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Title: In-situ short circuit protection system and method for high-energy electrochemical cells

Abstract

An in-situ thermal management system for an energy storage device. The energy storage device includes a plurality of energy storage cells each being coupled in parallel to common positive and negative connections. Each of the energy storage cells, in accordance with the cell's technology, dimensions, and thermal/electrical properties, is configured to have a ratio of energy content-to-contact surface area such that thermal energy produced by a short-circuit in a particular cell is conducted to a cell adjacent the particular cell so as to prevent the temperature of the particular cell from exceeding a breakdown temperature. In one embodiment, a fuse is coupled in series with each of a number of energy storage cells. The fuses are activated by a current spike capacitively produced by a cell upon occurrence of a short-circuit in the cell, thereby electrically isolating the short-circuited cell from the common positive and negative connections.

Inventors:
 [1];  [2];  [3];  [4];  [5];  [6];  [7];  [8];  [9];  [10]
  1. (La Prairie, CA)
  2. (South St. Paul, MN)
  3. (Minneapolis, MN)
  4. (Hudson, WI)
  5. (St-Hubert, CA)
  6. (Austin, TX)
  7. (Saint-Luc, CA)
  8. (Beloeil, CA)
  9. (St. Bruno, CA)
  10. (Eagan, MN)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
United States Advanced Battery Consortium, Dearborn, MI (US)
OSTI Identifier:
873139
Patent Number(s):
6099986
Assignee:
3M Innovative Properties Company (Saint Paul, MN); Hydro-Quebec (Montreal, CA) CHO
DOE Contract Number:  
FC02-91CE50336
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
in-situ; circuit; protection; method; high-energy; electrochemical; cells; thermal; management; energy; storage; device; plurality; coupled; parallel; common; positive; negative; connections; accordance; cell; technology; dimensions; electrical; properties; configured; ratio; content-to-contact; surface; produced; short-circuit; particular; conducted; adjacent; prevent; temperature; exceeding; breakdown; embodiment; fuse; series; fuses; activated; current; spike; capacitively; occurrence; electrically; isolating; short-circuited; thermal management; storage cells; contact surface; electrochemical cells; storage device; energy storage; electrochemical cell; thermal energy; electrical properties; energy produced; storage cell; energy content; electrically isolating; in-situ thermal; high-energy electrochemical; /429/

Citation Formats

Gauthier, Michel, Domroese, Michael K., Hoffman, Joseph A., Lindeman, David D., Noel, Joseph-Robert-Gaetan, Radewald, Vern E., Rouillard, Jean, Rouillard, Roger, Shiota, Toshimi, and Trice, Jennifer L. In-situ short circuit protection system and method for high-energy electrochemical cells. United States: N. p., 2000. Web.
Gauthier, Michel, Domroese, Michael K., Hoffman, Joseph A., Lindeman, David D., Noel, Joseph-Robert-Gaetan, Radewald, Vern E., Rouillard, Jean, Rouillard, Roger, Shiota, Toshimi, & Trice, Jennifer L. In-situ short circuit protection system and method for high-energy electrochemical cells. United States.
Gauthier, Michel, Domroese, Michael K., Hoffman, Joseph A., Lindeman, David D., Noel, Joseph-Robert-Gaetan, Radewald, Vern E., Rouillard, Jean, Rouillard, Roger, Shiota, Toshimi, and Trice, Jennifer L. Sat . "In-situ short circuit protection system and method for high-energy electrochemical cells". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/873139.
@article{osti_873139,
title = {In-situ short circuit protection system and method for high-energy electrochemical cells},
author = {Gauthier, Michel and Domroese, Michael K. and Hoffman, Joseph A. and Lindeman, David D. and Noel, Joseph-Robert-Gaetan and Radewald, Vern E. and Rouillard, Jean and Rouillard, Roger and Shiota, Toshimi and Trice, Jennifer L.},
abstractNote = {An in-situ thermal management system for an energy storage device. The energy storage device includes a plurality of energy storage cells each being coupled in parallel to common positive and negative connections. Each of the energy storage cells, in accordance with the cell's technology, dimensions, and thermal/electrical properties, is configured to have a ratio of energy content-to-contact surface area such that thermal energy produced by a short-circuit in a particular cell is conducted to a cell adjacent the particular cell so as to prevent the temperature of the particular cell from exceeding a breakdown temperature. In one embodiment, a fuse is coupled in series with each of a number of energy storage cells. The fuses are activated by a current spike capacitively produced by a cell upon occurrence of a short-circuit in the cell, thereby electrically isolating the short-circuited cell from the common positive and negative connections.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {1}
}

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