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Title: Apparatus for converting hydrocarbon fuel into hydrogen gas and carbon dioxide

A hydrocarbon fuel reformer (200) is disclosed suitable for producing synthesis hydrogen gas from reactions with hydrocarbons fuels, oxygen, and steam. The reformer (200) comprises first and second tubes (208,218). The first tube (208) includes a first catalyst (214) and receives a first mixture of steam and a first fuel. The second tube (218) is annularly disposed about the first tube (208) and receives a second mixture of an oxygen-containing gas and a second fuel. In one embodiment, a third tube (224) is annularly disposed about the second tube (218) and receives a first reaction reformate from the first tube (208) and a second reaction reformate from the second tube (218). A catalyst reforming zone (260) annularly disposed about the third tube (224) may be provided to subject reformate constituents to a shift reaction. In another embodiment, a fractionator is provided to distill first and second fuels from a fuel supply source.
Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4]
  1. (Dover, MA)
  2. (Belmont, MA)
  3. (Westford, MA)
  4. (Cambridge, MA)
Issue Date:
OSTI Identifier:
873820
Assignee:
Arthur D. Little, Inc. (Cambridge, MA) OSTI
Patent Number(s):
US 6254839
Contract Number:
AC02-92CE50343
Research Org:
ARTHUR D LITTLE INC
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
apparatus; converting; hydrocarbon; fuel; hydrogen; gas; carbon; dioxide; reformer; 200; disclosed; suitable; producing; synthesis; reactions; hydrocarbons; fuels; oxygen; steam; comprises; tubes; 208; 218; tube; catalyst; 214; receives; mixture; annularly; disposed; oxygen-containing; embodiment; third; 224; reaction; reformate; reforming; zone; 260; provided; subject; constituents; shift; fractionator; distill; supply; source; reaction reformate; annularly disposed; converting hydrocarbon; reforming zone; fuel supply; oxygen-containing gas; hydrocarbon fuel; hydrogen gas; carbon dioxide; containing gas; shift reaction; producing synthesis; fuel reformer; synthesis hydrogen; hydrocarbons fuels; disclosed suitable; /422/423/