normally; particular; occur; mole; percent; weight; basis; results; forms; 10; 100; formed; useful; stabilization; numerous; types; materials; aqueous; streams; sludge; solids; mixtures; supernate; combinations; spent; filter; aids; water; treatment; sludges; incinerator; ash; offgas; blowdown; geological; mine; tailings; asbestos; inorganic; media; cement; remediation; partially; exchange; resins; zeolites; contaminated; soils; lead; paint; etc; decrease; achieved; desirably; prevents; volatilization; hazardous; radioactive; species; vitrification; waste sludges; glass former; contaminated soils; oxide glass; alkali oxide; radioactive species; water treatment; contaminated soil; glass compositions; filter media; waste form; glass forming; partially spent; significant amounts; waste water; waste stream; exchange resin; waste material; weight percent; mole percent; waste materials; exchange resins; glass composition; waste streams; waste forms; glass formers; aqueous waste; vitrifying waste; particular glass; mine tailings; significant amount; spent filter; offgas blowdown; filter aids; incinerator ash; active species; lithia glass; forming oxides; forming composition; incinerator offgas; forming systems; including lithia; organic filter; lithia formers; /588/

Citation Formats

Jantzen, Carol M, Pickett, John B, Cicero-Herman, Connie A, and Marra, James C. Methods of vitrifying waste with low melting high lithia glass compositions. United States: N. p., 2001. Web.
Jantzen, Carol M, Pickett, John B, Cicero-Herman, Connie A, & Marra, James C. Methods of vitrifying waste with low melting high lithia glass compositions. United States.
Jantzen, Carol M, Pickett, John B, Cicero-Herman, Connie A, and Marra, James C. Mon . "Methods of vitrifying waste with low melting high lithia glass compositions". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/873847.
@article{osti_873847,
title = {Methods of vitrifying waste with low melting high lithia glass compositions},
author = {Jantzen, Carol M and Pickett, John B and Cicero-Herman, Connie A and Marra, James C},
abstractNote = {The invention relates to methods of vitrifying waste and for lowering the melting point of glass forming systems by including lithia formers in the glass forming composition in significant amounts, typically from about 0.16 wt % to about 11 wt %, based on the total glass forming oxides. The lithia is typically included as a replacement for alkali oxide glass formers that would normally be present in a particular glass forming system. Replacement can occur on a mole percent or weight percent basis, and typically results in a composition wherein lithia forms about 10 wt % to about 100 wt % of the alkali oxide glass formers present in the composition. The present invention also relates to the high lithia glass compositions formed by these methods. The invention is useful for stabilization of numerous types of waste materials, including aqueous waste streams, sludge solids, mixtures of aqueous supernate and sludge solids, combinations of spent filter aids from waste water treatment and waste sludges, supernate alone, incinerator ash, incinerator offgas blowdown, or combinations thereof, geological mine tailings and sludges, asbestos, inorganic filter media, cement waste forms in need of remediation, spent or partially spent ion exchange resins or zeolites, contaminated soils, lead paint, etc. The decrease in melting point achieved by the present invention desirably prevents volatilization of hazardous or radioactive species during vitrification.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2001},
month = {1}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

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journal, March 1941


Elastic and Viscous Properties of Several Potash-Silica Glasses in the Annealing Range of Temperature*
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Systems approach to nuclear waste glass development
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Ion-channel match in mixed alkali glasses
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Elastic and Viscous Properties of Several Soda-Silica Glasses in the Annealing Range of Temperature
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Elastic and Viscous Properties of Several Soda-Silica Glasses in the Annealing Range of Temperature
journal, January 1937