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Title: Determining resistivity of a formation adjacent to a borehole having casing by generating constant current flow in portion of casing and using at least two voltage measurement electrodes

Abstract

Methods of operation of different types of multiple electrode apparatus vertically disposed in a cased well to measure information related to the resistivity of adjacent geological formations from within the cased well are described. The multiple electrode apparatus has a minimum of two spaced apart voltage measurement electrodes that electrically engage a first portion of the interior of the cased well and that provide at least first voltage information. Current control means are used to control the magnitude of any selected current that flows along a second portion of the interior of the casing to be equal to a predetermined selected constant. The first portion of the interior of the cased well is spaced apart from the second portion of the interior of the cased well. The first voltage information and the predetermined selected constant value of any selected current flowing along the casing are used in part to determine a magnitude related to the formation resistivity adjacent to the first portion of the interior of the cased well. Methods and apparatus having a plurality of voltage measurement electrodes are disclosed that provide voltage related information in the presence of constant currents flowing along the casing which is used tomore » provide formation resistivity.« less

Inventors:
 [1]
  1. (Bothell, WA)
Issue Date:
Research Org.:
ParaMagnetic Logging, Inc. (Bothell, WA)
OSTI Identifier:
872859
Patent Number(s):
6025721
Assignee:
ParaMagnetic Logging, Inc. (Woodinville, WA)
Patent Classifications (CPCs):
G - PHYSICS G01 - MEASURING G01V - GEOPHYSICS
DOE Contract Number:  
FG06-84ER13294
Resource Type:
Patent
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
determining; resistivity; formation; adjacent; borehole; casing; generating; constant; current; flow; portion; voltage; measurement; electrodes; methods; operation; types; multiple; electrode; apparatus; vertically; disposed; cased; measure; information; related; geological; formations; described; minimum; spaced; apart; electrically; engage; interior; provide; control; means; magnitude; selected; flows; equal; predetermined; value; flowing; determine; plurality; disclosed; presence; currents; apart voltage; constant current; vertically disposed; voltage measurement; measurement electrodes; geological formations; spaced apart; current flow; current flowing; control means; electrode apparatus; multiple electrode; adjacent geological; formation resistivity; geological formation; formation adjacent; measure information; apparatus vertically; information related; determining resistivity; electrically engage; current control; constant value; currents flowing; /324/

Citation Formats

Vail, III, William Banning. Determining resistivity of a formation adjacent to a borehole having casing by generating constant current flow in portion of casing and using at least two voltage measurement electrodes. United States: N. p., 2000. Web.
Vail, III, William Banning. Determining resistivity of a formation adjacent to a borehole having casing by generating constant current flow in portion of casing and using at least two voltage measurement electrodes. United States.
Vail, III, William Banning. Sat . "Determining resistivity of a formation adjacent to a borehole having casing by generating constant current flow in portion of casing and using at least two voltage measurement electrodes". United States. https://www.osti.gov/servlets/purl/872859.
@article{osti_872859,
title = {Determining resistivity of a formation adjacent to a borehole having casing by generating constant current flow in portion of casing and using at least two voltage measurement electrodes},
author = {Vail, III, William Banning},
abstractNote = {Methods of operation of different types of multiple electrode apparatus vertically disposed in a cased well to measure information related to the resistivity of adjacent geological formations from within the cased well are described. The multiple electrode apparatus has a minimum of two spaced apart voltage measurement electrodes that electrically engage a first portion of the interior of the cased well and that provide at least first voltage information. Current control means are used to control the magnitude of any selected current that flows along a second portion of the interior of the casing to be equal to a predetermined selected constant. The first portion of the interior of the cased well is spaced apart from the second portion of the interior of the cased well. The first voltage information and the predetermined selected constant value of any selected current flowing along the casing are used in part to determine a magnitude related to the formation resistivity adjacent to the first portion of the interior of the cased well. Methods and apparatus having a plurality of voltage measurement electrodes are disclosed that provide voltage related information in the presence of constant currents flowing along the casing which is used to provide formation resistivity.},
doi = {},
journal = {},
number = ,
volume = ,
place = {United States},
year = {2000},
month = {1}
}

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Works referenced in this record:

A transmission‐line model for electrical logging through casing
journal, December 1993


Electrical resistivity measurement through metal casing
journal, July 1994


Cement Resistivity and Implications for Measurement of Formation Resistivity Through Casing
conference, April 2013


Influence of inductive effect on measurements of resistivity through casing
journal, January 1996


The electrical field in a borehole with a casing
journal, January 1990


Through Casing Resistivity Measurements And Their Interpretation For Hydrocarbon Saturations
conference, April 2013