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Title: Partial oxidation catalyst

Abstract

A two-part catalyst comprising a dehydrogenation portion and an oxide-ion conducting portion. The dehydrogenation portion is a group VIII metal and the oxide-ion conducting portion is selected from a ceramic oxide crystallizing in the fluorite or perovskite structure. There is also disclosed a method of forming a hydrogen rich gas from a source of hydrocarbon fuel in which the hydrocarbon fuel contacts a two-part catalyst comprising a dehydrogenation portion and an oxide-ion conducting portion at a temperature not less than about 400.degree. C. for a time sufficient to generate the hydrogen rich gas while maintaining CO content less than about 5 volume percent. There is also disclosed a method of forming partially oxidized hydrocarbons from ethanes in which ethane gas contacts a two-part catalyst comprising a dehydrogenation portion and an oxide-ion conducting portion for a time and at a temperature sufficient to form an oxide.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [1];  [3]
  1. Naperville, IL
  2. Bolingbrook, IL
  3. Downers Grove, IL
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
OSTI Identifier:
873201
Patent Number(s):
6110861
Assignee:
University of Chicago (Chicago, IL)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
C - CHEMISTRY C01 - INORGANIC CHEMISTRY C01B - NON-METALLIC ELEMENTS
H - ELECTRICITY H01 - BASIC ELECTRIC ELEMENTS H01M - PROCESSES OR MEANS, e.g. BATTERIES, FOR THE DIRECT CONVERSION OF CHEMICAL ENERGY INTO ELECTRICAL ENERGY
DOE Contract Number:  
W-31109-ENG-38
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
partial; oxidation; catalyst; two-part; comprising; dehydrogenation; portion; oxide-ion; conducting; viii; metal; selected; ceramic; oxide; crystallizing; fluorite; perovskite; structure; disclosed; method; forming; hydrogen; rich; gas; source; hydrocarbon; fuel; contacts; temperature; 400; degree; time; sufficient; generate; maintaining; content; volume; percent; partially; oxidized; hydrocarbons; ethanes; ethane; form; oxide-ion conducting; perovskite structure; dehydrogenation portion; two-part catalyst; viii metal; partial oxidation; volume percent; hydrocarbon fuel; time sufficient; temperature sufficient; catalyst comprising; ceramic oxide; conducting portion; oxidation catalyst; hydrogen rich; partially oxidized; rich gas; oxide crystal; partially oxidize; ethane gas; gas contacts; fuel contacts; gas contact; /502/204/429/501/

Citation Formats

Krumpelt, Michael, Ahmed, Shabbir, Kumar, Romesh, and Doshi, Rajiv. Partial oxidation catalyst. United States: N. p., 2000. Web.
Krumpelt, Michael, Ahmed, Shabbir, Kumar, Romesh, & Doshi, Rajiv. Partial oxidation catalyst. United States.
Krumpelt, Michael, Ahmed, Shabbir, Kumar, Romesh, and Doshi, Rajiv. Sat . "Partial oxidation catalyst". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/873201.
@article{osti_873201,
title = {Partial oxidation catalyst},
author = {Krumpelt, Michael and Ahmed, Shabbir and Kumar, Romesh and Doshi, Rajiv},
abstractNote = {A two-part catalyst comprising a dehydrogenation portion and an oxide-ion conducting portion. The dehydrogenation portion is a group VIII metal and the oxide-ion conducting portion is selected from a ceramic oxide crystallizing in the fluorite or perovskite structure. There is also disclosed a method of forming a hydrogen rich gas from a source of hydrocarbon fuel in which the hydrocarbon fuel contacts a two-part catalyst comprising a dehydrogenation portion and an oxide-ion conducting portion at a temperature not less than about 400.degree. C. for a time sufficient to generate the hydrogen rich gas while maintaining CO content less than about 5 volume percent. There is also disclosed a method of forming partially oxidized hydrocarbons from ethanes in which ethane gas contacts a two-part catalyst comprising a dehydrogenation portion and an oxide-ion conducting portion for a time and at a temperature sufficient to form an oxide.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {1}
}