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Title: Solid composite electrolytes for lithium batteries

Abstract

Solid composite electrolytes are provided for use in lithium batteries which exhibit moderate to high ionic conductivity at ambient temperatures and low activation energies. In one embodiment, a polymer-ceramic composite electrolyte containing poly(ethylene oxide), lithium tetrafluoroborate and titanium dioxide is provided in the form of an annealed film having a room temperature conductivity of from 10.sup.-5 S cm.sup.-1 to 10.sup.-3 S cm.sup.-1 and an activation energy of about 0.5 eV.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2]
  1. Dayton, OH
  2. (Fairborn, OH)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
United States Air Force
OSTI Identifier:
873566
Patent Number(s):
6190806
Assignee:
University of Dayton (Dayton, OH)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
H - ELECTRICITY H01 - BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS H01M - PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
Y - NEW / CROSS SECTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES Y02 - TECHNOLOGIES OR APPLICATIONS FOR MITIGATION OR ADAPTATION AGAINST CLIMATE CHANGE Y02E - REDUCTION OF GREENHOUSE GAS [GHG] EMISSIONS, RELATED TO ENERGY GENERATION, TRANSMISSION OR DISTRIBUTION
DOE Contract Number:  
F33615-93-C-2350
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
solid; composite; electrolytes; lithium; batteries; provided; exhibit; moderate; ionic; conductivity; ambient; temperatures; activation; energies; embodiment; polymer-ceramic; electrolyte; containing; poly; ethylene; oxide; tetrafluoroborate; titanium; dioxide; form; annealed; film; temperature; 10; -5; cm; -1; -3; energy; solid composite; ionic conductivity; electrolyte containing; ceramic composite; ambient temperature; lithium batteries; titanium dioxide; activation energy; ambient temperatures; composite electrolytes; containing poly; composite electrolyte; exhibit moderate; activation energies; /429/252/

Citation Formats

Kumar, Binod, and Scanlon, Jr., Lawrence G.. Solid composite electrolytes for lithium batteries. United States: N. p., 2001. Web.
Kumar, Binod, & Scanlon, Jr., Lawrence G.. Solid composite electrolytes for lithium batteries. United States.
Kumar, Binod, and Scanlon, Jr., Lawrence G.. Mon . "Solid composite electrolytes for lithium batteries". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/873566.
@article{osti_873566,
title = {Solid composite electrolytes for lithium batteries},
author = {Kumar, Binod and Scanlon, Jr., Lawrence G.},
abstractNote = {Solid composite electrolytes are provided for use in lithium batteries which exhibit moderate to high ionic conductivity at ambient temperatures and low activation energies. In one embodiment, a polymer-ceramic composite electrolyte containing poly(ethylene oxide), lithium tetrafluoroborate and titanium dioxide is provided in the form of an annealed film having a room temperature conductivity of from 10.sup.-5 S cm.sup.-1 to 10.sup.-3 S cm.sup.-1 and an activation energy of about 0.5 eV.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2001},
month = {1}
}

Works referenced in this record:

Effect of composition and imperfections on ion transport in lithium iodine
journal, October 1981


Polymer nanocomposites: a new strategy for synthesizing solid electrolytes for rechargeable lithium batteries
journal, April 1995


Mixed phase solid electrolytes
journal, September 1988


Composite Polymer Electrolytes
journal, July 1991


Polymer-ceramic composite electrolytes
journal, December 1994